Animal science for sustainable productivity: Clippings

Livestock Matter(s): ILRI news ’roundup’ November–December 2014

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The November–December issue of ‘Livestock Matter(s)’ provides a round-up of livestock development news, publications,presentations, images and upcoming events from ILRI and its partners. Download a print version or sign up to get Livestock Matter(s) in your mailbox each month.

Corporate news

Addis Ababa conference marks 40-year anniversary of world’s leading livestock-research-for-development institute
To mark 40 years of international research last year, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) facilitated a series of events highlighting the ways livestock research advances the global development agenda, specifically for food and nutritional security, economic well-being and healthy lives. The highlight event was a two-day conference on 6–7 November 2014 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

ILRI@40 celebrations in Hanoi focus on opportunities for ‘One Health’ in livestock research
On 13 October 2014, ILRI in East and Southeast Asia celebrated 40 years of ILRI’s research by holding a gala dinner at Melia Hotel in Hanoi, Vietnam on the sidelines of a three-day One Health workshop which the institute co-organized.

Azage Tegegne of ILRI-LIVES recognized for role in improving Ethiopia’s dairy production
Azage Tegegne, who leads the Livestock and Irrigation Value chains for Ethiopian Smallholders (LIVES) project was, in November 2014, honoured by the Ethiopian Government for his role in improving dairy cattle genetics and dairy value chain development in the country.

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Project news ILRI@40 well-wishers in Vietnam

The ILRI@40 gala dinner at Melia Hotel, Hanoi on 13 October 2014 (photo credit: ILRI/Jules Mateo).

New environmental research centre improves GHG emissions inventories for the livestock sector in East Africa
Globally, agriculture and livestock systems are responsible for 32% of anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and are the largest users of land. Livestock systems are major drivers for land use change, including deforestation and soil degradation. Hence, improving their environmental performance could lead to significant GHG reductions and the protection of ecosystems services (water, biodiversity and others).

ILRI stresses need for sustainable use of animal genetics at high-level Southeast Asia agriculture symposium
Steve Staal, the ILRI regional representative for East and Southeast Asia, delivered a presentation on ‘The sustainable use of animal genetics in developing countries’ at the 2nd international conference on Agricultural and Rural Development in Southeast Asia (ARD2014) on 12-13 November 2014 in Manila, Philippines. The talk highlighted how demand for livestock products in Southeast Asia is driving increased use of higher productivity, mostly exotic livestock breeds and the need to conserve genetic diversity of animals, particularly in poultry and pigs, in the region.

Welcome home Brachiaria! Home coming of Africa’s ‘super’ grass
‘The hitherto overlooked Brachiaria grasses have returned home to Africa and have been warmly embraced by smallholder dairy farmers in eastern Africa.’ A paper, presented at the 6th All Africa Conference of Animal Agriculture in Nairobi on 27 October 2014, co-authored by nine scientists from seven institutions including the BecA-ILRI Hub gives an overview of the research, successes and challenges of adopting improved Brachiaria hybrids Mulato and Mulato II in the African context.

The global impact of ILRI’s epidemiology expertise: An impact narrative
A new brief illustrates how ILRI’s integration of epidemiology with agricultural economics and other social sciences is offering a unique approach for assessing the economic impact of animal disease, and for evaluating the implications of intervention options, whether at farm, national or global level.

Innovation platforms as a route to dairy development in India
The International Livestock Research Institute has adopted an Innovation Platform (IP) approach as a route to dairy development in the hills of Uttarakhand, India. A case study illustrates how the  approach is being used by the project ‘Enhancing dairy-based livelihoods in India and Tanzania through feed innovation and value chain development approaches’ (MilkIT), which is being funded by a grant from the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). In Uttarakhand the project is working in two districts, with two village clusters – each of four to six villages – in each district.

Case study helps understand how IBLI developed the world’s first insurance scheme for African pastoralists
A business school type case study was prepared by ILRI, in November 2014, about its Index-Based Livestock Insurance program. The case asks students to focus on growth strategy for a specialized insurance product for the poor. It focuses on the challenges and opportunities of establishing index-based livestock insurance (IBLI) in locations with large populations of poor pastoralists.

Africa RISING learning event puts typologies, innovation systems and program framework under the lens
Partners implementing activities in all Africa RISING countries converged in Arusha, Tanzania from 11-12 November 2014 for the second annual program-wide learning event. More than 65 scientists and collaborators attended the meeting.

Linking poor livestock keepers to markets in Africa and Asia
Writing in the November 2014 issue of Rural 21, Isabelle Baltenweck, an agricultural economist at ILRI, argues that the growing global demand for animal products also offers poor livestock keepers the opportunity to switch from the subsistence to the market economy. She introduces three approaches in the meat and dairy sector in Africa and Asia with their respective potentials and limitations – and also warns against possible negative effects.

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Media news

 IITA/Jeffrey Oliver)

Participants – Africa RISING learning event 2014 (Photo credit: IITA/Jeffrey Oliver)

ILRI conduct training program for scientists
Livestock is an important sector in Pakistan’s economy and considered to be a net source of invariable income for rural and middle grade agri-business holders. It can play a major role in poverty alleviation in rural areas of Pakistan. Inadequate fodder availability is the major limiting factor for profitable livestock production in Pakistan.

How mix of livestock and crops on small farms will feed world
According to the report done by ILRI, farmers and policy makers need to turn their attention away from already over farmed land to mixed farming, especially in high-potential areas. According to the report, ‘it is these mixed farms that, more than the traditional breadbaskets and rice bowls of the past, will feed the growing world over the next few decades’.

East Africa scientists conduct research on disease resistant Napier
Scientists in East Africa are currently conducting research in order to select a disease resistant Napier grass variety. The research is a joint collaboration between ILRI, the Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO) and the national research institutes of Uganda, Tanzania and Rwanda under the East African Productivity project.

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CGIAR news-updates from research programs we work in

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The value of knowledge in rural development – ‘I also have a right to decide.
Supporting technical solutions to on-farm problems with knowledge for development initiatives is crucial to ensure rural families can better manage their resources to rise out of poverty. The Learning Alliance, is being implemented by the CGIAR Research Program on Integrated Systems for the Humid Tropics (Humidtropics) in Northern Nicaragua, where the Livestock and Fish program also promotes capacity development activities to strengthen the involvement of small farmers in the beef and dairy value chains.

Piecing together the (gender) research for (capacity) development puzzle
Conducting research for development is at the heart of the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish’s value chain approach. Diana Brandes, global capacity development specialist at ILRI, argues that, in a world of complex sustainable development challenges, the solution(s) to ensure program outputs respond to localized demands to facilitate value chain transformation is a puzzle, where any number of rural communities, organizations, institutions may hold different pieces.

New feed technology to offer more nutritious and sustainable aquaculture in Vietnam
Launched on 20 November 2014 in Ho Chi Minh City, the ‘Nutritious-system feeding concept; nourishing Vietnamese ponds to produce quality seafood’ project aims to increase the contribution of naturally occurring food in the diets of farmed fish and shrimp in the country. The project will work with Vietnamese aquaculture farmers to research an innovative ‘nutritious-system’ concept that involves feeding not only the cultured animals in the pond but the entire pond ecosystem, including algae and bacteria in the water.

Introducing Africa’s bridge between climate change research and policy
The CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) the Rockefeller Foundation and Pamoja Media came together to form the Climate and Agriculture Network for Africa (CANA), a regional learning platform that seeks to capture the synergies of research and create opportunities for linking emerging lessons with policy.

Recent presentations

Introducing the MilkIT project and its initial results
This presentation by Alan Duncan of ILRI on introducing the MilkIT project and its initial results was presented at at the MilkIT Outreach Meeting, Dar es Salaam, 11 December 2014.

Sustainable intensification and climate change: An EARS-CGIAR Mega-program initiative in support of the Government of Ethiopia and the African Union
Presented by Barry Shapiro (ILRI) at a Consultative Meeting on Strengthening CGIAR – EARS partnerships for effective agricultural transformation in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, 4–5 December 2014

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Recent publications

More publications


Animal agriculture research director envisions developing-world livestock sector in 2054
Jimmy Smith, director general of ILRI, provided a vision of what he thinks livestock production in the developing world will look like in 2054, 40 years from now. He presented this on the first of a two-day conference in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to mark the 40-year anniversary of ILRI.

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ILRI under the lens

Ushers at the ILRI 40 celebration

Ushers at the ILRI 40 celebration in Addis Ababa, 6 Nov 2014 (photo credit: ILRI/Apollo Habtamu).

To mark ILRI’s 4o years, this issue features images from ILRI@40 events last year.

More pictures

Upcoming events

Feb 2-4 ‘Livestock and Climate Change’ Workshop, Nairobi, Kenya

View more upcoming events

Staff updates

In November and December we welcomed the following staff

  • Degefa Biru, driver, Integrated Sciences
  • Ayda Tegenu, administrative assistant, Animal Biosciences
  • Rahel Eshetu, helpdesk administrator, Engineering and Facilities
  • Tesfaye Kebede, electrical technician, Engineering and Facilities
  • Alemayehu Negussie, driver, Integrated Sciences – Livestock Systems and Environment (LSE)
  • Sikhalazo Dube, regional representative – Southern Africa, Institutional Planning and Partnerships (IPP)
  • John Recha, postdoctoral fellow – participatory action research, Integrated Sciences (IS)
  • Alok Kumar, postdoctoral scientist – Feed and Forage, BioSciences
  • Annie Cook, postdoc scientist-epidiemolgy, BioSciences
  • Iain Wright, deputy director general, Integrated Sciences
  • Edwin Pancras Oyieng, research technician, Animal Sciences for Sustainable Productivity (ASSP)
  • Lilian Nekesa Masigah, administrative assistant, ICT
  • Diana Ndunge, ICT helpdesk administrator, ICT
  • Loise Makara, ICT helpdesk administrator, ICT
  • Mercy Macharia, research assistant, BecA-ILRI Hub
  • Polycarp Onyango, communication specialist, Bio-Innovate Program
  • Mercy Macharia, research assistant, BecA-ILRI Hub

We said goodbye to:

  • Nebiat Kassa, program accountant, ASSP
  • Emily Kerandi, development officer – Recruitment, People and Organizational Development (P&OD)
  • Timothy Njoroge, assistant technology manager, BecA-ILRI Hub
  • Titus Mureithi Kathurima, research technician III, BecA-ILRI Hub
  • Purvi Mehta Bhatt, regional representative and director general representative, Asia
  • Georgina Diana Oduor, Integrated Sciences
  • Cynthia Mbula Kyaka, legal officer, IP and Legal Unit

Filed under: ILRI, ILRIComms, Knowledge and Information, Livestock, Research, Roundup Tagged: Livestock matters, Roundup

Scaling out livestock research: Struggles and successes are key says feed innovation project


Scaling out research results for wider application and use is a goal of every research for development project in today’s CGIAR. It is also one of the most difficult things to achieve.

