Animal science for sustainable productivity: Clippings

Driving livestock development through multidisciplinary systems research: An impact narrative

Forty years ago,  the International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA) was a pioneer in livestock systems research, which was designed to take account of the complexity of real farming systems so as to be able to contribute to development.

Such systems-based research fell out of favour in the 1980s and 90s, but still continued to produce useful development outcomes. Since the early 2000s, however, it has regained its position, developing at ILRI to focus on ‘innovation systems’ and becoming a mainstream approach within the CGIAR Research Programs (CRP).

Impacts from this work have included policy changes on food safety in milk and meat markets, improved access of smallholder livestock farmers to input and output markets, and much greater awareness of gender issues in agricultural development.

The promotion and adoption of such systems-based approaches within national research institutes in developing countries would make a huge contribution to the development of smallholder agriculture.

Download a brief that illustrates how scaling up transdisciplinary research so that a systems approach can be applied by more and more scientists could make a huge contribution to development in smallholder farming.

Filed under: Agriculture, Animal Production, Farming Systems, ILRI, ILRI40, Impact Assessment, Innovation Systems, Integrated Sciences, Livestock, Livestock Systems, Participation, Research

Ethiopia livestock master plan presents roadmaps for growth and transformation

This poster, prepared for the ILRI@40 series of events, gives an overview of Ethiopia’s Livestock Master Plan (LMP) that is as part of the country’s wider growth and transformation plan II for 2015-2020.

The master plan, which the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) contributed to, is based on a qualitative and fact-based livestock sector model and analysis. The new plan will see improvement in Ethiopia’s poultry breeds and forages and the creation and maintenance of a livestock population database in the country.

Ethiopian Livestock Master Plan (LMP): Roadmaps for growth and transformation (2015-2020) from ILRI

Visit for more information.

Follow #ilri40 on Twitter.

Filed under: Agriculture, Animal Production, East Africa, Ethiopia, ILRI, ILRI40, Livelihoods, Livestock, Research Tagged: poster

Linking poor livestock keepers to markets in Africa and Asia

Writing in the November 2014 issue of Rural 21, Isabelle Baltenweck argues that the growing global demand for animal products also offers poor livestock keepers the opportunity to switch from the subsistence to the market economy.

She introduces three approaches in the meat and dairy sector in Africa and Asia with their respective potentials and limitations – and also warns against possible negative effects.

She concludes: “There is no ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach to link livestock keepers to the market in a manner that is inclusive and sustainable. Women’s and men’s needs have to be taken into account for a value chain transformation to happen. There are still many unknowns, in particular regarding the effect of increased market orientation on the household nutritional status. In fact, the effect can be negative when more livestock products (like milk) are sold rather than consumed at home, extra income is spent on items not beneficial to children health and nutrition, and women’s workload increases and less time is available to care for their children. Concerted efforts by researchers, development partners, public and the private sector are needed for inclusive value chains to become a reality so that poor livestock keepers can take advantage of the Livestock Revolution to improve their livelihoods in a sustainable manner.”

Read the full article

Recent articles by Klaus Butterbach-Bahl

Filed under: Africa, Animal Production, Animal Products, Asia, CRP37, ILRI, LGI, Livestock, Livestock Systems, Markets Tagged: EADD, rural21

Rural 21 special issue on livestock and rural development

The November 2014 issue of Rural 21 – the International Journal for Rural Development – has a special focus on livestock. The various articles have been brought together to look at both the goods and the bads of livestock.

Articles include:

Filed under: Livestock Tagged: rural21

Small-scale farms mixing livestock and crops are the way to feed the world—Kenya newspaper

Climate Smart Villages- Karnal

Small-scale farms mixing crops and livestock, such as this one in India, will feed a growing world population (photo credit: CCAFS/Vishwanathan).

An article published this week (18 Nov 2014) in the online edition of Kenya’s Standard newspaper highlights the important role that mixed livestock and crop farms will play in feeding the world in coming years.

The article cites research by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) that showed that ‘farmers and policymakers need to turn their attention to mixed farming systems, especially in [neglected medium-] potential areas’ because these farms ‘more than the traditional breadbaskets and rice bowls of the past, will feed the growing world over the next few decades.’

According to the article, ‘farmers who mix growing crops with rearing livestock in both poor and developed countries, not only boost food security efforts’, but also earn much needed income in the process.

Read the whole article: How mix of livestock and crops on small farms will feed the world

Read a related ILRI news article: New map: Livestock and mixed crop-livestock systems in Africa

Filed under: Agriculture, Article, Crop-Livestock, Food security, Livestock

ኢትዮጵያ ከቁም እንስሳት ሀብት ማግኘት ያለባትን ጥቅም አላገኘችም

This blog post is in Amharic, if you are seeing boxes download fonts here.

ሰሃራ በታች ከሚገኙ አገሮች በተለይም ኢትዮጵያና ጎረቤት ኬንያ ስለ ቁም እንስሳት ሀብታቸው ብዙ ይባልላቸዋል፡፡ ይሁንና ተደጋግሞ እንደሚገለጸው አገሮቹ ካላቸው እምቅ አቅም አንፃር ተጠቃሚነታቸው ሲፈተሽ ከባህር ላይ በጭልፋ የመጥለቅ ያህል የሚጋነን ነው፡፡

ሌላው ቀርቶ «…ከከብቶቹ በፊት ነው የሞተው እርሱ!» የሚለውን አገርኛ ብሂል ነጥለን ስናይ፤ እንስሳት በኢትዮጵያ ከአርቢዎቻቸው ጋር ያላቸው ቅርበት የቤተሰብ አባላት ያህል ጥልቅ መሆኑን ለመረዳት ያስችለናል፡፡ ይሁንና በአርቢዎቻቸው ይሄን ያህል ትኩረት የሚያገኙት የቁም እንስሳት እንደ ግለሰብም ሆነ እንደ አገር የሚያስገኙት ጥቅም «ባለህበት እርገጥ» የሚባል አይነት ነው፡፡

ይሄን በአግባቡ የተረዳው መንግሥት ዘርፉ ላይ የሚታዩትን እንቅፋቶች በማስወገድ ተገቢውን ኢኮኖሚያዊ ጥቅም ለማስገኘት በርካታ ውጥኖችን ነድፎ ለከርሞ እየተንቀሳቀሰ ነው፡፡ ሰሞኑን የምስረታውን 40ኛ ዓመት በማክበር ላይ የሚገኘው ዓለም አቀፉ የቁም እንስሳት ምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት (ILRI) ዘርፉን ይበልጥ ለማጎልበት ከኢትዮጵያ ጋር በጋራ እንደሚሠራ ጠቁሟል፡፡

Panelist Livestock – economic well-being

በክብረ በዓሉ መክፈቻ ላይ የተገኙት የኢፌዴሪ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ደመቀ መኮንን «በበርካታ የልማት ማነቆዎች ምክንያት ኢትዮጵያ ከቁም እንስሳት ሀብት ማግኘት ያለባትን ጥቅም አላገኘችም» በማለት ዘርፉ በቀጣይ ቁልፍ የመንግሥት የትኩረት ማረፊያ እንደሚሆን ያነሳሉ፡፡

በቅርብ ዓመታት ውስጥ የዓለማችን ህዝብ ቁጥር ከሰባት ቢሊዮን በላይ መድረሱ ይታወሳል፡፡ የዜጎች ቁጥር በዚህ እድገት ከቀጠለ እ.አ.አ በ2050 ዓለም ከዘጠኝ እስከ አስር ቢሊዮን ልጆች ይኖሯታል ተብሎ ይገመታል፡፡ በመሆኑም ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ እንደሚሉት ይሄ የሰዎች ቁጥር ፈጣን እድገት አሁን ያለውን የዓለማችን የምግብ ምርት እስከ 70 በመቶ ማሳደግ እንደሚገባ የሚያስገድድ ይሆናል፡፡ ለእዚህ ደግሞ ሰፊ የግብርና ምርት ውጤት ባለቤቷ አፍሪካ ከመቼውም ጊዜ የበለጠ በነቃ መልኩ ተጠቃሚነቷን ማስጠበቅ ይቻላታል፡፡ ምክንያቱም የዓለማችን ሰፊ የምግብ ግብዓት በመሆን የሚታወቀው የእንስሳት ተዋፅኦ በአፍሪካ በመኖሩ ነው፡፡

የተጠቃሚነት እድሉን መፃዒነት ወደ ኢትዮጵያ አምጥተን ስንመለከትም ሁኔታው ተቀራራቢ ነው፡፡ ሀብቱ የሌሎች አህጉራትን ምግብ ፍላጎት ከመሙላቱ በተጓዳኝ በቀጥታም ይሁን በተዘዋዋሪ ለምጣኔ ሀብት እድገት፣ ድህነት ቅነሳ እና የምግብ ዋስትና በዘላቂነት መረጋገጥ ቀጥተኛ ሚና ይኖረዋል፡፡ «የቁም እንስሳት ለምግብ ዋስትና መረጋገጥ አይነተኛ ሚና ይጫወታሉ» የሚሉት ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ፤ ዘርፉን ማሳደግ በተለይም ከእንስሳት ተዋፅኦ የሚገኙ ከፍተኛ ጥራት ያላቸውን ፕሮቲንና ካሎሪስ በተመጣጣኝ ዋጋ ለማግኘት እንደሚያስችል ይናገራሉ፡፡ ከእንስሳት ተዋፅኦ 26በመቶ ፕሮቲን እንዲሁም 13 በመቶ ካሎሪስ እንደሚገኝም እንዲሁ፡፡

በቀጣይ ዓለማችን ላይ ከሚጠበቀው የነዋሪዎች መብዛት በተጨማሪ ቀጥተኛ የእንስሳት ውጤቶች ፍላጎት ማደጉ የማይቀር ነው፡፡ ለአብነትም ሌላውን ዓለም ትተን ከሰሃራ በታች በሚገኙ አገሮች ብቻ ብንመለከት የወተት ፍጆታ በጥቂት አሰርት ዓመታት ውስጥ አሁን ካለው ሦስት እጥፍ እንደሚያድግ ይተነበያል፡፡ በመሆኑም ባለሙያዎች እንደሚሉት እንስሳትን ከተለያዩ በሽታዎች በመጠበቅ ዘርፉን ቁልፍ የኢኮኖሚ መሰረት ማድረግ ይቻላል፡፡

አቶ ደመቀ እንደሚሉት ታዲያ በተለይም የአነስተኛ አርሶ አደሮች ምርታማነት ሥርዓት ላይ ትኩረት ሰጥቶ መሥራት በማደግ ላይ ለሚገኙ አገራት ወሳኝ ነው፡፡ ለዚህ ደግሞ እንደ «ኢልሪ» ያሉ ምርምር አድራጊዎች በአነስተኛ አርሶ አደሮች ላይ ማተኮራቸው ዘላቂነት ላለው የግብርና ልማት መሰረት ይሆናል፡፡

የኢትዮጵያ ተጠቃሚነት አሁንም ትኩረት ተሰጥቶት ሊሰራ ይገባል፡፡ ምክንያቱም ባለፉት ዓመታት እንደታየው አገሪቱ ከቁም እንስሳት እና ስጋ ሽያጭ ቀጥተኛ የወጪ ንግድ ገቢዋ 262 ሚሊዮን የአሜሪካን ዶላር ብቻ ነው፡፡ ጉዳዩን ይበልጥ አንገብጋቢ የሚያደርገው ደግሞ ዘርፉ ሊሰጥ የሚችለው ጥቅም ከተጠቀሰው ገቢ በአራት እጥፍ ማስገኘት የሚችል መሆኑ ነው፡፡ በመሆኑም እንደ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ገለጻ በመሰረተ ልማት፣ በቀልጣፋ የገበያ ሥርዓት፣ በእንስሳት ጤና እና በእንስሳት ጊዜያዊ ማቆያ ላይ የሚታዩ ችግሮች መፈታት አለባቸው፡፡

