Trypanotolerant livestock in West and Central Africa - Volume 3. A decade's results













Table of Contents


ILCA MONOGRAPH 2

by

C.H. Hoste, E. Chalon, G. d'Ieteren and J.C.M. Trail

INTERNATIONAL LIVESTOCK CENTRE FOR AFRICA 1992

P O BOX 5689
ADDIS ABABA
ETHIOPIA 1992

Note: This document is a translation of a French text first published in 1988 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (Le bétail trypanotolérant en Afrique occidentale et centrale Vol. 3 - Bilan d'une décennie. Etude FAO Production et santé animales 20/3).

ISBN 92-9053-261-0

ILCA

The International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA), established in 1974, is an autonomous, non-profit making research, training and information Centre with a mandate to improve livestock production throughout sub-Saharan Africa. The activities and publications of the Centre are financed by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). The CGIAR members which have funded ILCA to date are the African Development Bank, the European Economic Community, the Ford Foundation, the International Development Research Centre, the International Fund for Agricultural Development, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, the United Nations Development Programme, the World Bank, and the governments of Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, The Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States of America.

ILCA conducts its own research programme, works closely with national agricultural research systems (NARS) in collaborative research projects and seeks to develop the research capacities of NARS by providing specialised training programmes and a range of information services.

ILCA's publications series include Research Reports, Monographs, as well as conference proceedings and a quarterly ILCA Newsletter. Responsibility for ILCA publications rests solely with the Centre and with such other parties as may be cited as co-authors.

This electronic document has been scanned using optical character recognition (OCR) software and careful manual recorrection. Even if the quality of digitalisation is high, the FAO declines all responsibility for any discrepancies that may exist between the present document and its original printed version.


Table of Contents


Preface

Introduction

Part I: Potential utilisation of tripanotolerant livestock

Chapter 1: Populations and their changes

1.1 Human and livestock populations

1.1.1 Human population
1.1.2 Cattle population
1.1.3 Sheep and goat population

1.2 Trypanotolerant cattle groups

1.2.1 The N'Dama breed
1.2.2 The Savannah shorthorn
1.2.3 The dwarf shorthorn
1.2.4 Zebu x humpless cattle group

1.3 Trypanotolerant small ruminant breeds

Chapter 2: Research activities

2.1 Research policies on trypanotolerant livestock breeding
2.2 Research activities on the productivity of trypanotolerant breeds
2.3 Research on trypanotolerance