Scaling out was on the agenda of recent end-of-project workshops of the IFAD-financed MilkIT project (Enhancing dairy-based livelihoods in India and Tanzania through feed innovation and value chain development approaches).

Following internal reviews by the project team, on 11 December 2014, team members met with a few national partners in an ‘Outreach Meeting’ to share project lessons and findings.

At the end of the discussions (see key messages), participants listed out some of the critical success factors such a project needs to be able to scale out its results.

The suggestions shared by participants included:

  1. Have a scaling strategy that sets out the different types of outcomes and impacts and mechanisms to reach these.
  2. Ensure that the project has something successful and tangible to actually scale and make visible.
  3. Make successes visible through ‘noise’ – essentially promoting and talking about them. Ensure however that the noise ‘volume’ is proportional to the actual success.
  4. Beyond noise and volume, remember that ‘seeing is believing’; tangible visible evidence is much more convincing than ‘telling’ people about it.
  5. Don’t speak in ‘Chinese’ (unless the audience is in China) – make sure the messages are clear and can be understood by people expected to take decisions. Work with media.
  6. Involve different actors from the start of the project – so they are ‘insiders’ to the thinking and the results. Ensure that the ‘scaling partners’ are with you from the start.
  7. Organize regular stakeholder meetings or platforms where some of the different people involved can feed in their insights; making it more likely they will spread and take them up later!
  8. Build sustainability into the design of any platforms so their results can continue after projects end or evolve.
  9. Members of platforms need to ‘own’ the platform and be able to see interests in joining and participating clearly demonstrated.
  10. Expand from a few local ‘research’ sites and platforms via regional and national platforms – where they exist – where a lot of other actors are involved.
  11. Link research packages into whatever extension systems exist; working with them to ensure that knowledge reaches local and village communities.
  12. Have ‘exit’ strategies for a project that include passing on results or having work continue through others.
  13. Generally, projects like these come and go. Ensure that projects feed into bigger flows, acting as ‘tributaries’ into main rivers. Connect to main flows and channels and make sure your results are well-directed to reach the mainstream of thinking and action.
  14. Supporting and working through national and regional platforms and clusters (such as Maziwa Zaidi for dairy development in Tanzania) helps bring broader reach and continuation to project findings.
  15. Scaling ‘requires’ partnership. It’s important that partners are not just ‘involved’; they need to become ‘co-owners’ seeing benefits and especially the project and its activities as vehicles for their own success.
  16. Don’t chase all possible partners; you need the right partners.
  17. When engaging with partners, try to see into their heads; really knowing them and their desires.
  18. Farmers are important partners. Don’t only target ‘resource poor’ farmers as they face the greatest challenges to scale something out. Other farmers, with more resources perhaps, have more scope to scale.

While the notion of an ‘exit strategy’ was mentioned several times, what really came through instead was the need for an ‘entrance’ strategy in which project participants plan from the beginning saying where and to whom project results and approaches will be taken up. Gaining entrances into the workplans of others is perhaps more important that ensuring a tidy exit or closing of a project.

Project leader Alan Duncan: ‘Projects such as MilkIT place a lot of emphasis on developing participatory approaches that build engagement and ownership of the development process with key local actors. In MilkIT for example we spent a lot of time establishing local and regional innovation platforms that were then instrumental in bringing about changes in milk marketing and feeding practices. We also refined and applied tools such as FEAST that focus strongly on making sure that feed interventions develop from the bottom up and really address farmers’ core concerns.’

‘Working in innovation platform mode and applying participatory tools such as FEAST is not trivial – in fact it can sometimes be a struggle. It forces researchers and other actors to move out of their comfort zone and think through issues from a different perspective. However, this struggle is central to the successes that emerge. The struggle builds ownership and leads to solutions that fit the context.’

‘When it comes to scaling, the temptation is to attempt to scale out the successes rather than the processes (the struggle) that led to those successes. In my view, one key lesson that we need to internalize is that the struggle is important and that we need to scale out the struggle rather than the success. This is harder work but will be more effective in the long run.’

The conventional model is ‘success, scale, fail’. The new model is ‘struggle, success, scale the struggle’ – Alan Duncan

Read more about success, scaling and struggles in this blogpost by Owen Barder that stimulated Alan.

Filed under: Animal Feeding, ASSP, Cattle, CRP37, Dairying, Feeds, Fodder, ILRI, India, Innovation Systems, Knowledge and Information, Livestock, Participation, Research, South Asia, Southern Africa, Tanzania Tagged: CIAT, IFAD, innovation platforms, MilkIT, scaling out

Setting international livestock research priorities: Some challenges suggested during ILRI@40 events

In 2014, to mark four decades of international livestock research, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) held a series of events on the ways in which livestock research advances food and nutritional security, economic well-being and healthy lives.

At each event, we asked participants to comment on two questions: Looking to 2054, what are THE two most critical livestock-related challenges we must answer through research? What is THE most promising ‘best bet’ opportunity we should invest in to achieve better lives though livestock in 2054.

The powerpoint below gives a summary of the responses provided by participants:


Filed under: ILRI, ILRI40, Livestock, Research Tagged: ilri40

Where’s the beef? Why livestock is overlooked by public and private investors

In 2014, to mark four decades of international livestock research, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) held a series of events on the ways in which livestock research advances food and nutritional security, economic well-being and healthy lives.

At the November 2014 Addis Ababa event, we asked participants to suggest reasons why livestock is overlooked by public and private investors. The suggestions fell into the following seven clusters:

  1. Livestock investors must overcome complexity
  2. Livestock investments are risky
  3. Livestock investments need time to mature
  4. Livestock investors have a limited evidence base
  5. Livestock have image problems
  6. Livestock are often invisible
  7. Crop investments are more popular

The powerpoint below gives a summary of the suggestions mentioned by participants:


Filed under: ILRI, ILRI40, Livestock, Research Tagged: ilri40

ILRI renews collaboration to support livestock development in the Philippines

Fodder for water buffaloes in the Philippines

A small-scale livestock farmer in the Philippines. ILRI is supporting livestock research and development in the country (photo credit: ILRI).

The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) has renewed collaboration with the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCAARRD) to support the country’s livestock sector.

According to an article on PCAARRD’s website, this collaboration will ‘focus on livestock research and development initiatives and advocacies’.

The renewed collaboration follows a meeting, in November 2014, between Patricio Faylon, the executive director of the council and Steve Staal, ILRI’s regional representative for East and Southeast Asia, which identified priority areas and opportunities for cooperation between the two organizations. At the meeting, Staal expressed ILRI’s interest in supporting the council’s initiatives in ‘conservation and utilization of Philippine native animals like swine and native chicken.’

PCAARRD-ILRI collaboration dates back to the early 2000s when ILRI projects on small ruminants and crop-animal system projects were coordinated by the council.

Read the full article: ILRI backs PCAARRD’s livestock research and development initiatives and advocacies.

Filed under: Agriculture, Article, Livestock, Partnerships, Philippines, Southeast Asia Tagged: PCAARRD, Steve Staal

Ethiopia Livestock Master Plan makes a public splash in the research community of the ‘African livestock giant’

The Ethiopia Livestock Master Plan is about the biggest piece of cooperation between the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) in a very long time. And that plan is about to change the face of livestock research and development programs within Ethiopia. Not a minor step forward for a country deemed as the livestock giant of Africa (see maps on the Livestock Geo-Wiki).

Directly following the recent ‘summit of the systems‘ (a meeting to develop much better integrated activities between the -international CGIAR research family and the Ethiopian Agricultural Research System [EARS]), HE Dr Gebregziabher Gebreyohannes, State Minister for Livestock Resources Development,  publicly presented the Ethiopia Livestock Master Plan on the premises of ILRI Ethiopia.

This Livestock Master Plan (LMP), a project led by ILRI’s Dr. Barry Shapiro, proposes strategic recommendations covering a 15-year period which will feed into the second generation of the National Growth and Transformation Program (GTP). The team behind the LMP already presented a poster about this Plan during the 40th anniversary events of ILRI. But the plan itself had not been presented in the open and in details thus far.

The presentation from the State Minister highlighted the opportunities that the LMP brings forward, which the second GTP should bear in mind:

  • Investing in all LMP interventions could help the Government of Ethiopia eliminate poverty in 25% of livestock keeping households (over 11 million people);
  • Poultry development can help achieve better food security, enable red meat exports, and lower greenhouse gas emissions;
  • A combination of cattle and poultry can lower domestic meat prices, while increasing exports and foreign exchange earnings;
  • Dairy development can help achieve food security in domestic markets and also increase export earnings;
  • The private sector’s participation (in processing and value addition) is crucial for success, which means the sector will have to develop very attractive incentives for private investment;

Specific priorities of the LMP include: improving indigenous red meat animals, cross-breeding of dairy cattle and small ruminants, improved family poultry and camels, focusing on scaling up technologies, improving livestock and livelihoods data, especially in pastoral areas…

The audience of the meeting where this presentation was shown comprised EARS-CGIAR Dialogue participants including CG Center representatives, the Director Generals of six Regional Agricultural Research Institutes, Vice-Presidents for Research from five Ethiopian Universities, as well as to other stakeholders from Ethiopia in the research, government  and development sectors.

This presentation will hopefully help the RRIs and Universities to align their research programs with the Livestock Master Plan; but also the CGIAR system in the longer run. Indeed the process of developing this Ethiopia Master Plan has been quite intensive and relatively slow, but extremely useful for ILRI and for other CGIAR centres working on livestock issues such as the International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) since they have a number of programs and projects that will have to follow the recommendations and align with national policies and investments deriving from the Plan. To name but a few of these programs:

With a likely review of all CGIAR Research Programs (which dovetail the above-mentioned projects), such strategic pointers become precious to plan the next generation of livestock research and guarantee a relevant and bright future for livestock in Ethiopia and the wider Eastern African region.

Read more on the Ethiopia Livestock Master Plan: a recent poster; a media note from ILRI; a newspaper article.