ለእዚህ ደግሞ ሁለተኛው የእድገትና ትራንስፎርሜሽን ዕቅድ ትግበራ ጊዜ ወሳኝ ሆኗል፡፡ በተባለው ወቅት በዘርፉ እሴት በመጨመር ለድህነት ቅነሳ ተግባር አዎንታዊ ሚና ይኖረዋል፡፡ 40ኛ ዓመቱን የሚያከብረው «ኢልሪ» በአቅም ግንባታ እና ፕሮግራም ማስተባበር ዙሪያ ያደረገው አስተዋፅኦ ከፍተኛ መሆኑን ይጠቅሳሉ፡፡ በተለይም ለቀጣዮቹ አስር ዓመታት ተግባራዊ የሚደረግ የቁም እንስሳት ልማት መሪ ዕቅድ በተያዘው ዓመት እንደሚተገበር አቶ ደመቀ አስታውቀዋል፡፡ መሪ ዕቅዱም በዋናነት ብሔራዊ የቁም እንስሳት ልማትን ወደተሻለ ደረጃ ማሳደግ የሚያስችል መመሪያዎችን ያቀፈ ነው፡፡ ተግባራዊነቱም ከተያዘው ዓመት ጀምሮ ይሆናል፡፡

ኢትዮጵያ ከእንስሳት ሀብቷ የምትጠቀምበት ጊዜ የተቃረበ ይመስላል፡፡ ምክንያቱም ከአጠቃላዩ የግብርና ንዑሱ ዘርፍ በዚህ ላይ ትልቅ ድርሻ አለውና፡፡ የግብርና ሚኒስቴር ሚኒስትር አቶ ተፈራ ደርበው የሚሉትም ይሄንኑ ነው፡፡ «ከግብርና ውጤት ገሚሱን የሚሸፍነው የቁም እንስሳት ንዑስ ዘርፍ ያሉበትን ማነቆዎች በመቅረፍ በቀጣይ እንደሚያድግ የሚጠበቀውን የአገር ውስጥ የወተት እና ሥጋ ፍላጎት ለማሟላት አቅሙን ማጎልበት ይገባል» ይላሉ፡፡ ከአጠቃላይ የአገሪቱ ውጭ ምንዛሪ ገቢ ከ16 እስከ 19 በመቶ ከእንስሳት ሽያጭ የሚገኝ መሆኑን ያነሱት ሚኒስትሩ፤ ለተገቢው እድገት እንቅፋት የሆኑ ተግዳሮቶች መኖራቸውን አንስተዋል፡፡

ፈጣን የዜጎች ቁጥር መጨመር፣ የከተሞች መስፋፋት እንዲሁም የአገር ውስጥ የስጋ፣ የወተትና እንቁላል ፍላጎት ማደግ ከተፅዕኖዎቹ መካከል እንደሚጠቀስ አንስተዋል፡፡ አቶ ተፈራ እንደሚሉት እነዚህ ሁሉ ችግሮች ተዳምረው በሁለት እጥፍ ሊያድግ የሚችለውን የውጭ ምንዛሪ ግኝት ባለበት እንዲቀር አድርጎታል፡፡ በተጨማሪም አገሪቱ የምትገኝበት ጂኦግራፊያዊ አቀማመጥ የቁም እንስሳትን ለጥቂት የገልፍ እና አፍሪካ አገሮች ገበያ ብቻ ተደራሽ እንዲሆን አስገድዷል፡፡

በመሆኑም መንግሥት በቀጣይ ዕቅድ ትኩረት ሰጥቶ የሚንቀሳቀሰው የእንስሳት ሀብት ልማትን የግብርናው መሪ ለማድረግ መሥራት ላይ ነው፡፡ ለእዚህም በ«ኢልሪ» የተቀረፀው የቁም እንስሳት መሪ ዕቅድን መተግበር ወሳኝ ነው፡፡ ከአገር አቀፍ እንቅስቃሴው በተጨማሪ ኢትዮጵያ በአፍሪካ ሁሉን አቀፍ የግብርና ልማት ፕሮግራም (ካዳፕ) በኩል ዘርፉን ለማሳደግ እየሠራች ነው ብለዋል፡፡

Sheep at the Livestock and Fish annual review and planning meeting

እ.አ.አ ከ1974 ጀምሮ ሥራውን የጀመረው ኢልሪ ባለፉት ዓመታት በእንስሳት አመጋገብ እና ጤና አጠባበቅ፣ በአርብቶ አደሩ፣ በእሴት ሰንሰለት፣ በመሬት አጠቃቀምና ሌሎች ቁልፍ ተግባራት ዙሪያ የተለያዩ ጥናቶች ሲያከናውን መቆየቱንም ጠቅሰዋል፡፡ ከእንስሳት ምርምር በተጨማሪ በአረንጓዴ ኢኮኖሚ ግንባታ ውስጥ ኢልሪ የራሱን አስተዋፅኦ ሲያደርግ ቆይቷል፡፡

ኢትዮጵያ እየተገበረች የምትገኘው ለአየር ንብረት ለውጥ የማይበገር የአረንጓዴ ልማት ስትራቴጂ ለእዚህ ተጠቃሽ ነው፡፡ በተጨማሪም የካርበን ልቀትን ለመቀነስና የተፈጥሮ ሀብት ጥበቃ ላይ በየክልሉ በርካታ ሥራዎች በመከናወን ላይ ይገኛሉ፡፡ እስካሁን በተሠሩት ብቻ አሳሳቢ ደረጃ ላይ ደርሶ የነበረውን በረሃማነት በመቀነስ የደን ሽፋኑን ከሦስት በመቶ ወደ 11 በመቶ ማሳደግ መቻሉን መረጃዎች ያመላክታሉ፡፡

የግብርና ሚኒስትሩ እንደሚሉት ታዲያ በተካሄዱ ምርምሮች ከኢልሪ የዘር ባንክ በሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ የዘር ምርምሮች እውቅና ሊያገኙ ችለዋል፡፡ ለደን ከሚሰጡት ግብዓት በተጨማሪ ለእንስሳት መኖ ተመራጭ የሆኑ ዝርያዎች ተገኝተዋል፡፡ የአገሪቱ የቁም እንስሳት ኤክስፖርቱ በሕገወጥ ግብይት እየተፈተነ ይገኛል፡፡ የግብርና ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ አቶ ወንድይራድ ማንደፍሮ ይሄ እውነት መሆኑን ጠቅሰው፤ ችግሩን ለመቅረፍ በርካታ ሥራዎች በመከናወን ላይ ይገኛሉ፡፡ የእንስሳት ጤና፣ አገልግሎት አሰጣጥ፣ የትራንስፖርት ሎጂስቲክስ ችግር እንዲሁም የጊዜያዊ ማቆያዎች አለመሟላት መሰረታዊ ማነቆዎች ናቸው፡፡ በመሆኑም ይሄን በመቅረፍ ገቢን ለማሳደግ ይሠራል ብለዋል፡፡

በጎረቤት አገራት ሚዛናዊ የሆነ የእንስሳት አቅርቦት አለመኖርም ሌላው ችግር ተብሏል፡፡ ሕገወጥ ግብይቱም የሕግ ማዕቀፍ እየተዘጋጀለት ይገኛል፡፡ የግብርና ልማት ዓለም አቀፍ ድጋፍ ፕሬዚዳንት ካናዮ ንዋንዜ እንደሚሉት በቀጣዮቹ ሁለት አሰርት ዓመታት የዓለም የምግብ ፍላጎት በእጥፍ እንደሚያድግ ይጠበቃል፡፡ በመሆኑም የቁም እንስሳት ሀብት ያላቸው አገራት ኢንዱስትሪው የሚፈጥርላቸውን መልካም እድል መጠቀም ይገባቸዋል፡፡

ከእነዚህ መካከል ደግሞ አንዷ ኢትዮጵያ በመሆኗ ትኩረት ልትሰጠው ግድ ነው፡፡ ኢልሪ በበርካታ ጉዳዮች ዙሪያ ለሁለት ቀን የሚወያዩ ባለሙያዎች ጋብዟል፡፡ ባለፉት አራት አሰርት ዓመታትም በተለያዩ አፍሪካ አገራት በፖሊሲ፣ በገበያ፣ በቁም እንስሳት እና ዓሣ፣ በምግብ ዋስትና እና በአየር ንብረት ለውጥና ተያያዥ ዘርፎች ምርምር ሲያደርግ ቆይቷል፡፡

ከአዲስ ዘመን የተወሰደ

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Filed under: East Africa, Ethiopia, Event, ILRI40, Livestock Tagged: ilri40

ኢልሪ (ILRI) 40ኛ ዓመቱን እያከበረ ነው: የቁም እንስሳት ዘርፍን ኢኮኖሚያዊ ድርሻ ለማሳደግ እየተሠራ ነው

This blog post is in Amharic, if you are seeing boxes download fonts here.

በሁለተኛው የዕድገትና ትራንስፎ ርሜሽን ዕቅድ ኢትዮጵያ ከቁም እንስሳት ሃብቷ ተገቢውን ጥቅም ለማግኘት ትኩረት ሰጥታ ትሰራለች፡፡

ዓለም አቀፉ የቁም እንስሳት ምርምር ኢንስቲት ዩት (ILRI) የተመሰረተበትን አርባኛ ዓመት በአዲስ አበባ በማክበር ላይ ይገኛል፡፡

ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ደመቀ መኮንን በሥነ ስርዓቱ መክፈቻ ላይ ባደረጉት ንግግር እንደገለጹት፤ ለዘርፉ ከፍተኛ ትኩረት በመስጠት ከቁም እንስሳት የሚገኘውን ገቢ ከማሳደግ በተጨማሪ ለአገሪቱ የምግብ ዋስትና መረጋገጥ የሚጫወተውን ሚና ማሳደግ ይገባል፡፡ የቁም እንስሳት ሃብት ለአጠቃላይ የአገሪቱ ኢኮኖሚ እድገት፣ ድህነት ቅነሳ እንዲሁም ለምግብ ዋስትና መረጋገጥ ወሳኝ ሚና ይኖረዋል፡፡ ለዚህም በቀጣዮቹ ዓመታት የተጠናከረ ስራ ማከናወን ይገባል፡፡

«በበርካታ የልማት ማነቆዎች ምክንያት ኢትዮጵያ ከዘርፉ ማግኘት ያለባትን ጥቅም አላገኘችም» ያሉት ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ፤ በቁም እንስሳት እና ስጋ ሽያጭ ከቀጥተኛ የወጪ ንግድ ገቢ ታገኝ የነበረው 262 ሚሊዮን ዶላር ብቻ ሲሆን ሃብቱ ግን ከዚህ የላቀ ገቢ ማስገኘት እንደሚገባው አመልክተዋል፡፡ በመሆኑም በመሰረተ ልማት፣ በገበያ ስርዓት፣ በእንስሳት ጤና፣ በእንስሳት ጊዚያዊ ማቆያ ላይ የሚታዩ ችግሮችን ለመፍታት ትኩረት ይሰጣል፡፡ በሁለተኛው የእድገትና ትራንስፎርሜሽን ዕቅድ ወቅት በዘርፉ እሴት በመጨመር ለድህነት ቅነሳ ተግባር ሚና ይኖረዋል፡፡

አርባኛ ዓመቱን የሚያከብረው ዓለም አቀፉ የቁም እንስሳት ምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት (ኢልሪ) በአቅም ግንባታ እና ፕሮግራም ማስተባበር ያደረገው አስተዋጽኦ ከፍተኛ ነው፡፡ ለቀጣዩ አስር ዓመታት ተግባራዊ የሚደረግ የቁም እንስሳት ልማት መሪ ዕቅድ በተያዘው ዓመት እንደሚተገበር አቶ ደመቀ አስታውቀዋል፡፡