2.3.1 Vectorial potential of tsetse
2.3.2 Study of the parasite
2.3.3 Final host response

Chapter 3: Development activities

3.1 Planning and coordination of development activities

3.1.1 Planning
3.1.2 Coordination

3.2 Multiplication units

3.2.1 Cattle programs
3.2.2 Small ruminant programs
3.2.3 Performance evaluation programmes

3.3 Development projects

3.3.1 Livestock development projects
3.3.2 Integrated rural development project with a "livestock production" component

Part II: Updating of country studies

Chapter 1: Senegal

1.1 Background
1.2 Livestock numbers and distribution
1.3 Cattle

1.3.1 Breed characterisation
1.3.2 Diseases
1.3.3 Herd management

1.4 Sheep and goats

1.4.1 Index of productivity
1.4.2 Diseases

1.5 Research and development activities

1.5.1 Research centres
1.5.2 Development projects

1.6 Selected bibliography
1.7 Major changes since 1977

Chapter 2: The Gambia

2.1 Background
2.2 Livestock numbers and distribution
2.3 Cattle

2.3.1 N'Dama breed characterisation
2.3.2 Diseases
2.3.3 Herd management and composition

2.4 Sheep and goats
2.5 Research and development activities

2.5.1 Research centres
2.5.2 Development activities

2.6 Selected bibliography
2.7 Major changes since 1977

Chapter 3: Guinea Bissau

3.1 Background
3.2 Livestock numbers and distribution
3.3 Cattle

3.3.1 Breed characterisation
3.3.2 Diseases
3.3.3 Herd management and composition

3.4 Sheep and goats
3.5 Research and development activities

3.5.1 Research centres
3.5.2 Development projects

3.6 Selected bibliography
3.7 Major changes since 1977

Chapter 4: Guinea

4.1 Background
4.2 Livestock numbers and distribution

4.2.1 Cattle
4.2.2 Sheep and goats

4.3 Cattle

4.3.1 Breed characterisation
4.3.2 Diseases
4.3.3 Herd management and composition

4.4 Sheep and goats
4.5 Research and development activities

4.5.1 Research centres
4.5.2 Multiplication herds and development projects

4.6 Selected bibliography
4.7 Major changes since 1977

Chapter 5: Sierra Leone

5.1 Background
5.2 Livestock numbers and distribution
5.3 Cattle

5.3.1 N'Dama breed characterisation
5.3.2 Diseases
5.3.3 Herd management and composition

5.4 Sheep and goats
5.5 Research and development activities
5.6 Selected bibliography
5.7 Major changes since 1977

Chapter 6: Liberia

6.1 Background
6.2 Livestock numbers and distribution
6.3 Cattle

6.3.1 Breed description
6.3.2 Diseases
6.3.3 Herd management and composition

6.4 Sheep and goats
6.5 Research and development activities

6.5.1 Research centres
6.5.2 Multiplication herds
6.5.3 Development activities

6.6 Selected bibliography
6.7 Major changes since 1977

Chapter 7: Mali

7.1 Background
7.2 Livestock numbers and distribution
7.3 Cattle

7.3.1 Breed characterisation
7.3.2 Diseases
7.3.3 Herd management and composition

7.4 Sheep and goats
7.5 Research activities and development

7.5.1 Research centres and programmes
7.5.2 Multiplication herds and development projects

7.6 Selected bibliography
7.7 Major changes since 1977

Chapter 8: Burkina Faso

8.1 Background
8.2 Livestock numbers and distribution
8.3 Cattle

8.3.1 Breed characterisation
8.3.2 Diseases
8.3.3 Herd management

8.4 Sheep and goats

8.4.1 Sheep
8.4.2 Goats
8.4.3 Diseases
8.4.4 Herd management

8.5 Research and development activities

8.5.1 Research centres
8.5.2 Multiplication and extension
8.5.3 Development projects

8.6 Selected bibliography
8.7 Major changes since 1977

Chapter 9: Côte d'Ivoire

9.1 Background
9.2 Livestock numbers and distribution
9.3 Cattle

9.3.1 Breed characterisation
9.3.2 Diseases
9.3.3 Herd management and composition

9.4 Sheep and goats

9.4.1 Breed characterisation
9.4.2 Diseases
9.4.3 Herd management

9.5 Research and development activities

9.5.1 Research centres
9.5.2 Multiplication herds
9.5.3 Development activities

9.6 Selected bibliography
9.7 Major changes since 1977

Chapter 10: Ghana

10.1 Background
10.2 Livestock numbers and distribution
10.3 Battle

10.3.1 Breed characterisation
10.3.2 Diseases
10.3.3 Herd management and composition

10.4 Sheep and goats

10.4.1 Breed characterisation

10.5 Research and development activities

10.5.1 Research centres
10.5.2 Development and multiplication activities

10.6 Selected bibliography
10.7 Major changes since 1977

Chapter 11: Togo

11.1 Background
11.2 Livestock numbers and distribution
11.3 Cattle

11.3.1 Breed characterisation
11.3.2 Diseases
11.3.3 Herd management and composition

11.4 Sheep and goats

11.4.1 Breed description
11.4.2 Diseases

11.5 Research and development activities

11.5.1 Research centres
11.5.2 Multiplication herds

11.6 Selected bibliography
11.7 Major changes since 1977

Chapter 12: Benin

12.1 Background
12.2 Livestock numbers and distribution
12.3 Cattle

12.3.1 Breed description
12.3.2 Diseases
12.3.3 Herd management and composition

12.4 Sheep and goats

12.4.1 Breed characterisation
12.4.2 Diseases

12.5 Research and development activities

12.5.1 Research centres
12.5.2 Multiplication herds
12.5.3 Development projects

12.6 Selected bibliography
12.7 Major changes since 1977

Chapter 13: Nigeria

13.1 Background
13.2 Livestock numbers and distribution
13.3 Cattle

13.3.1 Breed description
13.3.2 Diseases
13.3.3 Herd management

13.4 Sheep and goats

13.4.1 Breed description
13.4.2 Diseases
13.4.3 Herd management

13.5 Research and development activities

13.5.1 Research centres
13.5.2 Multiplication herds
13.5.3 Development activities

13.6 Selected bibliography
13.7 Major changes since 1977

Chapter 14: Cameroon

14.1 Background
14.2 Livestock numbers and distribution
14.3 Cattle

14.3.1 Breed description
14.3.2 Diseases
14.3.3 Herd management

14.4 Sheep and goats

14.4.1 Breed description
14.4.2 Diseases
14.4.3 Herd management

14.5 Research and development activities

14.5.1 Research centres
14.5.2 Multiplication herds
14.5.3 Development projects

14.6 Selected bibliography
14.7 Major changes since 1977

Chapter 15: Central African Republic

15.1 Background
15.2 Cattle numbers and distribution

15.2.1 Cattle
15.2.2 Sheep and goats

15.3 Cattle

15.3.1 Breed description
15.3.2 Diseases
15.3.3 Herd composition

15.4 Sheep and goats
15.5 Research and development activities

15.5.1 Research centres
15.5.2 Multiplication herds
15.5.3 Development projects

15.6 Selected bibliography
15.7 Major changes since 1977

Chapter 16: Gabon

16.1 Background
16.2 Livestock numbers and distribution
16.3 Cattle

16.3.1 Breed description
16.3.2 Diseases
16.3.3 Herd management

16.4 Sheep and goats

16.4.1 Breed description
16.4.2 Diseases
16.4.3 Herd management

16.5 Research and development activities

16.5.1 Research centres
16.5.2 Multiplication herds
16.5.3 Development projects

16.6 Selected bibliography
16.7 Major changes since 1977

Chapter 17: Congo

17.1 Background
17.2 Cattle and distribution
17.3 Cattle

17.3.1 Breed description
17.3.2 Diseases
17.3.3 Management systems

17.4 Sheep and goats

17.4.1 Breed description
17.4.2 Herd management

17.5 Research and development activities

17.5.1 Research centres
17.5.2 Multiplication herds
17.5.3 Development programmes

17.6 Selected bibliography
17.7 Major changes since 1977

Chapter 18: Zaire

18.1 Background
18.2 Cattle numbers and distribution
18.3 Cattle

18.3.1 Breed description
18.3.2 Diseases
18.3.3 Herd management

18.4 Sheep and goats
18.5 Research and development activities

18.5.1 Research centres
18.5.2 Multiplication herds
18.5.3 Development projects

18.6 Selected bibliography
18.7 Major developments since 1977

Chapter 19: Equatorial Guinea

19.1 Background
19.2 Livestock numbers and distribution
19.3 Cattle
19.4 Sheep and goats

19.4.1 Breed description

19.5 Research and development activities
19.6 Selected bibliography
19.7 Major changes since 1977

Summary

General bibliography