Filed under: Animal Breeding, Animal Diseases, Animal Feeding, Animal Health, Animal Production, Animal Products, CGIAR, CRP12, CRP37, Ethiopia, Event, Farming Systems, Livestock, Livestock Systems, Partnerships Tagged: Barry Shapiro, Livestock Master Plan, LMP

Reducing the vulnerability of Somali livestock communities through capacity development and enhanced market access

Hargeisa livestock market buying and selling

Hargeisa livestock market buying and selling

According to ILRI’s Nadhem Mtimet, livestock provides around 60% of gross domestic product (GDP) in Somaliland and the sector employs over 70% of the population. Livestock producers, he says, are very market-oriented, and the country exports around three million small ruminants each year to Saudi Arabia and other countries in the Middle East.

Ensuring high quality and disease-free animals for export is thus critical to the development of the Somalia’s northern states of Somaliland and Puntland. There is also a growing need to balance the production of more animals with the sustainable management of the dry areas in which the animals are reared. Staff of the IGAD Sheikh Technical Veterinary School (ISTVS) and Reference Centre already see the need for more action and research on issues around soil and land degradation, dryland management and adaptation to climate change. It is not enough to just produce more animals, they need to be better, and produced better.

ILRI’s engagement in Somalia reaches back at least 10 years, with active involvement in several research for development projects, usually alongside NGO partner Terra Nuova.

Mtimet explains that the most important livestock sector challenges he encountered in the project relate to livestock production in terms of access to feed and water and animal health – dealing with diseases, pests and parasites. Livestock marketing is also hampered by insufficient market information for the producers.

He sees the greatest opportunity as the ‘increasing export market demand especially from Saudi Arabia and the geographic location of Somalia close to the Gulf countries. Large foreign private investments are happening which is improving the infrastructure and securing stable demand along the year.’

Somalia is one of the world’s poorest countries and has endured a prolonged civil war. While livestock are critical to the economy, and they support a large part of the population, processing of agricultural products is a small part of GDP.

As an ISTVS professor remarked: Somaliland needs to move from exporting livestock ‘on the hoof’ to exporting livestock ‘on the hook’ – with more value adding activities taking place in Somalia.

This, along with the emerging sustainability agenda, calls for stronger research and learning systems and institutions, more evidence-based decision making – and evidence on which to decide, and effective market organizations and linkages.

Batch of export quality Somali sheep and goats

Batch of export quality Somali sheep and goats

Following the collapse of the Somali state the private sector (including individuals and organizations) have grown impressively, particularly in trade, commerce, transport, remittances and infrastructure services. The primary sectors (livestock, agriculture and fisheries) have led the way. However, capacities of the evolving institutions remain limited, particularly in regulatory services and in transforming export market opportunities into higher incomes and broader development results.

Achieving these market opportunities and delivering their benefits to the rural poor, in Somalia’s extreme physical and institutional environment, requires enhanced investment in and use of the indigenous knowledge base.

Reducing Vulnerability of Somali Communities project

The current project (officially ‘reducing vulnerability of Somali communities by raising the capacity of indigenous systems and enhancing market access and consumer welfare’) was initiated in 2012 and it runs until June 2015. It aims to strengthen local capacity to mobilize and use knowledge from Somali livestock research in decision making. It also aims to enhance the capacities of public and private sectors to improve livestock products’ marketing and safety.

Mtimet: The project is targeting 3 main objectives: First, improving the indigenous knowledge about Somali livestock breeding and marketing practices; second, improving the technical and scientific skill of ISTVS staff through capacity building; and third, increasing the awareness of donors, development agencies, and other international organization about the importance of the livestock sector and attracting those partners to invest more in the sector

Research and knowledge strengthening results are delivered through support to the ISTVS so it can better conduct and disseminate applied research. The idea is for the ISTVS to become a valuable knowledge base and able to partner with regional and international research institutions.

Market access results are delivered through activities that foster the establishment of public-private partnerships to formulate product standards as a way of improving international trade. It also helps consolidate Livestock Market Information System (LMIS) operated by the local Chambers of Commerce, Industries and Agriculture.

So far, the project has developed partnerships between the Somaliland Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture (SLCCIA), the Somaliland Quality Control Commission (SQCC), the Ministries of Livestock and Commerce, the IGAD Sheikh Technical Veterinary School, Terra Nuova and the Kenya Bureau Standards (KEBS). In Puntland, partnerships have been forged between the Puntland Chamber of Commerce, the Puntland Food Quality Control unit of the Ministry of Agriculture, Ministries of Livestock, Health, Fisheries and Commerce, Department of Water, Terra Nuova and KEBS.

What’s been achieved so far?

Result 1 (on knowledge and capacity development) is focused around the ISTVS, established in 2002, to take on some important training, research and extension roles in the Somali ecosystem that stopped as a result of the collapse of the Somali Federal government in 1991.

The ‘school’ provides professional and academic courses and has links with universities in Kenya, Uganda, and Ethiopia to develop its staff and deliver accredited BSc education. It is being attained through intensive capacity building, largely enabled by ILRI. Activities will enable the ISTVS Reference Centre to conduct and disseminate applied research to local audiences of livestock value chain actors and the nascent civil society. This work is only implemented in Somaliland and has made progress in five main areas.

ISTVS PRA data collection with female community members in Sheikh (Somaliland)

ISTVS students carry our PRA data collection with community members in Sheikh

  1. Research methods training and support combined with mentored action research has been provided to academic staff, especially juniors at the ISTVS. The aim was to familiarize them with conventional and participatory research approaches and tools and gain skills to document and write up science.
  2. Research on livestock importer requirements in importing countries has been carried out in Saudi Arabia to study both the tail end of the up-stream market (Somaliland) and the end-market. This is intended to the help identify opportunities and constraints for the various actors along the market chain and ways to address these.
  3. Activities are underway to promote uptake of applied research results into academic teaching and the wider communities. Findings from past ILRI and Terra Nuova value chain studies have been incorporated into the ISTVS training curricula/program as teaching notes for Diploma students. Students are encouraged to get out to the field – and markets – to gain in-depth knowledge on the functioning and importance of the value chain and the market information systems that support it.
  4. Participants in the project have carried out a number of studies on issues around markets, animal production and pastoralist challenges and opportunities. These are being written up for wider dissemination locally and beyond.
  5. Finally, the functional infrastructure of ISTVS has been upgraded with improvements to labs, offices, power supply and an extension of the kitchen and refectory.

A new focus in recent months focuses on communications and knowledge sharing – examining opportunities to better generate and document knowledge in the ISTVS, making it widely accessible to different stakeholders.

Mtimet: ISTVS is probably the unique “quality” centre in Somalia that has some skills and is developing new skills to tackle the problems that livestock keepers are facing in terms of animal health, animal husbandry, feeding, mating, marketing, etc.

Result 2 (on markets and regulation) is being implemented with chambers of commerce in Somaliland and Puntland. They have brought in the Kenya Bureau of Standards (KEBS) to help establish public-private partnerships to develop and implement appropriate standards and instruments for the sector. This work has made progress in five main areas:

Livestock export quarantine center at Berbera port, Somaliland

Livestock export quarantine center at Berbera port, Somaliland

  1. Work to identify gaps in export standards, needs and policies has been finalized and reports detailing the current status and strategy to improve the quality infrastructure have been developed for Puntland and Somaliland.
  2. Assistance was provided to the chambers to develop a set of Guidelines for Grading of Export Quality Livestock. These contain specifications for different grades for export quality livestock covering cattle, sheep, goats and camels. The chambers were also helped to enforce standards compliance using two codes of practice developed earlier in the project on 1) the Welfare of Export Quality Livestock During Land and Sea Transport and 2) the Welfare of Livestock While at Sale Yards and Quarantine Station. Finally, financial support was provided to the Somaliland chamber to help meet the operational costs of running the Livestock Market Information System (LMIS).
  3. In terms of regulatory support, the project supported development of a draft Somaliland Quality Control Commission Bill that aims to entrench SQCC within the laws of Somaliland. In Puntland, work also began to define the type of standards body sought by the different stakeholders.
  4. This quality control work was supported at the ISTVS through the establishment of a new food laboratory to provide food safety and hygiene surveillance services. Analysts from the food quality laboratory were attached to KEBS in June 2014 to familiarize themselves with the analytical operations of accredited testing laboratories and gain first-hand experience on how a (documented) quality system is implemented.
  5. Finally, since animal health surveillance and delivery of livestock services are so important to the sector, Ministries of Livestock received financial support for networking, communication and supervisory linkages between Regional Veterinary Offices and Directors of Animal Health. A disease surveillance fund was set up in Somaliland to cover operational costs of rapid response teams and to procure laboratory equipment, reagents and diagnostic test kits for early confirmation of trade-limiting animal diseases and sero-surveillance of OIE-listed diseases.

Mtimet: We aim to have a much better understanding of the requirements and standards of importing countries and specifically Saudi Arabia, as well as better assessments of livestock producers’ knowledge about grading systems leading to activities (such as training) to improve their knowledge

More information

This post was developed with Nadhem Mtimet, an Agricultural Economist in ILRI’s Policy, Trade and Value Chains program.

This work in Somalia has been supported by the Government of Denmark and the European Union.

Filed under: Agriculture, Animal Production, Capacity Strengthening, CRP2, Drylands, East Africa, ILRI, Integrated Sciences, Livestock, Markets, Project, PTVC, Research, Small Ruminants, Somalia Tagged: ISTVS, Nadhem Mtimet, Somaliland, Terra Nuova

Driving livestock development through multidisciplinary systems research: An impact narrative

Forty years ago,  the International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA) was a pioneer in livestock systems research, which was designed to take account of the complexity of real farming systems so as to be able to contribute to development.

Such systems-based research fell out of favour in the 1980s and 90s, but still continued to produce useful development outcomes. Since the early 2000s, however, it has regained its position, developing at ILRI to focus on ‘innovation systems’ and becoming a mainstream approach within the CGIAR Research Programs (CRP).

Impacts from this work have included policy changes on food safety in milk and meat markets, improved access of smallholder livestock farmers to input and output markets, and much greater awareness of gender issues in agricultural development.

The promotion and adoption of such systems-based approaches within national research institutes in developing countries would make a huge contribution to the development of smallholder agriculture.

Download a brief that illustrates how scaling up transdisciplinary research so that a systems approach can be applied by more and more scientists could make a huge contribution to development in smallholder farming.

Filed under: Agriculture, Animal Production, Farming Systems, ILRI, ILRI40, Impact Assessment, Innovation Systems, Integrated Sciences, Livestock, Livestock Systems, Participation, Research

Ethiopia livestock master plan presents roadmaps for growth and transformation

This poster, prepared for the ILRI@40 series of events, gives an overview of Ethiopia’s Livestock Master Plan (LMP) that is as part of the country’s wider growth and transformation plan II for 2015-2020.