HE Teferra Derebew, Minister of Agriculture, Ethiopia

የግብርና ሚኒስትሩ አቶ ተፈራ ደርበው በበኩላቸው ከግብርና ውጤት ገሚሱን የሚሸፍነው የቁም እንስሳት ንዑስ ዘርፍ ያሉበትን ማነቆዎች በማቃለል በቀጣይ እንደሚያድግ የሚጠበቀውን የአገር ውስጥ የወተት እና ሥጋ ፍላጎት ለማሟላት አቅሙን ማጎልበት ያስፈልጋል፡፡ እ.አ.አ ከ1974 ጀምሮ በኢትዮጵያ ስራውን የጀመረው ኢልሪ ባለፉት ዓመታት በእንስሳት አመጋገብ እና ጤና አጠባበቅ፣ በአርብቶ አደሩ፣ በእሴት ሰንሰለት፣ በመሬት አጠቃቀምና ሌሎች ቁልፍ ተግባራት ዙሪያ የተለያዩ ጥናቶች ሲያከናውን መቆየቱን ጠቅሰዋል፡፡

ለግብርና ልማት ዓለም አቀፍ ድጋፍ ፕሬዚዳንት ካናዮ ንዋንዜ እንዳሉት፤ በቀጣዮቹ ሁለት አሰርት ዓመታት የዓለም የምግብ ፍላጎት በእጥፍ እንደሚያድግ ይጠበቃል፡፡ በመሆኑም የቁም እንስሳት ሃብት ያላቸው አገራት ኢንዱስትሪው የሚፈጥርላ ቸውን መልካም እድል መጠቀም ይገባቸዋል፡፡

ለሁለት ቀናት በሚካሄድ ኮንፈረንስ አርባኛ ዓመቱን የሚያከብረው ኢልሪ በበርካታ ጉዳዮች ዙሪያ ውይይት የሚያደርጉ ባለሙያዎችን ጋብዟል፡፡

ባለፉት አራት አሰርት ዓመታት በተለያዩ አፍሪካ አገራት በፖሊሲ፣ በገበያ፣ በቁም እንስሳት እና ዓሣ፣ በምግብ ዋስትና እና በዓየር ንብረት ለውጥና ተያያዥ ዘርፎች ምርምር ሲያደርግ ቆይቷል፡፡

ከአዲስ ዘመን የተወሰደ

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Filed under: East Africa, Ethiopia, Event, ILRI40, Livestock Tagged: ilri40

Livestock production crucial to improve smallholder farmers livelihood

Ethiopian Herald. Last week, Deputy Prime Minister of Ethiopia HE Demeke Mekonnen lauded the critical role that livestock production and processing could play in improving smallholder farmers livelihood as well as reducing rural poverty in Ethiopia. The Deputy Prime Minister said so while making keynote speech at the 40th anniversary of International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) with a theme: ‘Livestock-based options for sustainable food and nutritional security, economic well being and healthy lives.’

ILRI DG Jimmy Smith with HE Demeke Mekonnen, Deputy Minister of Ethiopia

The Deputy Premier said though Ethiopia has the largest livestock population in Africa, it has not benefited from the sector due to various developmental challenges. According to him, direct export revenue of live animals and meat was only 262 million USD while potentially, it could easy be quadrupled.

Therefore, he added that research is critical to sustainably increase productivity through combining improved technologies, enabling policies, organizational and institutional arrangements. As to him, improved productivity coupled with lower prices can improve both availability and accessibility of nutrition from animal source foods for poor consumers.

For the coming decades,he said,smallholder production systems will remain crucial for the development of agriculture in Africa and the developing world. The Deputy Premier went on saying that the critical role of research is to identify pathways for sustainable intensification of small farms-most of which are integrated crop livestock farms.

“The livestock production sector creates employment not only in production but also in trading, processing, and marketing. Employment in the sector is high specially in the informal sector of Africa and Asia which constitute as much as 70 per cent of the market,” he added.

With respect to the challenges that are holding the sector growth back in Africa,Demeke said that climate change is causing serious risks on lives and livelihood of poor farmers and their animals.

He noted that the impact of climate change is of three fold on agriculture. The agriculture itself that is contributing to global warming, the increased temperatures changing the biophysical environment and the push for ‘climate smart’ agriculture creating new set of incentives and constraints for farmers to consider when adopting agricultural technologies and strategies.

“Under Ethiopia’s Climate Green Economic Strategies, it was made possible to successfully curve deforestation from 3 per cent of vegetation cover to 11 per cent with only 15 years time,” he said.

Demeke also noted that a key issue is to develop and implement appropriate strategies and support systems that allow smallholder farmers-specialized livestock keepers and crop-livestock mix to adopt technologies at a scale necessary to make a major difference.

“Capacity development and women participation are key components particularly in job creation for key actors in the current and future agriculture development,”Demeke said.

With regard to the country’s future prospect in the livestock sector Minister of Agriculture Tefera Deribew also said Livestock Development Master Plan has been prepared which will be serving as guiding document of livestock investment for the coming ten years that will be implemented through continued government interventions.

Responding to questions from the press over the illegal trade of livestock across the border, Agriculture State Minister Wend-Yerad Mandefro said, “Due to the market and infrastructural problems most of our cattle are traded informally to neighbouring countries with out generating foreign currency. So animal health, traceability and quarantine service are the key components that need to be put in place to address the challenges.”

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) President Kanayo Nwanze on his part said as Africa is a continent with 200 million youths, the livestock sector should be taken as an important enabling economic sector to create jobs and businesses.

Story from Ethiopian Herald

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Filed under: East Africa, Ethiopia, Event, ILRI40, Livestock Tagged: ilri40

New livestock master plan for Ethiopia to help secure more revenue from sector

Daily Monitor. Aiming to increase the contribution of livestock sub-sector through generating more revenue, the government designed new Livestock Development Master Plan (LMP) covering the period 2014–2020.

The upcoming LMP which is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has three key sector analysis areas, dairy cows, red meat and milk from cattle and camels and poultry.

The master plan has a result of contribution from International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) towards national livestock development through capacity building and implementation of joint programs. Deputy Prime Minister Demeke Mekonnen said while making ILRI’s 40 years of establishment in Addis Ababa on Thursday.

Having the largest livestock population in Africa, Ethiopia has not yet benefitted from the sector due to various challenges.

Due to lack of modern infrastructural facilities and market system problems most of the animals are traded informally to neighboring countries failing to generate the expected foreign currency from the specific sector.

Lack of knowledge and problems related to health and infrastructural facilities are other challenges to the development of the sector mentioned at the occasion by Wondirad Mandefro, State Minister of Agriculture.

Despite all these challenges, Demeke stressed that, direct export revenue of live animal and meat was only 262 million US$ while potentially it could easily be quadrupled.

“Animal health, traceability and quarantine services are the key components that need to be put in place in order to change the scenario,” he says.

The ILRI strategy states that livestock often represent as much as 40 percent of agricultural GDP in many developing countries, but frequently receives much smaller proportions of funding and barley features in key policies.

The government also plans to make a value add on livestock products in an integrated intervention approach, according to the State Minister.

The key value chain includes live animals and meat; dairy; hides, skins and leather.

It was also recommended in the consultation that developing and implementing appropriate strategies and support system that allow small farmers – specialized livestock keepers and crop livestock mix to adopt technologies at the scale necessary to make a major difference.

Story from Daily Monitor

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Filed under: East Africa, Ethiopia, Event, ILRI40, Livestock Tagged: ilri40

መካከለኛ ገቢ ያላቸው ዜጎች መጨመርን ተከትሎ የሚያድገውን የምግብ ፍላጎት ለማሟላት የቁም እንስሳት ምርታማነት ማረጋገጥ ያስፈልጋል

This blog post is in Amharic, if you are seeing boxes download fonts here.

አዲስ አበባ ፤ ጥቅምት 28/2007 (ዋኢማ) – መካካለኛ ገቢ ያላቸው ዜጎች ቁጥር መጨመርን ተከትሎ የዜጎችን የምግብ ፍላጎት ለማርካት የእንስሳት ሃብት ምርታማነትን ማረጋገጥ እንደሚያስፈለገ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ደመቀ መኮንን ገለጹ።

ዓለም ዓቀፉ የእንስሳት ሃብት የምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት በኢትዮጵያ 40ኛ ዓመት በዓሉን ዛሬ በአዲስ አበባ አክብሯል።

በዓሉ ”የእንስሳት ሃብት ልማት ለዘላቂ የተመጣጠነ የምግብ ደህንነት፣ ለምጣኔ ሃብት እድገትና ለጤናማ ኑሮ”‘ በሚል ነው የተከበረው።

ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ደመቀ መኮንን በበዓሉ ላይ እንዳሉት እንደ ኢትዮጵያ ባሉ አገራት መካከለኛ ገቢ ያላቸው ዜጎች ቁጥር መጨመር ተከትሎ ከሰሃራ በታች ባሉ የአፍሪካ አገራት የወተት ፍላጎት በቀጣይ ጥቂት ዓመታት በሶስት እጥፍ ያድጋል፡፡

የሌሎች የእንስሳት ተዋጽኦዎች ፍላጎትም በቀጣይ ጥቂት ዓመታት በከፍተኛ መጠን እንደሚያድግ ይጠበቃል።

በ2050 ዓ.ም ከ9 እስከ 10 ቢሊዮን የሚደርሰውን የህዝብ ቁጥር የምግብ ፍላጎት ለማሟላት የምግብ ምርት በየዓመቱ 70 በመቶ ማደግ እንደሚጠበቅበት ጠቅሰው ይህንን ፍላጎት ለማሟላት አፍሪካ ዘላቂ ምርታማነት ላይ ማተኮር እንዳለባት አስረድተዋል።

ለዚህም የተፈጥሮ ሃብት ይዞታና የአየር ንብረት ለውጥን ባገናዘቡ የግብርና ስልቶች፣ በተሻሻሉ ቴክኖሎጂዎችና በምርት ማሳደግ ላይ የምርምር ስራዎች ተጠናክረው መቀጠል እንደሚገባቸውና ለዚሁም አመቺ ፖሊሲና አሰራር ሊዘጋጅ እንደሚገባ  ነው የተናገሩት።

ግብርናው ለድህነት ቅነሳ፣ ለምጣኔ ሃብት እድገት፣ ለተመጣጠነ ምግብ ደህንነትና ለአካባቢ ጥበቃ ከፍተኛ አስተዋጽኦ ያበረክታል።

የእንሰሳት ሃብት ልማቱም ምርት፣ ማቀነባበርና ግብይትን ጨምሮ በተለያዩ የእሴት ሰንሰለቶች ውስጥ ሰፊ የስራ እድል በመፍጠር የዜጎችን ተጠቃሚነት የሚያረጋግጥ ዘርፍ መሆኑንም ነው ያስረዱት።Shirley Tarawali makes process welcome

የዓለም አቀፉ የግብርና ልማት ፈንድ ዋና ፕሬዚዳንት ካናዮ ንዋንዜ በእስያና አፍሪካ የመካከለኛው ገቢ ያላቸው ዜጎች ቁጥር መስፋፋት ማሳየቱ የእንሰሳት ተዋጽኦ ምግቦች ፍላጎትን ያሳድገዋል ብለዋል።

በዓለም ላይ 1 ቢሊየን ሰዎች በቀጥታም ይሁን በተዘዋዋሪ ኑሯቸው ከእንስሳት ሃብት ጋር እንደሚዛመድ ገልጸው ሀብቱን በሚገባ በመጠቀም የምግብ ፍላጎትን  አነስተኛ  አርሶ አደሮችን ማእከል አድርጎ መስራት ያስፈልጋል ነው ያሉት።

”በምግብ አቅርቦት ሰንሰለት ውስጥ የአነስተኛ አርሶ አደሮችን ሚና የምንዘነጋ ከሆነ ድህነትን ማስወገድ አንችልም።” ያሉት ፕሬዚዳንቱ የሴቶች ተጠቃሚነት ሊጎለብት እንደሚገባም ነው ያብራሩት በተለይም በገጠር ያሉ ሴቶች።

”በገጠር አካባቢ ያሉ ሴቶች ምጣኔ ሃብታዊ ተጠቃሚነታቸው ሲረጋገጥ ገንዘቡን ለቤተሰባቸው የኑሮ ደረጃ መሻሻል የማበርከታቸው እድል ከወንዶች ጋር ሲነጻጻር የተሻለ ነው” ብለዋል።

