East Africa Clippings

Tanzania milk association (TAMPA) and research institute (TLRI) laud MilkIT innovation platforms

Milk IT logo

‘. . . Speaking exclusively to the “Daily News on Saturday”, the Tanzania Milk Processors Association Executive Secretary, Mr Edmond Mariki, said that

innovation platforms used in the three-year MilkIT project that enhanced dairy-based livelihoods in India and Tanzania through feed innovation and value chain development approaches is something they welcome.

‘”We strongly believe that through innovation platforms which bring together stakeholders to identify solutions to common problems will go a long way to solving problems dairy farmers face,” he said. . . .

‘Mr Mariki said that by using this approach that puts farmers and processors on the same table, more milk will be collected. He said [the country] presently collects 150,000 litres daily . . . whilst the demand stands at 500,000 litres. . . .

‘”According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) requirements,

a person should consume at least 200 litres of milk per year. In Tanzania we consume an average of 45 litres annually while Kenyans consume 120 litres,” he said. . . .

The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) Country Programme Officer, Mr Aimable Ntukanyagwe, said that he is impressed with the findings of the MilkIT project that is drawing to a close at the end of the year and believes that such a project can be scaled up at a regional level.

‘Mr Ntukanyagwe said that the evidence from Tanzania and India proved that it was a viable project and one that should be emulated.

‘International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) livestock scientist Mr Alan Duncan said that the project worked on dairy value chains in India and Tanzania, where in both countries milk already is an important commodity, while projected supply-demand gaps for milk and milk products indicate a need for intensification.

‘Mr Duncan said that the project formed part of a larger body of work on dairy value chains in India and Tanzania.’

Read the whole article in the Tanzania Daily News: Innovation key for more milk production, 27 Dec 2014.

Read more about the MilkIT project: https://fodderadoption.wordpress.com/tag/milkit/

Filed under: Animal Feeding, Article, ASSP, CRP37, Dairying, East Africa, Feeds, ILRI, India, Tanzania Tagged: Alan Duncan, IFAD, MilkIT, Tanzania Daily News, Tanzania Livestock Research Institute, Tanzania Milk Processors Association

African biosciences research critical for transforming African smallholder agriculture

Gity Behrevan during the BecA-Sweden partnership review in Nairobi, November 2013

Gity Behrevan during the BecA-ILRI-Sweden partnership review in Nairobi, November 2013 (photo credit: BecA-ILRI Hub/Tim Hall).

‘Biosciences research could transform Africa’s agriculture and lead to food and nutrition security, but little is being done locally to support its funding, experts say.

‘Researchers and policymakers who attended a review meeting of the Biosciences eastern and central Africa-International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI)-Sweden partnership in Kenya last month (10-14 November) expressed concern that African governments are not investing enough in research that promotes biosciences despite its potential to improve agriculture.

‘“Our research programmes are mainly funded and supported by external donors,” says BecA-ILRI Hub director Appolinaire Djikeng. “This poses sustainability risks to our work if the donors withdraw. Djikeng urges African universities to be more involved in developing biosciences. . . .

‘The delegates commended the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) for supporting the partnership which runs various research programmes aimed at increasing food security and climate change mitigation.

‘The five-year, US$24 million partnership that began in 2011 with funding from Sida has aided research in crop and livestock improvement, tissue culture and capacity building across Sub-Saharan Africa, says Djikeng. For example, a genetic diversity for goat improvement project at two research sites in Cameroon and Ethiopia that has aided the promotion and use of existing and new knowledge to improve goat husbandry and management at farm and policy levels.

‘Gity Behravan, the senior research advisor and first secretary regional research cooperation at the embassy of Sweden in Kenya, tells SciDev.Net: “We aim to continue supporting Africa in [the] alignment to its development agenda,” noting that their programmes will focus on addressing Africa’s agricultural challenges through risk analysis. . . .

‘Francis Wachira, the deputy executive director of the Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa, appreciates the partnership and calls for its continuation as it is helping in addressing Africa’s food security and capacity building challenges. . . .’

Read the whole article at SciDevNet: Biosciences research ‘key but gets small local support’, 25 Dec 2014.

For more information, visit the BecA-ILRI Hub website.