The master plan, which the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) contributed to, is based on a qualitative and fact-based livestock sector model and analysis. The new plan will see improvement in Ethiopia’s poultry breeds and forages and the creation and maintenance of a livestock population database in the country.

Ethiopian Livestock Master Plan (LMP): Roadmaps for growth and transformation (2015-2020) from ILRI

Visit for more information.

Follow #ilri40 on Twitter.

Filed under: Agriculture, Animal Production, East Africa, Ethiopia, ILRI, ILRI40, Livelihoods, Livestock, Research Tagged: poster

Linking poor livestock keepers to markets in Africa and Asia

Writing in the November 2014 issue of Rural 21, Isabelle Baltenweck argues that the growing global demand for animal products also offers poor livestock keepers the opportunity to switch from the subsistence to the market economy.

She introduces three approaches in the meat and dairy sector in Africa and Asia with their respective potentials and limitations – and also warns against possible negative effects.

She concludes: “There is no ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach to link livestock keepers to the market in a manner that is inclusive and sustainable. Women’s and men’s needs have to be taken into account for a value chain transformation to happen. There are still many unknowns, in particular regarding the effect of increased market orientation on the household nutritional status. In fact, the effect can be negative when more livestock products (like milk) are sold rather than consumed at home, extra income is spent on items not beneficial to children health and nutrition, and women’s workload increases and less time is available to care for their children. Concerted efforts by researchers, development partners, public and the private sector are needed for inclusive value chains to become a reality so that poor livestock keepers can take advantage of the Livestock Revolution to improve their livelihoods in a sustainable manner.”

Read the full article

Recent articles by Klaus Butterbach-Bahl

Filed under: Africa, Animal Production, Animal Products, Asia, CRP37, ILRI, LGI, Livestock, Livestock Systems, Markets Tagged: EADD, rural21

Rural 21 special issue on livestock and rural development

The November 2014 issue of Rural 21 – the International Journal for Rural Development – has a special focus on livestock. The various articles have been brought together to look at both the goods and the bads of livestock.

Articles include:

Filed under: Livestock Tagged: rural21

Small-scale farms mixing livestock and crops are the way to feed the world—Kenya newspaper

Climate Smart Villages- Karnal

Small-scale farms mixing crops and livestock, such as this one in India, will feed a growing world population (photo credit: CCAFS/Vishwanathan).

An article published this week (18 Nov 2014) in the online edition of Kenya’s Standard newspaper highlights the important role that mixed livestock and crop farms will play in feeding the world in coming years.

The article cites research by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) that showed that ‘farmers and policymakers need to turn their attention to mixed farming systems, especially in [neglected medium-] potential areas’ because these farms ‘more than the traditional breadbaskets and rice bowls of the past, will feed the growing world over the next few decades.’

According to the article, ‘farmers who mix growing crops with rearing livestock in both poor and developed countries, not only boost food security efforts’, but also earn much needed income in the process.

Read the whole article: How mix of livestock and crops on small farms will feed the world

Read a related ILRI news article: New map: Livestock and mixed crop-livestock systems in Africa

Filed under: Agriculture, Article, Crop-Livestock, Food security, Livestock

ኢትዮጵያ ከቁም እንስሳት ሀብት ማግኘት ያለባትን ጥቅም አላገኘችም

This blog post is in Amharic, if you are seeing boxes download fonts here.

ሰሃራ በታች ከሚገኙ አገሮች በተለይም ኢትዮጵያና ጎረቤት ኬንያ ስለ ቁም እንስሳት ሀብታቸው ብዙ ይባልላቸዋል፡፡ ይሁንና ተደጋግሞ እንደሚገለጸው አገሮቹ ካላቸው እምቅ አቅም አንፃር ተጠቃሚነታቸው ሲፈተሽ ከባህር ላይ በጭልፋ የመጥለቅ ያህል የሚጋነን ነው፡፡

ሌላው ቀርቶ «…ከከብቶቹ በፊት ነው የሞተው እርሱ!» የሚለውን አገርኛ ብሂል ነጥለን ስናይ፤ እንስሳት በኢትዮጵያ ከአርቢዎቻቸው ጋር ያላቸው ቅርበት የቤተሰብ አባላት ያህል ጥልቅ መሆኑን ለመረዳት ያስችለናል፡፡ ይሁንና በአርቢዎቻቸው ይሄን ያህል ትኩረት የሚያገኙት የቁም እንስሳት እንደ ግለሰብም ሆነ እንደ አገር የሚያስገኙት ጥቅም «ባለህበት እርገጥ» የሚባል አይነት ነው፡፡

ይሄን በአግባቡ የተረዳው መንግሥት ዘርፉ ላይ የሚታዩትን እንቅፋቶች በማስወገድ ተገቢውን ኢኮኖሚያዊ ጥቅም ለማስገኘት በርካታ ውጥኖችን ነድፎ ለከርሞ እየተንቀሳቀሰ ነው፡፡ ሰሞኑን የምስረታውን 40ኛ ዓመት በማክበር ላይ የሚገኘው ዓለም አቀፉ የቁም እንስሳት ምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት (ILRI) ዘርፉን ይበልጥ ለማጎልበት ከኢትዮጵያ ጋር በጋራ እንደሚሠራ ጠቁሟል፡፡

Panelist Livestock – economic well-being

በክብረ በዓሉ መክፈቻ ላይ የተገኙት የኢፌዴሪ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ደመቀ መኮንን «በበርካታ የልማት ማነቆዎች ምክንያት ኢትዮጵያ ከቁም እንስሳት ሀብት ማግኘት ያለባትን ጥቅም አላገኘችም» በማለት ዘርፉ በቀጣይ ቁልፍ የመንግሥት የትኩረት ማረፊያ እንደሚሆን ያነሳሉ፡፡

በቅርብ ዓመታት ውስጥ የዓለማችን ህዝብ ቁጥር ከሰባት ቢሊዮን በላይ መድረሱ ይታወሳል፡፡ የዜጎች ቁጥር በዚህ እድገት ከቀጠለ እ.አ.አ በ2050 ዓለም ከዘጠኝ እስከ አስር ቢሊዮን ልጆች ይኖሯታል ተብሎ ይገመታል፡፡ በመሆኑም ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ እንደሚሉት ይሄ የሰዎች ቁጥር ፈጣን እድገት አሁን ያለውን የዓለማችን የምግብ ምርት እስከ 70 በመቶ ማሳደግ እንደሚገባ የሚያስገድድ ይሆናል፡፡ ለእዚህ ደግሞ ሰፊ የግብርና ምርት ውጤት ባለቤቷ አፍሪካ ከመቼውም ጊዜ የበለጠ በነቃ መልኩ ተጠቃሚነቷን ማስጠበቅ ይቻላታል፡፡ ምክንያቱም የዓለማችን ሰፊ የምግብ ግብዓት በመሆን የሚታወቀው የእንስሳት ተዋፅኦ በአፍሪካ በመኖሩ ነው፡፡

የተጠቃሚነት እድሉን መፃዒነት ወደ ኢትዮጵያ አምጥተን ስንመለከትም ሁኔታው ተቀራራቢ ነው፡፡ ሀብቱ የሌሎች አህጉራትን ምግብ ፍላጎት ከመሙላቱ በተጓዳኝ በቀጥታም ይሁን በተዘዋዋሪ ለምጣኔ ሀብት እድገት፣ ድህነት ቅነሳ እና የምግብ ዋስትና በዘላቂነት መረጋገጥ ቀጥተኛ ሚና ይኖረዋል፡፡ «የቁም እንስሳት ለምግብ ዋስትና መረጋገጥ አይነተኛ ሚና ይጫወታሉ» የሚሉት ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ፤ ዘርፉን ማሳደግ በተለይም ከእንስሳት ተዋፅኦ የሚገኙ ከፍተኛ ጥራት ያላቸውን ፕሮቲንና ካሎሪስ በተመጣጣኝ ዋጋ ለማግኘት እንደሚያስችል ይናገራሉ፡፡ ከእንስሳት ተዋፅኦ 26በመቶ ፕሮቲን እንዲሁም 13 በመቶ ካሎሪስ እንደሚገኝም እንዲሁ፡፡

በቀጣይ ዓለማችን ላይ ከሚጠበቀው የነዋሪዎች መብዛት በተጨማሪ ቀጥተኛ የእንስሳት ውጤቶች ፍላጎት ማደጉ የማይቀር ነው፡፡ ለአብነትም ሌላውን ዓለም ትተን ከሰሃራ በታች በሚገኙ አገሮች ብቻ ብንመለከት የወተት ፍጆታ በጥቂት አሰርት ዓመታት ውስጥ አሁን ካለው ሦስት እጥፍ እንደሚያድግ ይተነበያል፡፡ በመሆኑም ባለሙያዎች እንደሚሉት እንስሳትን ከተለያዩ በሽታዎች በመጠበቅ ዘርፉን ቁልፍ የኢኮኖሚ መሰረት ማድረግ ይቻላል፡፡

አቶ ደመቀ እንደሚሉት ታዲያ በተለይም የአነስተኛ አርሶ አደሮች ምርታማነት ሥርዓት ላይ ትኩረት ሰጥቶ መሥራት በማደግ ላይ ለሚገኙ አገራት ወሳኝ ነው፡፡ ለዚህ ደግሞ እንደ «ኢልሪ» ያሉ ምርምር አድራጊዎች በአነስተኛ አርሶ አደሮች ላይ ማተኮራቸው ዘላቂነት ላለው የግብርና ልማት መሰረት ይሆናል፡፡

የኢትዮጵያ ተጠቃሚነት አሁንም ትኩረት ተሰጥቶት ሊሰራ ይገባል፡፡ ምክንያቱም ባለፉት ዓመታት እንደታየው አገሪቱ ከቁም እንስሳት እና ስጋ ሽያጭ ቀጥተኛ የወጪ ንግድ ገቢዋ 262 ሚሊዮን የአሜሪካን ዶላር ብቻ ነው፡፡ ጉዳዩን ይበልጥ አንገብጋቢ የሚያደርገው ደግሞ ዘርፉ ሊሰጥ የሚችለው ጥቅም ከተጠቀሰው ገቢ በአራት እጥፍ ማስገኘት የሚችል መሆኑ ነው፡፡ በመሆኑም እንደ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ገለጻ በመሰረተ ልማት፣ በቀልጣፋ የገበያ ሥርዓት፣ በእንስሳት ጤና እና በእንስሳት ጊዜያዊ ማቆያ ላይ የሚታዩ ችግሮች መፈታት አለባቸው፡፡