የግብርና ሚኒስትር አቶ ተፈራ ደርበው እያደገ የመጣው መካካለኛ ገቢ ያላቸው ዜጎች ቁጥር ማደግ ለዘርፉ መልካም እድል መሆኑን፣ የእንስሳት ሀብት ልማት ከአገሪቱ አጠቃላይ የአገር ውስጥ ምርት 42 በመቶ ከሚሸፍነው ግብርና ግማሽ ያህሉን ድርሻ እንደሚይይዝ አስረድተዋል።

የምርምር ኢንስቲትዩቱ በእንስሳት አመጋገብ፣ በዝርያ ማሻሻል፣ በእሴት ሰንሰለትና በተለያዩ መስኮች ውጤታማ የምርምር ስራዎችን በኢትዮጵያ ሲያከናውን መቆየቱንም አስረድተዋል።

በተለይም በአቅም ግንባታ ስራዎች ላይ ለተለያዩ የአገሪቱ ባለሙያዎች የአቅም ማሻሻያ ስልጠና ሲሰጥ መቆየቱን በመግለጽ።

አገሪቱ በነደፈችው የአምስት ዓመት የእንስሳት ሃብት ልማት መሪ አቅድ ላይም የጎላ ድርሻ እንደነበረው ጠቁመዋል።

የዓለም አቀፉ የእንስሳት ሃብት የምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት ዋና ዳይሬክተር ጂሚ ስሚዝ በአገሪቱ ውስጥ ለነበራቸው የተመቻቸ ሁኔታና የቆይታ ጊዜ መንግስትና ህዝብን አመስግነዋል።

ተቋሙ ለፖሊሲዎች ግብዓት የሚሆኑ ምርምሮችን በተለያዩ መስኮች አጠናክሮ እንደሚቀጥልም ገልጸዋል።

በበዓሉ ላይ በነገው እለት የእንስሳት ሃብትን ከአካባቢ፣ ከዘላቂ የተመጣጠነ ምግብ ዋስትና፣ ከምጣኔ ሃብትና ከጤናማ ኑሮ አንጻር የሚቃኙ ጥናታዊ ጽሁፎች ይቀርባሉ፡፡ (ኢዜአ)

ከዋልታ ኢንፎ የተወሰደ

ሌላ የዜና ጥንቅሮች:

Filed under: East Africa, Ethiopia, Event, ILRI40, Livestock Tagged: ilri40

አለምአቀፍ የእንሰሳት ምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት 40ኛ አመቱን በማክበር ላይ ነው

This blog post is in Amharic, if you are seeing boxes download fonts here.

አለምአቀፍ የእንሰሳት ምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት ያሳለፋቸውን 40 የምርምር ዓመታት በተለያዩ መርሃ ግብሮች አለምአቀፋዊ ይዘት ባለዉ መልኩ በማክበር ላይ ይገኛል

ከመርሃ ግብሮች አንዱን የILRI ዋና ቢሮ በሚገኝበት አዲስ አበባ ዉስጥ አለምአቀፍ ተመራማሪዎች እና ከፍተኛ የመንግሥት ባለሥልጣኖች በተገኙበት ጥቅምት 27–28 አክብሮአል

የከብት ሀብት ምርምር ለአለምአቀፍ ምግብ እና አልሚ ምግብ እንዲሁም የኢኮኖሚ እና የጤና ጠቀሜታ እንዲያስገኝ የተዘጋጀውን ሴሚናር ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስቴር ደመቀ መኮንን በሸራተን ሆቴል አዳራሽ በመገኘት ከፍተዉታል

HE Teferra Derebew, Demeke Mekonnen Deputy Prime Minister, Jimmy Smith, Director General,  Kanayo Nwanze

ቪዲዬዉን ለመመልከት እዚህ ይጫኑ  (Link to a video report from Ethiopian TV on the ILRI@40 event on 6 November 2014)

ሌላ የዜና ጥንቅሮች:

Filed under: East Africa, Ethiopia, ILRI40, Livestock Tagged: ilri40

Livestock Matter(s): ILRI news ’roundup’ September-October 2014

 ILRI News Round-up banner
The September-October issue of ‘Livestock Matter(s)’ provides a round-up of livestock development news, publications, presentations, images and upcoming events from the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and its partners. Download a print version or sign up to get Livestock Matter(s) in your mailbox each month.

Corporate news

ILRI@40 Cake
ILRI turns 40: Nairobi headquarters marks the anniversary
On  1 October 2014, ILRI hosted a high-profile conference in Nairobi on livestock-based options for sustainable development. In 2014, ILRI is marking 40 years of international livestock researchParticipants at the Nairobi conference included  global, regional and local actors in sustainable livestock development, including farmers, the public and private sectors and research and development agencies.

The power of livestock to transform today’s resource-scarce agricultural lands
A major presentation on the ‘power of livestock’ was made at a  side event at the Borlaug Dialogue on 15 Oct 2014. The side event was hosted by ILRI and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) as part of a series marking ILRI’s 40-year anniversary. The presentation was made by Chris Delgado, who in 1999 led ground-breaking studies showing that a ‘Livestock Revolution’ was taking place in the global South.

ILRI scientist Delia Grace receives the Trevor Blackburn Award for contributions to animal health and food safety
In September 2014 Delia Grace was awarded the British Veterinary Association’s (BVA) Trevor Blackburn Award in recognition of her multiple outstanding contributions to animal health, animal welfare and food safety in Africa and Asia. In particular, she was recognized for her work with community health programs and research into public health and food safety; her pioneering work highlighting the benefits and risks of the engagement of women in livestock farming in developing countries and the delivery of training and studies in numerous African countries.

Getting agriculture ‘back on the table': CGIAR Development Dialogues today in New York
Iain Wright, ILRI’s interim deputy director general for integrated sciences; Tom Randolph, director of the Livestock and Fish program and Iddo Dror, who heads ILRI’s capacity development work represented ILRI and the multi-institutional CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish, which ILRI leads at the CGIAR Development Dialogues in New York on 25 September 2014.

Livestock options to meet development goals: ILRI side event at Tropentag Conference in Prague
On 18 September 2014, ILRI hosted a side event at the Tropentag 2014 International Conference, held at the Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic as part of a series of events marking ILRI’s 40-year anniversary this year.

ILRI researchers test communication approaches for optimizing informed consent processes
While piloting field tools in Morogoro, Tanzania, ILRI researchers tested three alternative tools to use as part of the informed consent process.  Tools used to explain the project for informed consent included a written form, a poster with cartoons (see below) and a poster with photographs.

Experts discuss livestock and livelihoods for Africa
Nearly 500 delegates converged in Nairobi on October 27 2014, to discuss Africa’s Animal Agriculture: Macro-trends and future opportunities. Meeting under the auspices of the 6th  All African Conference on Animal Agriculture, the delegates, comprising mainly of scientific researchers in different aspects of the agricultural field debated issues related to which way for smallholder production systems, market access opportunities for Africa’s livestock producers and Africa’s human capacity challenge for animal agriculture.

More from ILRI news….

Project news Curious pig in Uganda raised for sale

Curious pig in Uganda raised for sale

Uganda smallholder pigs project launches household nutrition and dietary surveys
The Smallholder Pig Value Chain Development project, which is implemented by ILRI and other partners in Uganda, conducted consumer nutrition and dietary surveys from September to November 2014 targeting 1000 households in five districts of Kampala, Masaka, Kamuli, Hoima and Lira.

CTA-ILRI African dairy value chain seminar closes with colourful results
The Technical Centre for Agriculture and Rural Cooperation ACP-EU (CTA) and ILRI organized an African dairy value chain seminar in September 2014 in Nairobi, Kenya. Around 80 participants came from all over Africa and beyond shared experiences, lessons learned, dairy value chain development models and analytical tools to study dairy value chains.

Beyond the (agricultural) field of vision: Situational analysis in northwest Vietnam
ILRI in collaboration with CGIAR and national partners and as part of the Humidtropics CGIAR Research Program has released ‘A situational analysis of agricultural production and marketing and natural resources management systems in northwest Vietnam’.

Cattle fattening in Gamogofa benefits from improved market linkages
Livestock commodity platform meetings organized by the Livestock and Irrigation Value Chains for Ethiopian Smallholders (LIVES) project identified the poorly developed cattle marketing system as the number one challenge in Gamogofa zone. The LIVES regional team facilitated the establishment of market linkages between smallholders cattle fatteners in intervention districts in Gamogofa with a consumers’ cooperative in Addis Ababa.

Media news  ILRI/Samuel Mungai).

Tree planting by Bright Rwamirama, Honourable State Minister for Animal Industry, Uganda Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries

Disease-resistant Napier grass for East African dairy farmers
A collaboration between ILRI, Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO) and the national research institutes of Uganda, Tanzania and Rwanda is researching on a disease resistant Napier grass variety that would be resistant to stunting disease and headsmuts and is expected to be available in the next three years.

Livestock insurance protects cattle-herders in Africa from drought
Over the past several years, ILRI, in collaboration with Cornell University and technical partners, has pursued a research program aimed at designing, developing and implementing insurance products to protect livestock keepers from drought-related asset losses. Using satellite imagery to assess the amount of forage available, Index-Based Livestock Insurance (IBLI) provides insured pastoralists with a pay-out in times of drought based on predicted rather than actual livestock deaths.

Linking smallholder dairy farmers to modern value chains that respond to increasing urban demands in Africa
Many Sub-Saharan African countries have, in general, seen their dairy industries take different development pathways. All over the continent, the challenges of collecting and adding value to milk from itinerant pastoral herds remain daunting. Some countries are net exporters of dairy products while others are net importers. Moreover, language barriers are another obstacle in connecting African dairy value chain stakeholders.

FAO joins with AU-IBAR and ILRI on regional strategy for the control of African swine fever in Africa
The African Union’s Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR), the FAO and ILRI have been collaborating since March 2013 to implement a regional strategy to control ASF in infected countries and to prevent its spread to non-infected countries. The strategy is based on collaboration and partnerships among farmers, traders, veterinary and animal production services, researchers, governments, civil society and development partners.

ILRI research project to address milk poisoning in Kenya
ILRI has commissioned a research project that will ascertain the levels of aflatoxins in the milk consumed in Kenya. Kenyans consume more than 145 litres of milk per person annually increasing the risks associated with milk-related aflatoxins.

CGIAR news-updates from research programs we work in
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Livestock and Fish program publishes a monitoring, evaluation and learning framework designed for research for development programs
The CGIAR research program on Livestock and Fish has just published its Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) framework. The framework provides a concise overview of the monitoring and evaluation (M&E) approach that the program will employ for accountability, management decision making and program learning.

Update on Livestock and Fish smallholder pigs value chain activities in Vietnam
On 25 and 26 September, ILRI staff and national partners met to review and plan activities to transform the smallholder pig value chain in Vietnam. The group were updated on the overall progress of the program; they reviewed and updated earlier work on impact pathways and they discussed ways to intensify collaboration and partnership. Additional attention was given to cross-cutting work on value chain development, scaling activities, gender, and environment.

Integrating gender equality concerns into the Livestock and Fish program
A team from the Royal Tropical Institute (KIT) has been commissioned to support the program integrate gender in its technical flagships and value chains. The starting point is the existing gender strategy that combines strategic and integrated gender research and identifies gender accommodative and gender transformative approaches.

Recent presentations Why invest in livestock-based options for livelihoods, healthy lives and a sustainable environment?

This presentation by Modibo Traore of FAO on Why invest in livestock -based options for livelihoods, healthy lives and sustainable environment? was presented at the ILRI @40 conference on livestock- based options for sustainability food and nutritional security, economic well-being and healthy lives, in Nairobi, Kenya on 1 October,2014.

Livestock innovation systems: Research contributions from ILRI over the decades

In this presentation, given at the Tropentag 2014 conference, Ann Waters-Bayer, a former ILRI researcher, looks back on research contributions from ILRI over the decades and her experiences of working with ILRI.