Filed under: Agriculture, Article, Australia, BecA, Central Africa, East Africa, Goats, ILRI, Research Tagged: Appolinaire Djikeng, ASARECA, Biosciences, SciDevNet, SIDA, Sweden

Reducing the vulnerability of Somali livestock communities through capacity development and enhanced market access

Hargeisa livestock market buying and selling

Hargeisa livestock market buying and selling

According to ILRI’s Nadhem Mtimet, livestock provides around 60% of gross domestic product (GDP) in Somaliland and the sector employs over 70% of the population. Livestock producers, he says, are very market-oriented, and the country exports around three million small ruminants each year to Saudi Arabia and other countries in the Middle East.

Ensuring high quality and disease-free animals for export is thus critical to the development of the Somalia’s northern states of Somaliland and Puntland. There is also a growing need to balance the production of more animals with the sustainable management of the dry areas in which the animals are reared. Staff of the IGAD Sheikh Technical Veterinary School (ISTVS) and Reference Centre already see the need for more action and research on issues around soil and land degradation, dryland management and adaptation to climate change. It is not enough to just produce more animals, they need to be better, and produced better.

ILRI’s engagement in Somalia reaches back at least 10 years, with active involvement in several research for development projects, usually alongside NGO partner Terra Nuova.

Mtimet explains that the most important livestock sector challenges he encountered in the project relate to livestock production in terms of access to feed and water and animal health – dealing with diseases, pests and parasites. Livestock marketing is also hampered by insufficient market information for the producers.

He sees the greatest opportunity as the ‘increasing export market demand especially from Saudi Arabia and the geographic location of Somalia close to the Gulf countries. Large foreign private investments are happening which is improving the infrastructure and securing stable demand along the year.’

Somalia is one of the world’s poorest countries and has endured a prolonged civil war. While livestock are critical to the economy, and they support a large part of the population, processing of agricultural products is a small part of GDP.

As an ISTVS professor remarked: Somaliland needs to move from exporting livestock ‘on the hoof’ to exporting livestock ‘on the hook’ – with more value adding activities taking place in Somalia.

This, along with the emerging sustainability agenda, calls for stronger research and learning systems and institutions, more evidence-based decision making – and evidence on which to decide, and effective market organizations and linkages.

Batch of export quality Somali sheep and goats

Batch of export quality Somali sheep and goats

Following the collapse of the Somali state the private sector (including individuals and organizations) have grown impressively, particularly in trade, commerce, transport, remittances and infrastructure services. The primary sectors (livestock, agriculture and fisheries) have led the way. However, capacities of the evolving institutions remain limited, particularly in regulatory services and in transforming export market opportunities into higher incomes and broader development results.

Achieving these market opportunities and delivering their benefits to the rural poor, in Somalia’s extreme physical and institutional environment, requires enhanced investment in and use of the indigenous knowledge base.

Reducing Vulnerability of Somali Communities project

The current project (officially ‘reducing vulnerability of Somali communities by raising the capacity of indigenous systems and enhancing market access and consumer welfare’) was initiated in 2012 and it runs until June 2015. It aims to strengthen local capacity to mobilize and use knowledge from Somali livestock research in decision making. It also aims to enhance the capacities of public and private sectors to improve livestock products’ marketing and safety.

Mtimet: The project is targeting 3 main objectives: First, improving the indigenous knowledge about Somali livestock breeding and marketing practices; second, improving the technical and scientific skill of ISTVS staff through capacity building; and third, increasing the awareness of donors, development agencies, and other international organization about the importance of the livestock sector and attracting those partners to invest more in the sector

Research and knowledge strengthening results are delivered through support to the ISTVS so it can better conduct and disseminate applied research. The idea is for the ISTVS to become a valuable knowledge base and able to partner with regional and international research institutions.

Market access results are delivered through activities that foster the establishment of public-private partnerships to formulate product standards as a way of improving international trade. It also helps consolidate Livestock Market Information System (LMIS) operated by the local Chambers of Commerce, Industries and Agriculture.

So far, the project has developed partnerships between the Somaliland Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture (SLCCIA), the Somaliland Quality Control Commission (SQCC), the Ministries of Livestock and Commerce, the IGAD Sheikh Technical Veterinary School, Terra Nuova and the Kenya Bureau Standards (KEBS). In Puntland, partnerships have been forged between the Puntland Chamber of Commerce, the Puntland Food Quality Control unit of the Ministry of Agriculture, Ministries of Livestock, Health, Fisheries and Commerce, Department of Water, Terra Nuova and KEBS.

What’s been achieved so far?

Result 1 (on knowledge and capacity development) is focused around the ISTVS, established in 2002, to take on some important training, research and extension roles in the Somali ecosystem that stopped as a result of the collapse of the Somali Federal government in 1991.