ለእዚህ ደግሞ ሁለተኛው የእድገትና ትራንስፎርሜሽን ዕቅድ ትግበራ ጊዜ ወሳኝ ሆኗል፡፡ በተባለው ወቅት በዘርፉ እሴት በመጨመር ለድህነት ቅነሳ ተግባር አዎንታዊ ሚና ይኖረዋል፡፡ 40ኛ ዓመቱን የሚያከብረው «ኢልሪ» በአቅም ግንባታ እና ፕሮግራም ማስተባበር ዙሪያ ያደረገው አስተዋፅኦ ከፍተኛ መሆኑን ይጠቅሳሉ፡፡ በተለይም ለቀጣዮቹ አስር ዓመታት ተግባራዊ የሚደረግ የቁም እንስሳት ልማት መሪ ዕቅድ በተያዘው ዓመት እንደሚተገበር አቶ ደመቀ አስታውቀዋል፡፡ መሪ ዕቅዱም በዋናነት ብሔራዊ የቁም እንስሳት ልማትን ወደተሻለ ደረጃ ማሳደግ የሚያስችል መመሪያዎችን ያቀፈ ነው፡፡ ተግባራዊነቱም ከተያዘው ዓመት ጀምሮ ይሆናል፡፡

ኢትዮጵያ ከእንስሳት ሀብቷ የምትጠቀምበት ጊዜ የተቃረበ ይመስላል፡፡ ምክንያቱም ከአጠቃላዩ የግብርና ንዑሱ ዘርፍ በዚህ ላይ ትልቅ ድርሻ አለውና፡፡ የግብርና ሚኒስቴር ሚኒስትር አቶ ተፈራ ደርበው የሚሉትም ይሄንኑ ነው፡፡ «ከግብርና ውጤት ገሚሱን የሚሸፍነው የቁም እንስሳት ንዑስ ዘርፍ ያሉበትን ማነቆዎች በመቅረፍ በቀጣይ እንደሚያድግ የሚጠበቀውን የአገር ውስጥ የወተት እና ሥጋ ፍላጎት ለማሟላት አቅሙን ማጎልበት ይገባል» ይላሉ፡፡ ከአጠቃላይ የአገሪቱ ውጭ ምንዛሪ ገቢ ከ16 እስከ 19 በመቶ ከእንስሳት ሽያጭ የሚገኝ መሆኑን ያነሱት ሚኒስትሩ፤ ለተገቢው እድገት እንቅፋት የሆኑ ተግዳሮቶች መኖራቸውን አንስተዋል፡፡

ፈጣን የዜጎች ቁጥር መጨመር፣ የከተሞች መስፋፋት እንዲሁም የአገር ውስጥ የስጋ፣ የወተትና እንቁላል ፍላጎት ማደግ ከተፅዕኖዎቹ መካከል እንደሚጠቀስ አንስተዋል፡፡ አቶ ተፈራ እንደሚሉት እነዚህ ሁሉ ችግሮች ተዳምረው በሁለት እጥፍ ሊያድግ የሚችለውን የውጭ ምንዛሪ ግኝት ባለበት እንዲቀር አድርጎታል፡፡ በተጨማሪም አገሪቱ የምትገኝበት ጂኦግራፊያዊ አቀማመጥ የቁም እንስሳትን ለጥቂት የገልፍ እና አፍሪካ አገሮች ገበያ ብቻ ተደራሽ እንዲሆን አስገድዷል፡፡

በመሆኑም መንግሥት በቀጣይ ዕቅድ ትኩረት ሰጥቶ የሚንቀሳቀሰው የእንስሳት ሀብት ልማትን የግብርናው መሪ ለማድረግ መሥራት ላይ ነው፡፡ ለእዚህም በ«ኢልሪ» የተቀረፀው የቁም እንስሳት መሪ ዕቅድን መተግበር ወሳኝ ነው፡፡ ከአገር አቀፍ እንቅስቃሴው በተጨማሪ ኢትዮጵያ በአፍሪካ ሁሉን አቀፍ የግብርና ልማት ፕሮግራም (ካዳፕ) በኩል ዘርፉን ለማሳደግ እየሠራች ነው ብለዋል፡፡

Sheep at the Livestock and Fish annual review and planning meeting

እ.አ.አ ከ1974 ጀምሮ ሥራውን የጀመረው ኢልሪ ባለፉት ዓመታት በእንስሳት አመጋገብ እና ጤና አጠባበቅ፣ በአርብቶ አደሩ፣ በእሴት ሰንሰለት፣ በመሬት አጠቃቀምና ሌሎች ቁልፍ ተግባራት ዙሪያ የተለያዩ ጥናቶች ሲያከናውን መቆየቱንም ጠቅሰዋል፡፡ ከእንስሳት ምርምር በተጨማሪ በአረንጓዴ ኢኮኖሚ ግንባታ ውስጥ ኢልሪ የራሱን አስተዋፅኦ ሲያደርግ ቆይቷል፡፡

ኢትዮጵያ እየተገበረች የምትገኘው ለአየር ንብረት ለውጥ የማይበገር የአረንጓዴ ልማት ስትራቴጂ ለእዚህ ተጠቃሽ ነው፡፡ በተጨማሪም የካርበን ልቀትን ለመቀነስና የተፈጥሮ ሀብት ጥበቃ ላይ በየክልሉ በርካታ ሥራዎች በመከናወን ላይ ይገኛሉ፡፡ እስካሁን በተሠሩት ብቻ አሳሳቢ ደረጃ ላይ ደርሶ የነበረውን በረሃማነት በመቀነስ የደን ሽፋኑን ከሦስት በመቶ ወደ 11 በመቶ ማሳደግ መቻሉን መረጃዎች ያመላክታሉ፡፡

የግብርና ሚኒስትሩ እንደሚሉት ታዲያ በተካሄዱ ምርምሮች ከኢልሪ የዘር ባንክ በሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ የዘር ምርምሮች እውቅና ሊያገኙ ችለዋል፡፡ ለደን ከሚሰጡት ግብዓት በተጨማሪ ለእንስሳት መኖ ተመራጭ የሆኑ ዝርያዎች ተገኝተዋል፡፡ የአገሪቱ የቁም እንስሳት ኤክስፖርቱ በሕገወጥ ግብይት እየተፈተነ ይገኛል፡፡ የግብርና ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ አቶ ወንድይራድ ማንደፍሮ ይሄ እውነት መሆኑን ጠቅሰው፤ ችግሩን ለመቅረፍ በርካታ ሥራዎች በመከናወን ላይ ይገኛሉ፡፡ የእንስሳት ጤና፣ አገልግሎት አሰጣጥ፣ የትራንስፖርት ሎጂስቲክስ ችግር እንዲሁም የጊዜያዊ ማቆያዎች አለመሟላት መሰረታዊ ማነቆዎች ናቸው፡፡ በመሆኑም ይሄን በመቅረፍ ገቢን ለማሳደግ ይሠራል ብለዋል፡፡

በጎረቤት አገራት ሚዛናዊ የሆነ የእንስሳት አቅርቦት አለመኖርም ሌላው ችግር ተብሏል፡፡ ሕገወጥ ግብይቱም የሕግ ማዕቀፍ እየተዘጋጀለት ይገኛል፡፡ የግብርና ልማት ዓለም አቀፍ ድጋፍ ፕሬዚዳንት ካናዮ ንዋንዜ እንደሚሉት በቀጣዮቹ ሁለት አሰርት ዓመታት የዓለም የምግብ ፍላጎት በእጥፍ እንደሚያድግ ይጠበቃል፡፡ በመሆኑም የቁም እንስሳት ሀብት ያላቸው አገራት ኢንዱስትሪው የሚፈጥርላቸውን መልካም እድል መጠቀም ይገባቸዋል፡፡

ከእነዚህ መካከል ደግሞ አንዷ ኢትዮጵያ በመሆኗ ትኩረት ልትሰጠው ግድ ነው፡፡ ኢልሪ በበርካታ ጉዳዮች ዙሪያ ለሁለት ቀን የሚወያዩ ባለሙያዎች ጋብዟል፡፡ ባለፉት አራት አሰርት ዓመታትም በተለያዩ አፍሪካ አገራት በፖሊሲ፣ በገበያ፣ በቁም እንስሳት እና ዓሣ፣ በምግብ ዋስትና እና በአየር ንብረት ለውጥና ተያያዥ ዘርፎች ምርምር ሲያደርግ ቆይቷል፡፡

ከአዲስ ዘመን የተወሰደ

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Filed under: East Africa, Ethiopia, Event, ILRI40, Livestock Tagged: ilri40

ኢልሪ (ILRI) 40ኛ ዓመቱን እያከበረ ነው: የቁም እንስሳት ዘርፍን ኢኮኖሚያዊ ድርሻ ለማሳደግ እየተሠራ ነው

This blog post is in Amharic, if you are seeing boxes download fonts here.

በሁለተኛው የዕድገትና ትራንስፎ ርሜሽን ዕቅድ ኢትዮጵያ ከቁም እንስሳት ሃብቷ ተገቢውን ጥቅም ለማግኘት ትኩረት ሰጥታ ትሰራለች፡፡

ዓለም አቀፉ የቁም እንስሳት ምርምር ኢንስቲት ዩት (ILRI) የተመሰረተበትን አርባኛ ዓመት በአዲስ አበባ በማክበር ላይ ይገኛል፡፡

ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ደመቀ መኮንን በሥነ ስርዓቱ መክፈቻ ላይ ባደረጉት ንግግር እንደገለጹት፤ ለዘርፉ ከፍተኛ ትኩረት በመስጠት ከቁም እንስሳት የሚገኘውን ገቢ ከማሳደግ በተጨማሪ ለአገሪቱ የምግብ ዋስትና መረጋገጥ የሚጫወተውን ሚና ማሳደግ ይገባል፡፡ የቁም እንስሳት ሃብት ለአጠቃላይ የአገሪቱ ኢኮኖሚ እድገት፣ ድህነት ቅነሳ እንዲሁም ለምግብ ዋስትና መረጋገጥ ወሳኝ ሚና ይኖረዋል፡፡ ለዚህም በቀጣዮቹ ዓመታት የተጠናከረ ስራ ማከናወን ይገባል፡፡