ILRI initiative seeks new-generation vaccines against major livestock diseases
This poster, prepared for the Tropentag 2014 conference, explains the work of the vaccine biosciences group at the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) which proposes to take advantage of rapid advances in biosciences and vaccine development to produce a new generation of vaccines for major livestock diseases such as African swine fever (ASF), contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP), East Coast fever (ECF), peste des petits ruminants (PPR) and Rift Valley fever (RVF).

More presentations

Recent publications



ILRI and livestock research in Asia – Synergy between technology and public policy is key
To mark 40 years international livestock research, Purvi Mehta (ILRI India) talks with Professor M.S. Swaminathan. He reflects on the reasons for the establishment of ILRI and its predecessors ILCA and ILRAD and he explains why livestock are important in India and South Asia. Referring to India’s dairy revolution, he says that ‘if you bring all the ingredients together – breeding to feeding to marketing, processing and selling, we can achieve very high growth rates.’

ILRI under the lens ILRI staff after attending the conference

ILRI staff after attending the conference at the ILRI@40 conference in Nairobi, 1 Oct 2014 (photo credit: ILRI/Paul Karaimu).

To mark 4o years, this issue  features  a collection of past  International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) directors.  View more of these photos here

Upcoming events

Nov 10 -14: BecA-ILRI Hub scientific research paper writing training workshop, ILRI, Nairobi campus
Nov 10 -14: 16th Asian Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies (AAAP) Congress, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Nov 11 -12: Africa RISING program learning event, Arusha, Tanzania
Nov 18 -20: International conference: Climate Change and Vector-Borne Diseases: Past, Present and Futures, Kigali, Rwanda
Nov 19 -21,: Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2), FAO, Rome
Nov 26-28: Celebrating FARA: Renewing, Repositioning and Refocusing, Johannesburg
Dec 8-12: Global Food Safety Partnership 3rd Annual Conference, Cape Town , South Africa

Staff updates

In September and October we welcomed the following staff:

  • Bridget Otieno, Finance
  • Nicholas Mwenda, ICT customer services officer, ICT
  • John Nyingi, Finance
  • Edwin Kimani Kang’ethe, project officer – mNutrition
  • Evalyne Njiiru, environment, occupational health and safety officer – research
  • Victor Gatimu, facilities technician, transport
  • Victoria Kyallo, project manager – urban zoo, Animal Biosciences Program
  • Mark Kapchanga Kwemoi, communication specialist, ReSAKKS
  • Asaah Ndambi, livestock scientist, LSE program
  • Raphael Mrode, quantitative geneticist – dairy cattle, Animal Biosciences Program

We said goodbye to

  • Lucy Wangari Macharia, compensation and benefits manager, People & Organizational Development
  • Cecilia Njeri Rumberia, laboratory technician, Animal Biosciences Program
  • Peter Koinange Kagiri, head mechanic, Operations, Kenya
  • Wilson Mwangi Kimani, research technician – Crops, BecA-ILRI Hub
  • Kenneth Oluoch Ouma, conferencing assistant, Conference and Housing
  • Tatjana Sitt, post-doctoral scientist
  • Bryn Elizabeth Davies, marketing and capacity development manager, IBLI

Filed under: ILRI, ILRIComms, Livestock, Research, Roundup Tagged: Livestock matters, Roundup

Northwest Vietnam situation analysis starting point for Humidtropics research in Central Mekong

Terraced rice fields in Northwest Vietnam

Terraced rice fields in Northwest Vietnam

The International Livestock Research Institute recently published a ‘situational analysis of agricultural production and marketing, and natural resources management systems in northwest Vietnam’ for the Humidtropics CGIAR research program.

The situation analysis is a starting point for the program’s work in one of the four geographical ‘Action Area Flagships’ where innovations are tested to meet the challenges of stakeholders. It paints a comprehensive and broad picture of the current systems that are key to tackling the problems faced in the target field sites.

For the northwest Vietnam action site, the report aims to characterize broadly all important system aspects that are relevant to the Program within the target Action Sites. It also harnesses the various partner skills and experiences to develop a common and shared understanding of the issues that need to be addressed and potential solutions, particularly between international and national partners, allowing local and global expertise to play complementary roles. Finally, it helps initiate and facilitate engagement with stakeholders and partners as part of the R4D platform development that is needed for the long-term success and scalability of the Program.

In the Central Mekong Action Area, Humidtropics focuses on concerns that emerged from stakeholder consultations during the program’s development.

First, there is low or decreased productivity of smallholder farmers who practice maize monocropping, grow potato and banana, engage in homestead production of livestock and vegetables, and other products.

Second, smallholder farmers in the region continue to have little access to markets and have relatively insignificant influence on value chains. This is mainly because farmers (including women and ethnic minorities) have little institutional power.

Third, total farm income remains relatively low. In addition, environmental impacts are increasing in areas where farming practices are intensifying to boost yields. High chemical inputs and unsustainable farming practices have contributed to land degradation, soil erosion, decreased soil fertility and loss of natural forest ecosystems, thereby increasing the vulnerability of poor people.

Finally, household characteristics such as income, education and asset ownership may not effectively influence household well-being due to gender disparities and cultural norms that influence decision-making at the household level.

Concentrating on the major farming systems in the Northwest Vietnam Action Site, Humidtropics research is considering potential interventions that have been developed during the early stakeholder consultations process, but will still be subjected to the evidence gathered. These include integrated livestock systems, improved tree–crop systems (e.g., ‘green rubber’, shade coffee and more), improved rice production systems, conservation agriculture and sustainable food crop/multicrop systems (e.g., improved cassava-based and banana-based systems, maize/agroforestry-based production), among others.

The Northwest Vietnam Action Site is part of the larger Central Mekong Action Area that comprises several parts of Vietnam, Lao PDR, Cambodia, Thailand, and China. It is considered part of the Green Triangle zone of mostly upland mixed systems occurring in northwest Vietnam and southern China.

Download the report

Filed under: Asia, CRP12, Farming Systems, Food security, Humid Tropics, ILRI, Livelihoods, Livestock, Livestock Systems, Markets, NRM, PTVC, Report, Research, Southeast Asia, Vietnam Tagged: humidtropics, Mekong

Livestock Matter(s): ILRI news ’roundup’ July-August 2014

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The July-August issue of ‘Livestock Matter(s)’ provides a round-up of livestock development news, publications, presentations, images and upcoming events from the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and its partners. Download a print version or sign up to get Livestock Matter(s) in your mailbox each month.

Corporate news To the grazing field, Afar, Ethiopia

Cattle going to the grazing field in Afar region, Ethiopia (photo credit: ILRI/Apollo Habtamu).

ILRI turns 40 – Join us at an ILRI@40 event!
In 2014, to mark 40 years of its international research, ILRI is facilitating a series of events that bring together global, regional and local actors in sustainable livestock development, including farmers, the public and private sectors and research and development agencies. The main event is a two-day high-level conference on ‘Livestock-based options for sustainable food and nutritional security, economic well-being and healthy lives’ in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 6-7 Nov 2014.

Gerardine Mukeshimana, BecA-ILRI Hub plant researcher, appointed minister of agriculture and animal resources in Rwanda
Gerardine Mukeshimana, a plant researcher working at the Biosciences eastern and central Africa-International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI) Hub in Nairobi, Kenya, was, in Jul 2014, appointed minister of agriculture and animal resources in Rwanda.

Scottish and Kenyan scientists in new alliance to improve animal breeding and health in developing countries
Challenges faced by livestock farmers in tropical developing countries are the focus of a new alliance involving researchers from Scotland and Africa. The University of Edinburgh and Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC) have joined forces with ILRI in Kenya to launch the Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics and Health, which will initially focus on the use of genetic information to improve the health and productivity of farmed animals in tropical climates.

New mobile project to tackle malnutrition in Africa and Asia
More than three million people in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia will soon be able to access nutrition and health information using mobile technology as part of a new project to help tackle malnutrition. The GSMA Mobile for Development Foundation has appointed a CABI-led consortium as the global content provider to the mNutrition initiative – a UK Department For International Development (DFID)-funded project. The consortium comprises CABI, BMJ, the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN), ILRI and Oxfam GB.


Project news Smallholder family and their sheep in Doyogena

Smallholder family and their sheep in Doyogena Doyogena, Ethiopia (photo credit: ILRI\Zerihun Sewunet)

Smallholder livestock production and greenhouse gases: getting the bigger picture in assessing the estimates
A paper published June by scientists from Wageningen University and ILRI explores how to account for multi-functionality within the life cycle assessment (LCA) method to assess the contribution of livestock production to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The study argues that farmers’ perspectives on cattle and their functions should always be taken into account when assessing the carbon footprints of mixed smallholder dairying.

New studies on MERS coronavirus and camels in eastern Africa published
A research group from the University of Bonn, in Germany and collaborators from ILRI and Kenyan partners have published new research in the science journal Emerging Infectious Diseases, which shows that camels in Egypt, Kenya, Somalia and Sudan have antibodies to the coronavirus that causes the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).

Dairying: A way out of poverty
For many poor households in Ethiopia, dairying is considered a powerful pathway out of poverty. The Livestock and Irrigation Value Chains for Ethiopian Smallholders (LIVES) project is facilitating market linkages between farmers, marketing cooperatives and large institutional milk consumers to help improve marketing of dairy products. LIVES is also testing improved dairy technologies such as simplified corn silage using plastic bags.

Lessons from research: Delivering results from FoodAfrica
Experts from different scientific fields and international research organizations shared their expertise on food and nutrition security at a FoodAfrica midterm seminar held at the University of Helsinki, Finland in June. Karen Marshall and Stanly Tebug shared experiences from the ILRI-led FoodAfrica programme ‘Senegal Dairy Genetics’.

Establishing a new joint lab for animal health research with China
The Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) and ILRI are working to establish a joint laboratory for research on ruminant diseases, building on a CAAS-ILRI joint laboratory on livestock and forage genetic resources in Beijing that was established in 2005. The new facility will be located in the Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute (LVRI) in China.

Mending our food systems: Upstream and downstream research must work together
Future food security will be achieved by exploiting the power of ‘new biosciences’. The new biosciences include genomics (the study of the structure, function, evolution and mapping of all the heritable traits of an organism), immunology and vaccinology (the science or methodology of vaccine bio-informatics. This advice to marry up- and downstream research was given by Iain Wright, the interim deputy director general for Integrated Sciences at ILRI in an interview published by International Innovation magazine in June 2014.

ILRI and CTA to host African dairy value chain seminar in September 2014 
On 21-24 September 2014, ILRI together with the Technical Centre for Agriculture and Rural Cooperation ACP-EU (CTA) will host an African Dairy Value Chain Seminar. The seminar organizers seek to build a discussion around gender issues, and specifically invite contributions on ‘policy-relevant experiences and tools that facilitate a gender-equitable participation of actors in the dairy value chain’. Contributions on policy-relevant experiences and tools that facilitate a gender-equitable participation of actors in the dairy value chain are welcomed.

ILRI food safety researchers present on health impacts of aflatoxins in animal-source foods
In August, as part of knowledge exchange on the latest research developments in the area of aflatoxins and food safety, Delia Grace and Johanna Lindahl, food safety researchers from ILRI, presented on ‘aflatoxins, animal health and the safety of animal-source foods’ at a virtual briefing organized by the Global Donor Platform for Rural Development, a network of 37 bilateral donors, multilateral agencies and international financing institutions working to reduce poverty and achieve sustainable rural development.

Filling the milk glass: East African farmers to gain from new recording device
ILRI researchers from the Dairy Genetics East Africa project and other partners have developed ‘Ng’ombe Planner’, a tool that will help in collecting farm productivity data by enabling farmers to enter their own records of livestock production activities. The mobile phone-based tool, which uses the Android, Java and USSD applications, will help farmers take charge of their own production recording and should lead to improved farm data collection.

ITM East Coast fever vaccine

East Coast fever vaccine being administered of a calf in Kenya (photo credit: ILRI/Stevie Mann).

A short history of the ‘live’ vaccine protecting Africa’s cattle against East Coast fever
On 2o and 21 August, scientists and directors of ILRI hosted a two-day meeting with GALVmed and other stakeholders (researchers, vaccinators, distributors, regulators) involved in the production and deployment of a ‘live’ vaccine that protects cattle in Africa against East Coast fever.

Maize stover: A potential green fodder in Ethiopia
Maize is a major food crop in the lowlands and mid-highlands of Ethiopia, but its stover is not utilized efficiently as animal feed, particularly in rain-fed maize production systems. The Livestock and Irrigation Value Chains for Ethiopian Smallholders (LIVES) Project is supporting farmer groups in Ethiopia to start fodder processing and conservation businesses.

New ILRI report assesses risk of Ebola in Uganda’s pig value chain
In July scientists from ILRI have published a report of a risk assessment to determine the threat of the deadly Ebola virus in the pig value chain in Uganda.

Land pressure drives hunt for resilient livestock genes in East Africa, world congress told
Scientists from ILRI presented various papers from on-going livestock genetics research at the 10th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production held in Vancouver, BC, Canada, on 17-22 August 2014.

Media news Muungano Makaror farming group in Wajir East feeding their Goats with fodder harvested from their farm

Muungano Makaror farming group in Wajir East feeding their Goats with fodder harvested from their farm (photo credit: ILRI/Dorine Odongo).

EU pledges Sh20b for livestock development in 23 arid Kenyan counties
The European Union (EU) has pledged to channel over Ksh20 billion (USD 226 million) to 23 counties situated in arid and semi-arid lands ( ASAL) areas for livestock development, to address food insecurity. The initiative has partially funded two livestock markets in East Pokot and Baringo County. The money was released by the EU, ILRI and Netherlands Development Organisation (SNV).

Mapping the web of disease in Nairobi’s invisible city
Scientists from ILRI and the University of Nairobi are carrying out research, in Nairobi’s informal settlements, that is searching for pathogens such as Escherichia coli, Campylobacter and Salmonella in the food chain. This is part an international study that is seeks to understand the origin and spread of zoonotic pathogens that can spread from animals to humans.

Guardian article highlights success of volunteer farmer trainers in East Africa dairy project
In August, the Guardian’s farming and food security hub published an article on how the East Africa Dairy Development (EADD) project is successfully working with volunteer farmer trainers to improve milk production in East Africa.

African Livestock Futures: Realizing the potential of livestock for food security, poverty reduction and the environment in Sub-Saharan Africa
‘The African Livestock Futures Study investigating plausible trajectories for African livestock up to 2050′, indicates potential for growth in livestock production and demand in Africa, contributing greatly to wealth, employment, economic growth as well as to the resilience and productivity of producers’ livelihoods, and to the food security, nutrition and sustainable development of all.

CGIAR news-updates from research programs we work in

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Update on ‘Maziwa Zaidi’ — Tanzania dairy value chain development program
On 25 and 26 June, partners in the Tanzania dairy value chain development projects met to develop a strategy and implementation plan for the coming years.

Arguing the case for massive investments in ‘One Health’ 
A recently published paper by Delia Grace, a veterinary epidemiologist and food safety expert at ILRI, outlines a pathway to develop the business case for One Health, which can transform the management of neglected and emerging zoonoses, annually saving the lives of millions of people as well as hundreds of millions of animals whose production supports and nourishes billions of poor people.

Research to influence policy: Taking dryland ecosystems research beyond the shelves
Lance Robinson, an environmental governance and resilience scientist at ILRI recently produced a policy brief in a collaborative process that involved working with seven selected stakeholders from the natural resource management sector in Kenya. The four-page policy brief ‘Framework for natural resource governance in dryland landscapes in Kenya: Making ecosystem-based management a reality’, shares key policy options for governance of ecosystems in the drylands of Kenya based on a case study of an assessment of the Mt Marsabit ecosystem in northern Kenya

ACIAR newsletter highlights ILRI project on risk assessment for improved food safety in Vietnam
The July issue of Partners magazine, the flagship publication of the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), features an article on an ACIAR-funded project led by ILRI that uses a risk assessment approach towards improving the safety of pig and pork value chains in Vietnam.

Gender flagship achievements in the Ethiopia small ruminants value chain
At the Ethiopia small ruminants value chain strategy and implementation planning workshop held on 13-14 June at the ILRI Addis Ababa campus, the gender flagship theme of the Livestock and Fish CGIAR Research Program reviewed the past year’s achievements and future plans.

Recommendation for accessing finance for livestock and dairy value chains in developing countries
In July an ILRI organized discussion at the Fin4Ag Conference in Nairobi gave recommendation for increasing access to financial products and services relevant to livestock and dairy value chains in African-Carribbean-Pacific countries. Recommendations included developing  capacities in technical and managerial practices for farmers and SMEs; understanding the complexity of local livestock chain contexts for service providers, financial actors and policymakers and identifying credible spaces in which to gather relevant information on the value chain.

ILRI gives ‘one health’ training to support pig health project in the Philippines
On 30-31 July, Fred Unger, a veterinary epidemiologist and Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM) expert with ILRI, visited the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCAARRD) project site in Pampanga, Philippines and served as a resource speaker for a ‘seminar on ecohealth and one health’.

Nicaragua’s dual-purpose cattle value chain: Strategy and implementation planning workshop
On August 5 and 6, 2014, the Livestock and Fish team conducted a Livestock and Fish Strategy and Implementation Planning Workshop for the Dual-Purpose Cattle Value Chain (DPVC) in Managua, Nicaragua.

Knowledge clearinghouse gives research methods and best practices on value chain performance
Value chain development and assessment is at the heart of the livestock and fish research program. In the past three years, a useful collaboration has been created with the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM) to develop, test and refine various tools a and approaches to our value chain work.

Living from milk: Dairy innovation platform experiences from Tanzania
In recent years the Program in Tanzania – focused on dairy development – is linking up with different local and national stakeholders. One of the most promising partnerships has been with the Tanga Dairy Platform. To learn from the platform’s experiences, we recently produced three photo films telling stories from platform stakeholders.

Update on Ethiopia small ruminant value chain development program
On 13 and 14 June, partners in the Ethiopia sheep and goats value chain development projects met to develop a strategy and implementation plan for the coming years. Barbara Rischkowsky, ICARDA value chain leader gave an update of progress so far in the value chain development program.

Burkina Faso strategic implementation planning workshop collects stakeholder inputs
On 14 and 15 July, ILRI staff and partners in the Burkina Faso small ruminant value chain project met to develop programmatic and operational elements of a strategic implementation plan for the Livestock and Fish program.

Recent presentations

In this edition we feature a presentation by Vish Nene on ‘East Coast fever-outlook for a new vaccine presented at a workshop on the distribution, delivery and improvement of the infection and treatment method vaccine for East Coast fever.

Recent publications Multimedia

Living from milk: Transforming dairying in Tanzania; This 3:47-minute film tells the story of Faustina Akyoo, a dairy farmer from Tanga in Tanzania, who talks about the benefits of dairying and being a member of the Tanga Dairy Platform.

ILRI under the lens  Ankole horns

Ankole cow at the ILRI farm in Nairobi (photo credit: ILRI/Paul Karaimu).

This issue features photos of the  ILRI Nairobi campus farm.

Upcoming events Staff updates

In July and August we welcomed the following staff:

  • Mwansa Songe, epidemiologist/ food safety expert, Food Safety and Zoonoses Program
  • Victor Riitho, post doc molecular immunologist, Biosciences Program
  • Amos Ssematimba, scientist – mathematical modelling, Biosciences Program,
  • Kindu Mekonnen, crop livestock systems scientist, Africa RISING Program
  • Theodore Knight-Jones, epidemiologist/ food safety expert, Food Safety and Zoonoses Program
  • Julius Osaso, diagnostic platform manager, BecA-ILRI Hub
  • Everlyne Nyakundi, refrigeration and air conditioning technician, Engineering
  • George Kikoyo, program accountant, Livestock Systems and Environment Program
  • Dorine Odongo, communications and knowledge management specialist, Livestock Systems and Environment/Livelihoods, Gender and Innovation Program
  • Silas Ongudi, research assistant, Policy, Trade and Value Chains Program
  • Violet Barasa, research technician, Gender, Livelihoods, Gender, and Innovation Program
  • Millicent Liani, research technician, Gender, Livelihoods, Gender, and Innovation Program
  • Solomon Mutua, communications assistant, Livestock Systems and Environment Program
  • Elijah Mwaura, research technician, Livelihoods, Gender, and Innovation Program
  • Caroline Kanyuuru, research technician, Livelihoods, Gender, and Innovation Program
  • Elvira Omondi, Program Management Officer, Biosciences

We said goodbye to

  • Margaret MacDonald-Levy, , People and Organizational Development
  • Suzanne Bertrand, Biosciences
  • Caroline Kasyoka Nzui, ICT
  • Anne Awino Odhiambo, People and Organizational Development
  • Jeridah Kwamboka Sinange, EOHS
  • Robert Ilmedimi Lechipan, Finance
  • Rose Nduta Mute, Finance
  • John Ajode Juma, Finance
  • Albert Mwangi, Bio-Innovate Program
  • Nixon Bandi Witere, Finance

Filed under: ILRI, ILRIComms, Livestock Tagged: Livestock matters, Roundup

New analyses highlight the extent of livestock production in Africa’s drylands

Typical Abergelle goat with long horns

Typical long-horned goats of Abergelle Amhara, Ethiopia (photo credit: ILRI/Zerihun Sewunet).

‘Quantitative information on the importance of livestock systems in African drylands is scarce. A new study by Tim Robinson, of the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), and Giulia Conchedda, of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), helps to redress this. The study is a contribution to a World Bank background paper, Africa Drylands Study: The Economics of Resilience of Livestock in the African Drylands (forthcoming in 2014). . . .

‘These new analyses highlight the extent of livestock production in the drylands of Africa. In addition, livestock numbers and densities across the continent and by focus country are presented for the four major groups of ruminant livestock—cattle, camels, sheep and goats—differentiated by aridity index zone and production system. These findings, updated with new datasets and revised modeling techniques, demonstrate the disproportionately high numbers of livestock in Africa’s drylands. Three-quarters of all tropical livestock units on the continent occur in these drylands rather than humid and other ecological zones.

‘Finally, estimates of the numbers of rural poor and poor rural livestock keepers are presented for the aridity index-derived production systems in each of the focus countries. These estimates demonstrate that Africa’s vulnerable rural populations are concentrated in the continent’s great drylands. . . .’

Read the full post on the CGIAR Development Dialogues blog

Filed under: Africa, Animal Products, Burkina Faso, Chad, Drylands, East Africa, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Geodata, ILRI, Kenya, Livestock, LSE, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Pastoralism, Pro-Poor Livestock, Report, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, West Africa Tagged: CGIAR_DD, Djibouti, FAO, Giulia Conchedda, Mauritania, South Sudan, Tim Robinson, World Bank

African drylands: Livestock demand and supply

Village women and livestock in Niger

Village women and livestock in Niger (photo credit: ILRI/Stevie Mann).

‘A key function of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization is to estimate food security across the world. These estimates are published each year as the State of Food Insecurity in the World reports. The number of under-nourished people is re-evaluated annually using a food balance sheet approach. For a broad group of crops and livestock commodities, national estimates of the food available for human consumption are made.

‘ILRI’s Tim Robinson and colleagues believe these estimates present the possibility of mapping the changing demand for livestock products and also the associated changes in production that will be required to meet future demand. . . .

‘This study is a contribution to a World Bank background paper, Africa Drylands Study: The Economics of Resilience of Livestock in the African Drylands (forthcoming in 2014). . . .’

Read the full post on the CGIAR Development Dialogues blog


Filed under: Africa, Animal Products, Burkina Faso, Chad, Drylands, East Africa, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Geodata, ILRI, Kenya, Livestock, LSE, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Pastoralism, Pro-Poor Livestock, Report, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, West Africa Tagged: CGIAR_DD, Djibouti, Mauritania, South Sudan, Tim Robinson, World Bank

Smallholders and the livestock revolution

Goats being herded near a water point in Wajir, northern Kenya (photo credit: Riccardo Gangale).