«በበርካታ የልማት ማነቆዎች ምክንያት ኢትዮጵያ ከዘርፉ ማግኘት ያለባትን ጥቅም አላገኘችም» ያሉት ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ፤ በቁም እንስሳት እና ስጋ ሽያጭ ከቀጥተኛ የወጪ ንግድ ገቢ ታገኝ የነበረው 262 ሚሊዮን ዶላር ብቻ ሲሆን ሃብቱ ግን ከዚህ የላቀ ገቢ ማስገኘት እንደሚገባው አመልክተዋል፡፡ በመሆኑም በመሰረተ ልማት፣ በገበያ ስርዓት፣ በእንስሳት ጤና፣ በእንስሳት ጊዚያዊ ማቆያ ላይ የሚታዩ ችግሮችን ለመፍታት ትኩረት ይሰጣል፡፡ በሁለተኛው የእድገትና ትራንስፎርሜሽን ዕቅድ ወቅት በዘርፉ እሴት በመጨመር ለድህነት ቅነሳ ተግባር ሚና ይኖረዋል፡፡

አርባኛ ዓመቱን የሚያከብረው ዓለም አቀፉ የቁም እንስሳት ምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት (ኢልሪ) በአቅም ግንባታ እና ፕሮግራም ማስተባበር ያደረገው አስተዋጽኦ ከፍተኛ ነው፡፡ ለቀጣዩ አስር ዓመታት ተግባራዊ የሚደረግ የቁም እንስሳት ልማት መሪ ዕቅድ በተያዘው ዓመት እንደሚተገበር አቶ ደመቀ አስታውቀዋል፡፡

HE Teferra Derebew, Minister of Agriculture, Ethiopia

የግብርና ሚኒስትሩ አቶ ተፈራ ደርበው በበኩላቸው ከግብርና ውጤት ገሚሱን የሚሸፍነው የቁም እንስሳት ንዑስ ዘርፍ ያሉበትን ማነቆዎች በማቃለል በቀጣይ እንደሚያድግ የሚጠበቀውን የአገር ውስጥ የወተት እና ሥጋ ፍላጎት ለማሟላት አቅሙን ማጎልበት ያስፈልጋል፡፡ እ.አ.አ ከ1974 ጀምሮ በኢትዮጵያ ስራውን የጀመረው ኢልሪ ባለፉት ዓመታት በእንስሳት አመጋገብ እና ጤና አጠባበቅ፣ በአርብቶ አደሩ፣ በእሴት ሰንሰለት፣ በመሬት አጠቃቀምና ሌሎች ቁልፍ ተግባራት ዙሪያ የተለያዩ ጥናቶች ሲያከናውን መቆየቱን ጠቅሰዋል፡፡

ለግብርና ልማት ዓለም አቀፍ ድጋፍ ፕሬዚዳንት ካናዮ ንዋንዜ እንዳሉት፤ በቀጣዮቹ ሁለት አሰርት ዓመታት የዓለም የምግብ ፍላጎት በእጥፍ እንደሚያድግ ይጠበቃል፡፡ በመሆኑም የቁም እንስሳት ሃብት ያላቸው አገራት ኢንዱስትሪው የሚፈጥርላ ቸውን መልካም እድል መጠቀም ይገባቸዋል፡፡

ለሁለት ቀናት በሚካሄድ ኮንፈረንስ አርባኛ ዓመቱን የሚያከብረው ኢልሪ በበርካታ ጉዳዮች ዙሪያ ውይይት የሚያደርጉ ባለሙያዎችን ጋብዟል፡፡

ባለፉት አራት አሰርት ዓመታት በተለያዩ አፍሪካ አገራት በፖሊሲ፣ በገበያ፣ በቁም እንስሳት እና ዓሣ፣ በምግብ ዋስትና እና በዓየር ንብረት ለውጥና ተያያዥ ዘርፎች ምርምር ሲያደርግ ቆይቷል፡፡

ከአዲስ ዘመን የተወሰደ

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Filed under: East Africa, Ethiopia, Event, ILRI40, Livestock Tagged: ilri40

Livestock production crucial to improve smallholder farmers livelihood

Ethiopian Herald. Last week, Deputy Prime Minister of Ethiopia HE Demeke Mekonnen lauded the critical role that livestock production and processing could play in improving smallholder farmers livelihood as well as reducing rural poverty in Ethiopia. The Deputy Prime Minister said so while making keynote speech at the 40th anniversary of International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) with a theme: ‘Livestock-based options for sustainable food and nutritional security, economic well being and healthy lives.’

ILRI DG Jimmy Smith with HE Demeke Mekonnen, Deputy Minister of Ethiopia

The Deputy Premier said though Ethiopia has the largest livestock population in Africa, it has not benefited from the sector due to various developmental challenges. According to him, direct export revenue of live animals and meat was only 262 million USD while potentially, it could easy be quadrupled.

Therefore, he added that research is critical to sustainably increase productivity through combining improved technologies, enabling policies, organizational and institutional arrangements. As to him, improved productivity coupled with lower prices can improve both availability and accessibility of nutrition from animal source foods for poor consumers.

For the coming decades,he said,smallholder production systems will remain crucial for the development of agriculture in Africa and the developing world. The Deputy Premier went on saying that the critical role of research is to identify pathways for sustainable intensification of small farms-most of which are integrated crop livestock farms.

“The livestock production sector creates employment not only in production but also in trading, processing, and marketing. Employment in the sector is high specially in the informal sector of Africa and Asia which constitute as much as 70 per cent of the market,” he added.

With respect to the challenges that are holding the sector growth back in Africa,Demeke said that climate change is causing serious risks on lives and livelihood of poor farmers and their animals.

He noted that the impact of climate change is of three fold on agriculture. The agriculture itself that is contributing to global warming, the increased temperatures changing the biophysical environment and the push for ‘climate smart’ agriculture creating new set of incentives and constraints for farmers to consider when adopting agricultural technologies and strategies.

“Under Ethiopia’s Climate Green Economic Strategies, it was made possible to successfully curve deforestation from 3 per cent of vegetation cover to 11 per cent with only 15 years time,” he said.

Demeke also noted that a key issue is to develop and implement appropriate strategies and support systems that allow smallholder farmers-specialized livestock keepers and crop-livestock mix to adopt technologies at a scale necessary to make a major difference.

“Capacity development and women participation are key components particularly in job creation for key actors in the current and future agriculture development,”Demeke said.

With regard to the country’s future prospect in the livestock sector Minister of Agriculture Tefera Deribew also said Livestock Development Master Plan has been prepared which will be serving as guiding document of livestock investment for the coming ten years that will be implemented through continued government interventions.

Responding to questions from the press over the illegal trade of livestock across the border, Agriculture State Minister Wend-Yerad Mandefro said, “Due to the market and infrastructural problems most of our cattle are traded informally to neighbouring countries with out generating foreign currency. So animal health, traceability and quarantine service are the key components that need to be put in place to address the challenges.”

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) President Kanayo Nwanze on his part said as Africa is a continent with 200 million youths, the livestock sector should be taken as an important enabling economic sector to create jobs and businesses.

Story from Ethiopian Herald

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Filed under: East Africa, Ethiopia, Event, ILRI40, Livestock Tagged: ilri40

New livestock master plan for Ethiopia to help secure more revenue from sector

Daily Monitor. Aiming to increase the contribution of livestock sub-sector through generating more revenue, the government designed new Livestock Development Master Plan (LMP) covering the period 2014–2020.

The upcoming LMP which is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has three key sector analysis areas, dairy cows, red meat and milk from cattle and camels and poultry.

The master plan has a result of contribution from International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) towards national livestock development through capacity building and implementation of joint programs. Deputy Prime Minister Demeke Mekonnen said while making ILRI’s 40 years of establishment in Addis Ababa on Thursday.

Having the largest livestock population in Africa, Ethiopia has not yet benefitted from the sector due to various challenges.

Due to lack of modern infrastructural facilities and market system problems most of the animals are traded informally to neighboring countries failing to generate the expected foreign currency from the specific sector.

Lack of knowledge and problems related to health and infrastructural facilities are other challenges to the development of the sector mentioned at the occasion by Wondirad Mandefro, State Minister of Agriculture.

Despite all these challenges, Demeke stressed that, direct export revenue of live animal and meat was only 262 million US$ while potentially it could easily be quadrupled.

“Animal health, traceability and quarantine services are the key components that need to be put in place in order to change the scenario,” he says.

The ILRI strategy states that livestock often represent as much as 40 percent of agricultural GDP in many developing countries, but frequently receives much smaller proportions of funding and barley features in key policies.

The government also plans to make a value add on livestock products in an integrated intervention approach, according to the State Minister.

The key value chain includes live animals and meat; dairy; hides, skins and leather.

It was also recommended in the consultation that developing and implementing appropriate strategies and support system that allow small farmers – specialized livestock keepers and crop livestock mix to adopt technologies at the scale necessary to make a major difference.

Story from Daily Monitor

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Filed under: East Africa, Ethiopia, Event, ILRI40, Livestock Tagged: ilri40

መካከለኛ ገቢ ያላቸው ዜጎች መጨመርን ተከትሎ የሚያድገውን የምግብ ፍላጎት ለማሟላት የቁም እንስሳት ምርታማነት ማረጋገጥ ያስፈልጋል

This blog post is in Amharic, if you are seeing boxes download fonts here.

አዲስ አበባ ፤ ጥቅምት 28/2007 (ዋኢማ) – መካካለኛ ገቢ ያላቸው ዜጎች ቁጥር መጨመርን ተከትሎ የዜጎችን የምግብ ፍላጎት ለማርካት የእንስሳት ሃብት ምርታማነትን ማረጋገጥ እንደሚያስፈለገ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ደመቀ መኮንን ገለጹ።

ዓለም ዓቀፉ የእንስሳት ሃብት የምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት በኢትዮጵያ 40ኛ ዓመት በዓሉን ዛሬ በአዲስ አበባ አክብሯል።

በዓሉ ”የእንስሳት ሃብት ልማት ለዘላቂ የተመጣጠነ የምግብ ደህንነት፣ ለምጣኔ ሃብት እድገትና ለጤናማ ኑሮ”‘ በሚል ነው የተከበረው።

ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ደመቀ መኮንን በበዓሉ ላይ እንዳሉት እንደ ኢትዮጵያ ባሉ አገራት መካከለኛ ገቢ ያላቸው ዜጎች ቁጥር መጨመር ተከትሎ ከሰሃራ በታች ባሉ የአፍሪካ አገራት የወተት ፍላጎት በቀጣይ ጥቂት ዓመታት በሶስት እጥፍ ያድጋል፡፡

የሌሎች የእንስሳት ተዋጽኦዎች ፍላጎትም በቀጣይ ጥቂት ዓመታት በከፍተኛ መጠን እንደሚያድግ ይጠበቃል።

በ2050 ዓ.ም ከ9 እስከ 10 ቢሊዮን የሚደርሰውን የህዝብ ቁጥር የምግብ ፍላጎት ለማሟላት የምግብ ምርት በየዓመቱ 70 በመቶ ማደግ እንደሚጠበቅበት ጠቅሰው ይህንን ፍላጎት ለማሟላት አፍሪካ ዘላቂ ምርታማነት ላይ ማተኮር እንዳለባት አስረድተዋል።