‘Livestock production in smallholder systems exists throughout the developing world in a great variety of forms. Farm animals contribute considerably to the livelihood strategies of the poor and can be an important source of income.

‘Livestock keeping can also make a vital contribution to household food and nutritional security. The value of production of different livestock species in different production systems varies considerably. Due to a range of constraints, most small-scale livestock keepers are operating at levels of productivity well below their potential. Livestock investment must consider the positioning of small-scale livestock producers within the whole value chain.

‘Research shows the developing world undergoing a ‘livestock revolution’ characterized by accelerating demand for livestock products due to increasing populations and incomes. This livestock revolution is creating new opportunities for rural producers to participate in income-generating livestock enterprises. Two regions that experts regard as the most critical for reaching the poorest are sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. . . .

‘Five livestock value chains have the most pro-poor promise: South Asia dairy, East Africa dairy, West Africa small ruminant meat, West Africa beef, Southern Africa small ruminant meat. . . .’

These facts and figures are taken from a synthesis prepared by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) for the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation on livestock as instruments of poverty alleviation and well-being: Targeting strategic investment in livestock development as a vehicle for rural livelihoods: BMGF-ILRI project on Livestock Knowledge Generation, ILRI, Oct 2009).

Read the full post on the CGIAR Development Dialogues blog

Filed under: Africa, ILRI, Knowledge and Information, Livestock, MarketOpps, Pro-Poor Livestock, PTVC, Report, South Asia, Value Chains Tagged: BMGF, CGIAR_DD, Steve Staal

Investing in Africa’s livestock sector

Africa’s consumption of animal protein is skyrocketing. Most rural households are poor and keep livestock. Africa’s growth in demand for animal protein can provide major business opportunities and also greatly reduce poverty.

Only 5-20% of Africa’s livestock keepers are business-oriented, with incentives to tap into the growing market for animal protein. The remainder keep animals more for the many livelihoods services they provide—e.g. insurance, manure, ploughing, transport—than for selling meat, milk and other products in the market.

Policies and investments should target both livelihood-oriented and business-oriented livestock keepers.

Read the full post on the CGIAR Development Dialogues blog

Filed under: Africa, CRP2, ILRI, Livestock, Policy, PTVC Tagged: CGIAR_DD

Livestock science requires an interdisciplinary approach — Iain Wright

Iain Wright Before taking up his new role as interim deputy director general for Integrated Sciences, Iain Wright of the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) was interviewed by the magazine ‘International Innovation’ on his views on international livestock research.

We re-print the article below (download the electronic version), Feel free to comment.


Recognising that complex challenges within livestock science require an interdisciplinary approach, Iain Wright describes the importance of investing in ‘upstream’ and applied research to increase food security and reduce poverty.


With over 30 years’ experience in conducting and managing R&D, how does your background assist in your current roles?

My first degree was in Agriculture and I have always been glad I studied this field! Agriculture covers both biological and socioeconomic disciplines and so, in addition to biology, I have an understanding of economics, farming systems and business management. I later moved into research management, which equipped me with the skills to build and manage multidisciplinary teams. I have always been interested in livestock, having been brought up on a mixed crop-livestock farm in Scotland. It was therefore natural that my PhD was in Livestock Nutrition, and my early research career focused on beef cattle nutrition in Scotland. My research interests have continually evolved. Initially I investigated the effects of nutrition on cattle reproduction, including basic research on how nutrition affects reproductive endocrinology, grazing systems and their effect on biodiversity, and the ways in which policy influences livestock systems. In the early 1990s I started collaborating with researchers across Europe, which gave me a broader understanding of European livestock and farming systems, and from 1997 I worked on research projects in Central and South Asia.

Is there a memory from this time that particularly stands out?

One of the defining moments of my career was my first visit to Central Asia where I worked on a UK-funded research project in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. The Soviet Union had recently broken up and the Central Asia Republics had become independent. I was brought into the project as the ‘livestock expert’ but soon realised that my technical livestock expertise was not relevant. The immediate research challenges were economic, social and political, caused by the dramatic, simultaneous collapse of these systems.

This highlighted the importance of setting research in a sociopolitical context and the need for an interdisciplinary approach to solve the complex problems of agricultural research for development. Over the years I have worked in Europe, Asia and Africa, managing a number of multidisciplinary research teams. I was also the Business Development Manager of a research institute in the UK and CEO of a small consultancy company, from which I gained business skills I find very useful as a research manager.

How do you effectively balance your time across your different positions?

This can be a challenge! As a director and member of the senior management team, I spend about 20 per cent of my time on institutional issues. Another 20 per cent is devoted to representing the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) in Ethiopia and to heading our campus in its capital, Addis Ababa, which has over 200 staff. Finally, about 60 per cent of my time is dedicated to leading the Animal Science for Sustainable Productivity programme, which counts 110 staff and has an annual budget of US $17 million.

Therefore, I have to prioritise how I divide my time and try to deal only with things that require my attention. I don’t micro-manage and I delegate authority and responsibility to the lowest level possible. Over the years, I have learned that this tends to lead to more efficient decision making and sensible use of resources, provided the necessary processes, procedures and checks are in place. Delegating authority also means sharing responsibility and I expect my staff to take full responsibility for the consequences of their decisions.

What are the priority research areas at ILRI, and to what extent do you help coordinate associated actions?

The priority for ILRI’s research is to maximise livestock productivity to increase food security and reduce poverty in a way that does not harm the environment or human health. We need to invest more in what we call ‘upstream research’. This means harnessing the power of new biosciences such as genomics, immunology, vaccinology, etc. to develop novel approaches that improve animal health, breeding and genetics, and carrying out applied biological and socioeconomic research. As the manager of an applied research programme working on animal health, breeding and feeding and livestock systems, I play a key role in ensuring that the links between the upstream and applied research are in place, and that scientists from different fields work together.

Could you describe the negative impacts of livestock on the environment?

There is a lot of negative press about livestock, but much of the criticism is the result of gross generalisations. Many argue that we should stop raising livestock because they harm the environment. Yet people don’t argue in the same way about banning cars. The answer is to reduce the environmental impact of livestock by making their systems more efficient, in the same way as car manufacturers are making their vehicles more efficient. There are certainly negative environmental impacts of livestock, from intense water use to the emission of greenhouse gases, but not all livestock systems are the same. If, for example, we removed all livestock from the rangelands of the world, which cover almost one-third of the land surface, recent research suggests that greenhouse gas emissions from other species, including insects, would replace that produced from livestock. So when people say livestock harm the environment, we have to ask the question: compared to what?

We are also obtaining new data to suggest that the ability of rangelands to capture carbon may in fact be greater than the emissions from these systems. If we did remove livestock from the rangelands we would also plunge millions of people into poverty and probably starvation.

Applied research helps to:

  • Enhance understanding of the livestock systems that need improving
  • Tailor new approaches to different systems and contexts to understand what is likely to work where, when and how
  • Ensure that the interactions of livestock with the environment and human health are taken into account
  • Improve understanding of livestock-social interactions, such as gender implications


How can the system be made more efficient?

One key way to reduce the environmental footprint of livestock is to increase productivity per animal through better feeding, breeding and health. The higher the level of productivity per animal (ie. Greater yield) the lower the environmental impact per kilogram of meat or milk produced and the same amount of product can be produced from fewer animals. This is a key element of reducing the negative impacts of livestock. It also increases global food supply and income for farmers.

ILRI’s 2013-22 strategy aims to provide livestock research for improved food security and poverty reduction. Does it differ from previous initiatives?

The strategy is an evolution of what ILRI has been doing for many years. One of the main differences from our previous initiatives is that our 2013-22 strategy explicitly commits ILRI to influencing decision makers – from farms to boardrooms and parliaments. By this we mean we will provide compelling scientific evidence that smarter policies and bigger livestock investments can deliver significant socioeconomic, health and environmental dividends to poor nations and households.

With whom are you collaborating, both nationally and internationally, to conduct your research?

We collaborate with many different partners. We work with research institutes and universities in developed countries, tapping into cutting edge research areas such as animal genetics. We work very closely with our sister CGIAR (formerly the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research) Centres though the CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs) and with national research institutes and universities in the 20+ countries in which we work.

Over the past five years, we have been working more closely with development organisations such as NGOs and government ministries and agencies for a number of reasons. Firstly, it provides a route through which our research findings can be taken up by a much wider group of organisations and reach large numbers of farmers and others involved in the livestock sector. Secondly, this collaboration helps us to focus on problems that are important on the ground, and we can work with our R&D partners to co-develop solutions. We will need to work more closely with the private sector in the future as it is becoming more important in delivering inputs and services to livestock keepers in developing countries and in the marketing of higher volumes of animal products.

Where do you foresee the next developments occurring?

The livestock sector offers significant opportunities for applying new bioscience technologies to help solve the challenges of increasing food production. For example, new approaches are being developed for the production of vaccines for diseases that kill animals or reduce production by their millions, and there may be ways of altering the genetic makeup of animals without using genetic modification techniques.

Three examples of achievements based on ILRI’s research:

  • New policies in Kenya regulate the activities of approximately 30,000 small-scale milk vendors who formerly operated illegally due to concerns over safety of the unpasteurised milk that they supply. The revised policy allows these traders to operate more efficiently, at a larger scale, and thus significantly reduces transaction costs. Estimates of annual benefits to the Kenyan economy are approximately US $33.5 million, with nearly half of that accruing to producers, many of whom are women.
  • New varieties of crops have been bred not only for increased grain yield but also for improved nutritive value of the crop residues (straw and stover) that are fed to animals. For example, new varieties of sorghum and groundnut have been released in India that lead to improved animal performance when the crop residues are fed to livestock, without affecting grain yield.
  • ILRI’s research on the impact of classical swine fever, especially in North East India, provided evidence resulting in the Government of India declaring a national program for the control of the disease.

However, these technologies will not be of benefit unless we understand where and how they can be applied and so we will continue to invest in research on understanding the livestock systems we are targeting and on the delivery mechanisms through which they can reach farmers (though national extension systems, development programmes and the private sector). Training and capacity building will be a key element. We need to ensure that we increase agricultural productivity in a way that is sustainable from environmental and socioeconomic perspectives.

Further to this, what are your hopes for the future of your research?

The past three to four years have seen a resurgence in political interest in agricultural R&D, prompted by the food crisis in 2008 when the price of many food commodities significantly increased and there was political disturbance in some countries. Global leaders suddenly realised that food security could not be taken for granted and that there had been gross underinvestment in agricultural development for the previous 20 years. We have now seen a large increase in agricultural spending – the CGIAR annual budget has grown from $500 million to $1 billion – which is critical to feeding a global population that will have reached over 9 billion people by 2050. I hope the political commitment to support this effort will persist.

I have always been an applied scientist and it is important to me that the results of research have impact on the ground. This was as true when I was a young postdoctoral scientist in Scotland as it is today. I am proud of the fact that some of my research in the 1980s on beef cow nutrition formed the basis for much of the material that was produced by the advisory services in the UK. I hope that the research we carry out in ILRI today and in years to come will improve the lives of poor livestock keepers in developing countries. We not only owe it to the taxpayers in the West who fund our research but, more importantly, to the millions of poor people who depend on livestock for their livelihoods.

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Filed under: ILRI, Integrated Sciences, Livestock, Research

Livestock Matter(s): ILRI news ’roundup’ May-June 2014

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The May-June issue of ‘Livestock Matter(s)’ provides a round-up of livestock development news, publications, presentations,images, and upcoming events from the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and its partners. Download a print version or sign up to get Livestock Matter(s) in your mailbox each month.

Corporate news  Amos Omore, Hon Titus Mlenga and Jimmy Smith

Amos Omore, Hon Titus Mlenga and Jimmy Smith at the official opening of the ILRI-Tanzania office in Dar es Salaam (photo credit: ILRI/Paul Karaimu).

ILRI-Tanzania country office opens in Dar es Salaam The Minister for Livestock and Fisheries Development in Tanzania, Hon Titus Mlengeya (MP), officially opened the ILRI-Tanzania country office on Friday 13 Jun 2014 in Dar es Salaam at a reception hosted by ILRI and the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA).

Livestock minister emphasizes fish farming at ILRI-Tanzania office opening
ILRI has been requested to work more closely with Tanzanian research institutions to develop appropriate technologies for fish farming and to raise the profile of fish farming in the country. Hon Titus Mlengeya (MP), the Minister for Livestock and Fisheries Development in Tanzania, made the request at the official opening of the ILRI-Tanzania office on 13 Jun 2014 in Dar es Salaam.

New maps for navigating a sea of changes in livestock production
A collaborative effort by some of the world’s leading agriculture experts has produced a new set of maps published today in the journal PLoS ONE that provides the most detailed rendition ever produced of the billions of cattle, pigs, poultry and other livestock living in the world today.

Project news Crop residue for fuel wood and fattening (IPMS-Mi'eso)

Crop residue for fuel wood and fattening (IPMS-Mi’eso) Mieso, Mirab Hararghe Zone of the Oromia Region, Ethiopia (photo credit: ILRI/Apollo Habtamu).

Tomatoes and onions changing livelihoods in Ethiopia
In June, the Livestock and Irrigation Value chains for Ethiopian Smallholders (LIVES) project organized a field day to visit farmers who have improved production techniques of irrigated tomato and onion in Arba Minch town in the Gamo Gofa region.

Gates-funded East African Dairy Development project expands into Tanzania
Earlier this year, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation provided a grant of USD25.5 million to boost dairy technology uptake in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Given through Heifer International, the grant is being used to implement technology projects under the East African Dairy Development (EADD) project, which aims to support 179,000 families living on 1–5 acre plots and keeping a few dairy cows.

ILRI’s Alessandra Galiè publishes a chapter in a new feminist evaluation and research book
What does feminist theory and evaluation entail? How can it be used to inform agricultural research for development, and how different (or similar) is it from gender research? Alessandra Galiè, a gender scientist at ILRI, contributes a chapter in a new book, Feminist evaluation and research: theory and practice, published by Guilford Press, which seeks to answer these questions.

ILRI/Makerere postdoctoral scientist awarded TWAS-DFG cooperation visit to Germany
Joseph Erume, a researcher at Makerere University, has been awarded a three-month cooperation visit to the Friedrich Loeffler Institute (FLI) in Jena, Germany, starting 10 Jun 2014. Through this visit, he will continue his research work on seroprevalence and molecular characterization of Brucella suis in pigs in central Uganda which he started under the Safe Food, Fair Food and Smallholder Pig Value Chains Development projects.

Broadening Africa RISING work in Zambia
The Africa Bureau of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is providing support to Africa RISING (funded by the USAID Bureau for Food Security) for a study that advances the understanding of the landscape-level implications of farm-level sustainable intensification activities in Zambia. This study will inform the design of future integrated projects that address food security, climate change and biodiversity issues.

New study shows that waterbucks are an important source of tick-borne diseases of livestock
A recent study has found that wildlife are an important source of tick-borne diseases of livestock, with 70% of emerging pathogens originating from wildlife. The study found evidence of previously unknown parasite genotypes that may be infective to both small ruminants and equids (horses). Climate change could fuel the spread of such pathogens through the spread of their tick vector, further impacting livestock production.

Generating and sharing more and better data critical to determine resilience in drylands
At the recent ‘2020 resilience’ event in Addis Ababa, scientists from ILRI organized a side event on ‘measuring and evaluating resilience in drylands of East Africa.’ Panelists from ILRI and the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) shared findings on ways to measure and evaluate resilience.

Vaccinology in Africa: Five-day Master’s level course open for applications from East and Central Africa
The next ‘Vaccinology in Africa Master’s Level Course’ will take place 13-17 Oct 2014 at ILRI in Nairobi, Kenya. The course is jointly organized by the Jenner Institute, University of Oxford, the Fondation Mérieux, and ILRI with financial support from the Jenner Vaccine Foundation, Fondation Mérieux, GlaxoSmithKline, and other funders.

Assessing societal changes from changing dairy value chains in Sahelian pastoral communities
Scientists at ILRI reported on preliminary findings from Senegal, where ILRI and its partners are measuring the social impacts of dairy supply chain innovation in pastoralist societies of the Sahel.

Genetic diversity studies: Improving goat productivity, improving farmers’ lives in Ethiopia
The most significant part of research is the point at which the output transforms the lives of those for whom it is intended. When Tilahun Seyoum, a smallholder livestock farmer in the Oromia region of Ethiopia, learnt basic principles of goat breeding and health management from a group of researchers, his approach to goat farming completely changed.

Safe Food, Fair Food project trains Tanzanian students and lab technicians on milk quality testing
Four university students and three laboratory technicians from Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA) in Morogoro and Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre in Moshi, Tanzania, successfully completed a week-long training workshop, held at SUA, on microbiological assessment of milk quality and safety.

Media news SLP field trip boy feeding goats

The SLP crop residues project field trip to Ginchi in Ethiopia, 11 December 2010. Photo Credit: ILRI/Gerard

£3.6m to improve health and farming in Kenya
ILRI is one of the partners in a new £3.6m research project led by the University of Liverpool aimed at reducing the incidence of diseases transmitted between people and livestock in western Kenya. The Zoonoses in Livestock in Kenya project (ZooLinK ) will train veterinary and medical technicians to monitor farms, markets and slaughterhouses. Other partners in the project include the University of Edinburgh, the Royal Veterinary College, the University of Nottingham, the Kenya Medical Research Institute, the University of Nairobi and the Kenya Government Zoonotic Disease Unit.

Study reveals conditions linked to deadly bird flu and maps areas at risks
A dangerous strain of avian influenza, H7N9, that’s causing severe illness and deaths in China may be inhabiting a small fraction of its potential range and appears at risk of spreading to other suitable areas of India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Indonesia and the Philippines, according to a new study published today in the journal Nature Communications. Researchers from the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), ILRI, Oxford University, and the Chinese Center of Disease Control and Prevention has found that the emergence and spread of the disease is linked to high concentration of markets catering to a consumer preference for live birds and does not appear related to China’s growing number of intensive commercial poultry operations.

Rising star uses paper to tackle food-borne diseases
A University of Alberta researcher, Frédérique Deiss, who developed an idea to detect deadly pathogens in food using a paper device, will be working with farmers near Nairobi, Kenya, in collaboration with ILRI, to develop and test a prototype that provides an affordable method for detecting pathogens such as salmonella or E. coli, which can be present in raw milk, on equipment, or in water or waste water.

More ILRI news….

CGIAR news-updates from research programs we work in

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A meeting of minds – Livestock and Fish program kicks off collaboration with SNV
Following the recent signing of a memorandum of understanding between ILRI and SNV Netherlands Development Organisation, staff from SNV’s global Dairy and Extensive Livestock Commodity Teams met in Nairobi on 27 May 2014 with scientists from ILRI and the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).

African talent feeding African markets with African products: Global food and agribusiness meeting hears of ‘livestock value chains’ in Africa
Earlier this month, three agricultural economists working with ILRI made presentations at the World Forum of the International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IFAMA) in Cape Town, South Africa, 16–19 Jun 2014. They presented case studies that show that by training farmers, processors and other stakeholders supporting agribusiness development, African talent can create new products and innovative processes that help feed African markets with African products.

PIM Impact Story: Volunteer farmer trainers change the way we think about extension
How most efficiently to help farming men and women access information and advice they need to be more effective managers of their enterprises is a puzzle not yet solved. Work led by the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) and ILRI shows that volunteer farmer trainers (VFTs) can be effective agents of change. The results of the studies indicate that VFTs are highly effective, training on average 20 farmers per month. VFTs have an in-depth knowledge of local conditions, culture, and practices; they live in the community, speak the same language, and instill confidence in their fellow farmers, which explains this good performance. VFTs require effective back-up from more fully trained extension agents or subject-matter specialists.

Livestock and Fish 2013 report highlights progress
The Livestock and Fish program’s second annual ‘performance monitoring report’ provides insights into its progress, results and challenges in the past year.

Aflatoxins in Kenya’s food chain: Overview of what researchers are doing to combat the threat to public health
Jimmy Smith, director general of ILRI, made the following remarks at a media roundtable ILRI held late last year (14 Nov 2013) on the subject of aflatoxins in the food chain and what research is doing to combat their presence in developing countries.

ILRI scientists present at international conference on building resilience for food and nutrition security
On 15-17 May 2014, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) held an international conference in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on building resilience for food and nutrition security. ILRI researchers joined the over 700 participants and decision-makers at the meeting who discussed, among other topics, food safety in informal markets.

Recent presentations

In this edition we feature a presentation by Jonathan Davies, Lance W. Robinson and Polly J. Ericksen on ‘Resilience and sustainable development: Insights from the drylands of eastern Africa’, presented at the Third International Science and Policy Conference on the Resilience of Social and Ecological Systems, Montpellier, France, 4-8 May 2014

Recent publications



Cows in the city: A living from milk ; This film tells the story of Sheha Saidi, a dairy farmer from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, who shares her experiences of the differences between keeping dairy cattle in the city compared to keeping animals in the rural area of Pongwe, Tanga, where her sister lives and keeps dairy cows.

ILRI under the lens  Tree planting

Hon Titus Mlengeya, Tanzania’s minister for livestock and fisheries development, plants a tree to mark official opening the ILRI-Tanzania office in Dar es Salaam on 13 Jun 2014 (photo credit: ILRI/Paul Karaimu).

This month we feature photos of the official opening of the ILRI Tanzania office. Read more on this event here.


 Upcoming events


Staff updates

In May and June we welcomed the following staff:

  • Patricia Chale, director, people and organizational development
  • Gail Amare, head of administration, Addis Ababa
  • Anandan Samireddypalle, livestock nutritionist, Kenya
  • Wellington Ndukwe Ekaya, capacity building support
  • Immaculate Omondi, monitoring, learning and evaluation scientist
  • Esther Mukoya, HRIS engineer
  • Fredrick Gathogo, Internal auditor
  • Stanley Irungu, Office assistant, Livestock Systems and Environment Program
  • Leonard Mulei, Research technician- ReSAKSS
  • Collins Mutai, research technician- BecA-ILRI Hub
  • Dalmas Ngere, general lab assistant, BecA-ILRI Hub
  • Patrick Muinde, research technician, Animal Biosciences Program
  • Maurice Murungi, research technician, Animal Biosciences Program
  • Mary Wambugu, technical support coordinator, BecA-ILRI hub
  • Muthoni Mucheru, legal officer
  • Vallerie Muckoya, analytical chemist, Livestock Systems and Environment Program
  • Emmanuel Muunda, research assistant, Food Safety and Zoonosis Program
  • Evalyne Njiiri, research technician, Food Safety and Zoonosis Program
  • Titus Kathurima, research technician, BecA-ILRI Hub
  • Edwin Mainye, audio visual technician, ICT
  • Gideon Ndambuki, animal technician, Animal Biosciences
  • Peter Muchira, business systems administrator
  • Anne Kabuthu, finance consultant, Ethiopia
  • Bruck Tassew, business systems specialist
  • Abdella Mulugeta, customer service junior technician
  • Abebaw Melakneh, driver, LIVES) Pproject
  • Eyob Assefa, accountant – budget & hosted institutes
  • Eleni Tadege, liaison helpdesk assistant
  • Dinkayehu Wolde, driver, Africa RISING
  • Wossenu Tefera, driver, Africa RISING
  • Kagnew Kassahun, Driver, Africa RISING
  • Behailu Gebeyehu, accountant – property and inventory
  • Selam Seifu, procurement and logistics assistant
  • Simret Yemane, administrative assistant, N2 Africa
  • Tadios Tekalign, senior human resources assistant, People and Organizational Development
  • Henok Abiye, senior human resources assistant, People and Organizational Development
  • Tamene Temesgen, research assistant, Animal Science for Sustainable Productivity (ASSP)

We said goodbye to

  • Gerba Leta, Addis Ababa
  • Meaza Tesfahunegn, Addis Ababa


Filed under: ILRI, ILRIComms, Knowledge and Information, Livestock Tagged: Roundup