ለዚህም የተፈጥሮ ሃብት ይዞታና የአየር ንብረት ለውጥን ባገናዘቡ የግብርና ስልቶች፣ በተሻሻሉ ቴክኖሎጂዎችና በምርት ማሳደግ ላይ የምርምር ስራዎች ተጠናክረው መቀጠል እንደሚገባቸውና ለዚሁም አመቺ ፖሊሲና አሰራር ሊዘጋጅ እንደሚገባ  ነው የተናገሩት።

ግብርናው ለድህነት ቅነሳ፣ ለምጣኔ ሃብት እድገት፣ ለተመጣጠነ ምግብ ደህንነትና ለአካባቢ ጥበቃ ከፍተኛ አስተዋጽኦ ያበረክታል።

የእንሰሳት ሃብት ልማቱም ምርት፣ ማቀነባበርና ግብይትን ጨምሮ በተለያዩ የእሴት ሰንሰለቶች ውስጥ ሰፊ የስራ እድል በመፍጠር የዜጎችን ተጠቃሚነት የሚያረጋግጥ ዘርፍ መሆኑንም ነው ያስረዱት።Shirley Tarawali makes process welcome

የዓለም አቀፉ የግብርና ልማት ፈንድ ዋና ፕሬዚዳንት ካናዮ ንዋንዜ በእስያና አፍሪካ የመካከለኛው ገቢ ያላቸው ዜጎች ቁጥር መስፋፋት ማሳየቱ የእንሰሳት ተዋጽኦ ምግቦች ፍላጎትን ያሳድገዋል ብለዋል።

በዓለም ላይ 1 ቢሊየን ሰዎች በቀጥታም ይሁን በተዘዋዋሪ ኑሯቸው ከእንስሳት ሃብት ጋር እንደሚዛመድ ገልጸው ሀብቱን በሚገባ በመጠቀም የምግብ ፍላጎትን  አነስተኛ  አርሶ አደሮችን ማእከል አድርጎ መስራት ያስፈልጋል ነው ያሉት።

”በምግብ አቅርቦት ሰንሰለት ውስጥ የአነስተኛ አርሶ አደሮችን ሚና የምንዘነጋ ከሆነ ድህነትን ማስወገድ አንችልም።” ያሉት ፕሬዚዳንቱ የሴቶች ተጠቃሚነት ሊጎለብት እንደሚገባም ነው ያብራሩት በተለይም በገጠር ያሉ ሴቶች።

”በገጠር አካባቢ ያሉ ሴቶች ምጣኔ ሃብታዊ ተጠቃሚነታቸው ሲረጋገጥ ገንዘቡን ለቤተሰባቸው የኑሮ ደረጃ መሻሻል የማበርከታቸው እድል ከወንዶች ጋር ሲነጻጻር የተሻለ ነው” ብለዋል።

የግብርና ሚኒስትር አቶ ተፈራ ደርበው እያደገ የመጣው መካካለኛ ገቢ ያላቸው ዜጎች ቁጥር ማደግ ለዘርፉ መልካም እድል መሆኑን፣ የእንስሳት ሀብት ልማት ከአገሪቱ አጠቃላይ የአገር ውስጥ ምርት 42 በመቶ ከሚሸፍነው ግብርና ግማሽ ያህሉን ድርሻ እንደሚይይዝ አስረድተዋል።

የምርምር ኢንስቲትዩቱ በእንስሳት አመጋገብ፣ በዝርያ ማሻሻል፣ በእሴት ሰንሰለትና በተለያዩ መስኮች ውጤታማ የምርምር ስራዎችን በኢትዮጵያ ሲያከናውን መቆየቱንም አስረድተዋል።

በተለይም በአቅም ግንባታ ስራዎች ላይ ለተለያዩ የአገሪቱ ባለሙያዎች የአቅም ማሻሻያ ስልጠና ሲሰጥ መቆየቱን በመግለጽ።

አገሪቱ በነደፈችው የአምስት ዓመት የእንስሳት ሃብት ልማት መሪ አቅድ ላይም የጎላ ድርሻ እንደነበረው ጠቁመዋል።

የዓለም አቀፉ የእንስሳት ሃብት የምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት ዋና ዳይሬክተር ጂሚ ስሚዝ በአገሪቱ ውስጥ ለነበራቸው የተመቻቸ ሁኔታና የቆይታ ጊዜ መንግስትና ህዝብን አመስግነዋል።

ተቋሙ ለፖሊሲዎች ግብዓት የሚሆኑ ምርምሮችን በተለያዩ መስኮች አጠናክሮ እንደሚቀጥልም ገልጸዋል።

በበዓሉ ላይ በነገው እለት የእንስሳት ሃብትን ከአካባቢ፣ ከዘላቂ የተመጣጠነ ምግብ ዋስትና፣ ከምጣኔ ሃብትና ከጤናማ ኑሮ አንጻር የሚቃኙ ጥናታዊ ጽሁፎች ይቀርባሉ፡፡ (ኢዜአ)

ከዋልታ ኢንፎ የተወሰደ

ሌላ የዜና ጥንቅሮች:

Filed under: East Africa, Ethiopia, Event, ILRI40, Livestock Tagged: ilri40

አለምአቀፍ የእንሰሳት ምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት 40ኛ አመቱን በማክበር ላይ ነው

This blog post is in Amharic, if you are seeing boxes download fonts here.

አለምአቀፍ የእንሰሳት ምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት ያሳለፋቸውን 40 የምርምር ዓመታት በተለያዩ መርሃ ግብሮች አለምአቀፋዊ ይዘት ባለዉ መልኩ በማክበር ላይ ይገኛል

ከመርሃ ግብሮች አንዱን የILRI ዋና ቢሮ በሚገኝበት አዲስ አበባ ዉስጥ አለምአቀፍ ተመራማሪዎች እና ከፍተኛ የመንግሥት ባለሥልጣኖች በተገኙበት ጥቅምት 27–28 አክብሮአል

የከብት ሀብት ምርምር ለአለምአቀፍ ምግብ እና አልሚ ምግብ እንዲሁም የኢኮኖሚ እና የጤና ጠቀሜታ እንዲያስገኝ የተዘጋጀውን ሴሚናር ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስቴር ደመቀ መኮንን በሸራተን ሆቴል አዳራሽ በመገኘት ከፍተዉታል

HE Teferra Derebew, Demeke Mekonnen Deputy Prime Minister, Jimmy Smith, Director General,  Kanayo Nwanze

ቪዲዬዉን ለመመልከት እዚህ ይጫኑ  (Link to a video report from Ethiopian TV on the ILRI@40 event on 6 November 2014)

ሌላ የዜና ጥንቅሮች:

Filed under: East Africa, Ethiopia, ILRI40, Livestock Tagged: ilri40

Livestock Matter(s): ILRI news ’roundup’ September-October 2014

 ILRI News Round-up banner
The September-October issue of ‘Livestock Matter(s)’ provides a round-up of livestock development news, publications, presentations, images and upcoming events from the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and its partners. Download a print version or sign up to get Livestock Matter(s) in your mailbox each month.

Corporate news

ILRI@40 Cake
ILRI turns 40: Nairobi headquarters marks the anniversary
On  1 October 2014, ILRI hosted a high-profile conference in Nairobi on livestock-based options for sustainable development. In 2014, ILRI is marking 40 years of international livestock researchParticipants at the Nairobi conference included  global, regional and local actors in sustainable livestock development, including farmers, the public and private sectors and research and development agencies.

The power of livestock to transform today’s resource-scarce agricultural lands
A major presentation on the ‘power of livestock’ was made at a  side event at the Borlaug Dialogue on 15 Oct 2014. The side event was hosted by ILRI and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) as part of a series marking ILRI’s 40-year anniversary. The presentation was made by Chris Delgado, who in 1999 led ground-breaking studies showing that a ‘Livestock Revolution’ was taking place in the global South.

ILRI scientist Delia Grace receives the Trevor Blackburn Award for contributions to animal health and food safety
In September 2014 Delia Grace was awarded the British Veterinary Association’s (BVA) Trevor Blackburn Award in recognition of her multiple outstanding contributions to animal health, animal welfare and food safety in Africa and Asia. In particular, she was recognized for her work with community health programs and research into public health and food safety; her pioneering work highlighting the benefits and risks of the engagement of women in livestock farming in developing countries and the delivery of training and studies in numerous African countries.

Getting agriculture ‘back on the table': CGIAR Development Dialogues today in New York
Iain Wright, ILRI’s interim deputy director general for integrated sciences; Tom Randolph, director of the Livestock and Fish program and Iddo Dror, who heads ILRI’s capacity development work represented ILRI and the multi-institutional CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish, which ILRI leads at the CGIAR Development Dialogues in New York on 25 September 2014.

Livestock options to meet development goals: ILRI side event at Tropentag Conference in Prague
On 18 September 2014, ILRI hosted a side event at the Tropentag 2014 International Conference, held at the Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic as part of a series of events marking ILRI’s 40-year anniversary this year.

ILRI researchers test communication approaches for optimizing informed consent processes
While piloting field tools in Morogoro, Tanzania, ILRI researchers tested three alternative tools to use as part of the informed consent process.  Tools used to explain the project for informed consent included a written form, a poster with cartoons (see below) and a poster with photographs.

Experts discuss livestock and livelihoods for Africa
Nearly 500 delegates converged in Nairobi on October 27 2014, to discuss Africa’s Animal Agriculture: Macro-trends and future opportunities. Meeting under the auspices of the 6th  All African Conference on Animal Agriculture, the delegates, comprising mainly of scientific researchers in different aspects of the agricultural field debated issues related to which way for smallholder production systems, market access opportunities for Africa’s livestock producers and Africa’s human capacity challenge for animal agriculture.

More from ILRI news….

Project news Curious pig in Uganda raised for sale

Curious pig in Uganda raised for sale

Uganda smallholder pigs project launches household nutrition and dietary surveys
The Smallholder Pig Value Chain Development project, which is implemented by ILRI and other partners in Uganda, conducted consumer nutrition and dietary surveys from September to November 2014 targeting 1000 households in five districts of Kampala, Masaka, Kamuli, Hoima and Lira.

CTA-ILRI African dairy value chain seminar closes with colourful results
The Technical Centre for Agriculture and Rural Cooperation ACP-EU (CTA) and ILRI organized an African dairy value chain seminar in September 2014 in Nairobi, Kenya. Around 80 participants came from all over Africa and beyond shared experiences, lessons learned, dairy value chain development models and analytical tools to study dairy value chains.

Beyond the (agricultural) field of vision: Situational analysis in northwest Vietnam
ILRI in collaboration with CGIAR and national partners and as part of the Humidtropics CGIAR Research Program has released ‘A situational analysis of agricultural production and marketing and natural resources management systems in northwest Vietnam’.

Cattle fattening in Gamogofa benefits from improved market linkages
Livestock commodity platform meetings organized by the Livestock and Irrigation Value Chains for Ethiopian Smallholders (LIVES) project identified the poorly developed cattle marketing system as the number one challenge in Gamogofa zone. The LIVES regional team facilitated the establishment of market linkages between smallholders cattle fatteners in intervention districts in Gamogofa with a consumers’ cooperative in Addis Ababa.

Media news  ILRI/Samuel Mungai).

Tree planting by Bright Rwamirama, Honourable State Minister for Animal Industry, Uganda Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries

Disease-resistant Napier grass for East African dairy farmers
A collaboration between ILRI, Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO) and the national research institutes of Uganda, Tanzania and Rwanda is researching on a disease resistant Napier grass variety that would be resistant to stunting disease and headsmuts and is expected to be available in the next three years.

Livestock insurance protects cattle-herders in Africa from drought
Over the past several years, ILRI, in collaboration with Cornell University and technical partners, has pursued a research program aimed at designing, developing and implementing insurance products to protect livestock keepers from drought-related asset losses. Using satellite imagery to assess the amount of forage available, Index-Based Livestock Insurance (IBLI) provides insured pastoralists with a pay-out in times of drought based on predicted rather than actual livestock deaths.

Linking smallholder dairy farmers to modern value chains that respond to increasing urban demands in Africa
Many Sub-Saharan African countries have, in general, seen their dairy industries take different development pathways. All over the continent, the challenges of collecting and adding value to milk from itinerant pastoral herds remain daunting. Some countries are net exporters of dairy products while others are net importers. Moreover, language barriers are another obstacle in connecting African dairy value chain stakeholders.

FAO joins with AU-IBAR and ILRI on regional strategy for the control of African swine fever in Africa
The African Union’s Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR), the FAO and ILRI have been collaborating since March 2013 to implement a regional strategy to control ASF in infected countries and to prevent its spread to non-infected countries. The strategy is based on collaboration and partnerships among farmers, traders, veterinary and animal production services, researchers, governments, civil society and development partners.

ILRI research project to address milk poisoning in Kenya
ILRI has commissioned a research project that will ascertain the levels of aflatoxins in the milk consumed in Kenya. Kenyans consume more than 145 litres of milk per person annually increasing the risks associated with milk-related aflatoxins.

CGIAR news-updates from research programs we work in
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Livestock and Fish program publishes a monitoring, evaluation and learning framework designed for research for development programs
The CGIAR research program on Livestock and Fish has just published its Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) framework. The framework provides a concise overview of the monitoring and evaluation (M&E) approach that the program will employ for accountability, management decision making and program learning.

Update on Livestock and Fish smallholder pigs value chain activities in Vietnam
On 25 and 26 September, ILRI staff and national partners met to review and plan activities to transform the smallholder pig value chain in Vietnam. The group were updated on the overall progress of the program; they reviewed and updated earlier work on impact pathways and they discussed ways to intensify collaboration and partnership. Additional attention was given to cross-cutting work on value chain development, scaling activities, gender, and environment.

Integrating gender equality concerns into the Livestock and Fish program
A team from the Royal Tropical Institute (KIT) has been commissioned to support the program integrate gender in its technical flagships and value chains. The starting point is the existing gender strategy that combines strategic and integrated gender research and identifies gender accommodative and gender transformative approaches.

Recent presentations Why invest in livestock-based options for livelihoods, healthy lives and a sustainable environment?

This presentation by Modibo Traore of FAO on Why invest in livestock -based options for livelihoods, healthy lives and sustainable environment? was presented at the ILRI @40 conference on livestock- based options for sustainability food and nutritional security, economic well-being and healthy lives, in Nairobi, Kenya on 1 October,2014.

Livestock innovation systems: Research contributions from ILRI over the decades

In this presentation, given at the Tropentag 2014 conference, Ann Waters-Bayer, a former ILRI researcher, looks back on research contributions from ILRI over the decades and her experiences of working with ILRI.

ILRI initiative seeks new-generation vaccines against major livestock diseases
This poster, prepared for the Tropentag 2014 conference, explains the work of the vaccine biosciences group at the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) which proposes to take advantage of rapid advances in biosciences and vaccine development to produce a new generation of vaccines for major livestock diseases such as African swine fever (ASF), contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP), East Coast fever (ECF), peste des petits ruminants (PPR) and Rift Valley fever (RVF).

More presentations

Recent publications



ILRI and livestock research in Asia – Synergy between technology and public policy is key
To mark 40 years international livestock research, Purvi Mehta (ILRI India) talks with Professor M.S. Swaminathan. He reflects on the reasons for the establishment of ILRI and its predecessors ILCA and ILRAD and he explains why livestock are important in India and South Asia. Referring to India’s dairy revolution, he says that ‘if you bring all the ingredients together – breeding to feeding to marketing, processing and selling, we can achieve very high growth rates.’

ILRI under the lens ILRI staff after attending the conference

ILRI staff after attending the conference at the ILRI@40 conference in Nairobi, 1 Oct 2014 (photo credit: ILRI/Paul Karaimu).

To mark 4o years, this issue  features  a collection of past  International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) directors.  View more of these photos here

Upcoming events

Nov 10 -14: BecA-ILRI Hub scientific research paper writing training workshop, ILRI, Nairobi campus
Nov 10 -14: 16th Asian Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies (AAAP) Congress, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Nov 11 -12: Africa RISING program learning event, Arusha, Tanzania
Nov 18 -20: International conference: Climate Change and Vector-Borne Diseases: Past, Present and Futures, Kigali, Rwanda
Nov 19 -21,: Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2), FAO, Rome
Nov 26-28: Celebrating FARA: Renewing, Repositioning and Refocusing, Johannesburg
Dec 8-12: Global Food Safety Partnership 3rd Annual Conference, Cape Town , South Africa

Staff updates

In September and October we welcomed the following staff:

  • Bridget Otieno, Finance
  • Nicholas Mwenda, ICT customer services officer, ICT
  • John Nyingi, Finance
  • Edwin Kimani Kang’ethe, project officer – mNutrition
  • Evalyne Njiiru, environment, occupational health and safety officer – research
  • Victor Gatimu, facilities technician, transport
  • Victoria Kyallo, project manager – urban zoo, Animal Biosciences Program
  • Mark Kapchanga Kwemoi, communication specialist, ReSAKKS
  • Asaah Ndambi, livestock scientist, LSE program
  • Raphael Mrode, quantitative geneticist – dairy cattle, Animal Biosciences Program

We said goodbye to

  • Lucy Wangari Macharia, compensation and benefits manager, People & Organizational Development
  • Cecilia Njeri Rumberia, laboratory technician, Animal Biosciences Program
  • Peter Koinange Kagiri, head mechanic, Operations, Kenya
  • Wilson Mwangi Kimani, research technician – Crops, BecA-ILRI Hub
  • Kenneth Oluoch Ouma, conferencing assistant, Conference and Housing
  • Tatjana Sitt, post-doctoral scientist
  • Bryn Elizabeth Davies, marketing and capacity development manager, IBLI

Filed under: ILRI, ILRIComms, Livestock, Research, Roundup Tagged: Livestock matters, Roundup

Northwest Vietnam situation analysis starting point for Humidtropics research in Central Mekong

Terraced rice fields in Northwest Vietnam

Terraced rice fields in Northwest Vietnam

The International Livestock Research Institute recently published a ‘situational analysis of agricultural production and marketing, and natural resources management systems in northwest Vietnam’ for the Humidtropics CGIAR research program.

The situation analysis is a starting point for the program’s work in one of the four geographical ‘Action Area Flagships’ where innovations are tested to meet the challenges of stakeholders. It paints a comprehensive and broad picture of the current systems that are key to tackling the problems faced in the target field sites.

For the northwest Vietnam action site, the report aims to characterize broadly all important system aspects that are relevant to the Program within the target Action Sites. It also harnesses the various partner skills and experiences to develop a common and shared understanding of the issues that need to be addressed and potential solutions, particularly between international and national partners, allowing local and global expertise to play complementary roles. Finally, it helps initiate and facilitate engagement with stakeholders and partners as part of the R4D platform development that is needed for the long-term success and scalability of the Program.

In the Central Mekong Action Area, Humidtropics focuses on concerns that emerged from stakeholder consultations during the program’s development.

First, there is low or decreased productivity of smallholder farmers who practice maize monocropping, grow potato and banana, engage in homestead production of livestock and vegetables, and other products.

Second, smallholder farmers in the region continue to have little access to markets and have relatively insignificant influence on value chains. This is mainly because farmers (including women and ethnic minorities) have little institutional power.

Third, total farm income remains relatively low. In addition, environmental impacts are increasing in areas where farming practices are intensifying to boost yields. High chemical inputs and unsustainable farming practices have contributed to land degradation, soil erosion, decreased soil fertility and loss of natural forest ecosystems, thereby increasing the vulnerability of poor people.

Finally, household characteristics such as income, education and asset ownership may not effectively influence household well-being due to gender disparities and cultural norms that influence decision-making at the household level.

Concentrating on the major farming systems in the Northwest Vietnam Action Site, Humidtropics research is considering potential interventions that have been developed during the early stakeholder consultations process, but will still be subjected to the evidence gathered. These include integrated livestock systems, improved tree–crop systems (e.g., ‘green rubber’, shade coffee and more), improved rice production systems, conservation agriculture and sustainable food crop/multicrop systems (e.g., improved cassava-based and banana-based systems, maize/agroforestry-based production), among others.

The Northwest Vietnam Action Site is part of the larger Central Mekong Action Area that comprises several parts of Vietnam, Lao PDR, Cambodia, Thailand, and China. It is considered part of the Green Triangle zone of mostly upland mixed systems occurring in northwest Vietnam and southern China.

Download the report

Filed under: Asia, CRP12, Farming Systems, Food security, Humid Tropics, ILRI, Livelihoods, Livestock, Livestock Systems, Markets, NRM, PTVC, Report, Research, Southeast Asia, Vietnam Tagged: humidtropics, Mekong