The ‘school’ provides professional and academic courses and has links with universities in Kenya, Uganda, and Ethiopia to develop its staff and deliver accredited BSc education. It is being attained through intensive capacity building, largely enabled by ILRI. Activities will enable the ISTVS Reference Centre to conduct and disseminate applied research to local audiences of livestock value chain actors and the nascent civil society. This work is only implemented in Somaliland and has made progress in five main areas.

ISTVS PRA data collection with female community members in Sheikh (Somaliland)

ISTVS students carry our PRA data collection with community members in Sheikh

  1. Research methods training and support combined with mentored action research has been provided to academic staff, especially juniors at the ISTVS. The aim was to familiarize them with conventional and participatory research approaches and tools and gain skills to document and write up science.
  2. Research on livestock importer requirements in importing countries has been carried out in Saudi Arabia to study both the tail end of the up-stream market (Somaliland) and the end-market. This is intended to the help identify opportunities and constraints for the various actors along the market chain and ways to address these.
  3. Activities are underway to promote uptake of applied research results into academic teaching and the wider communities. Findings from past ILRI and Terra Nuova value chain studies have been incorporated into the ISTVS training curricula/program as teaching notes for Diploma students. Students are encouraged to get out to the field – and markets – to gain in-depth knowledge on the functioning and importance of the value chain and the market information systems that support it.
  4. Participants in the project have carried out a number of studies on issues around markets, animal production and pastoralist challenges and opportunities. These are being written up for wider dissemination locally and beyond.
  5. Finally, the functional infrastructure of ISTVS has been upgraded with improvements to labs, offices, power supply and an extension of the kitchen and refectory.

A new focus in recent months focuses on communications and knowledge sharing – examining opportunities to better generate and document knowledge in the ISTVS, making it widely accessible to different stakeholders.

Mtimet: ISTVS is probably the unique “quality” centre in Somalia that has some skills and is developing new skills to tackle the problems that livestock keepers are facing in terms of animal health, animal husbandry, feeding, mating, marketing, etc.

Result 2 (on markets and regulation) is being implemented with chambers of commerce in Somaliland and Puntland. They have brought in the Kenya Bureau of Standards (KEBS) to help establish public-private partnerships to develop and implement appropriate standards and instruments for the sector. This work has made progress in five main areas:

Livestock export quarantine center at Berbera port, Somaliland

Livestock export quarantine center at Berbera port, Somaliland

  1. Work to identify gaps in export standards, needs and policies has been finalized and reports detailing the current status and strategy to improve the quality infrastructure have been developed for Puntland and Somaliland.
  2. Assistance was provided to the chambers to develop a set of Guidelines for Grading of Export Quality Livestock. These contain specifications for different grades for export quality livestock covering cattle, sheep, goats and camels. The chambers were also helped to enforce standards compliance using two codes of practice developed earlier in the project on 1) the Welfare of Export Quality Livestock During Land and Sea Transport and 2) the Welfare of Livestock While at Sale Yards and Quarantine Station. Finally, financial support was provided to the Somaliland chamber to help meet the operational costs of running the Livestock Market Information System (LMIS).
  3. In terms of regulatory support, the project supported development of a draft Somaliland Quality Control Commission Bill that aims to entrench SQCC within the laws of Somaliland. In Puntland, work also began to define the type of standards body sought by the different stakeholders.
  4. This quality control work was supported at the ISTVS through the establishment of a new food laboratory to provide food safety and hygiene surveillance services. Analysts from the food quality laboratory were attached to KEBS in June 2014 to familiarize themselves with the analytical operations of accredited testing laboratories and gain first-hand experience on how a (documented) quality system is implemented.
  5. Finally, since animal health surveillance and delivery of livestock services are so important to the sector, Ministries of Livestock received financial support for networking, communication and supervisory linkages between Regional Veterinary Offices and Directors of Animal Health. A disease surveillance fund was set up in Somaliland to cover operational costs of rapid response teams and to procure laboratory equipment, reagents and diagnostic test kits for early confirmation of trade-limiting animal diseases and sero-surveillance of OIE-listed diseases.

Mtimet: We aim to have a much better understanding of the requirements and standards of importing countries and specifically Saudi Arabia, as well as better assessments of livestock producers’ knowledge about grading systems leading to activities (such as training) to improve their knowledge

More information

This post was developed with Nadhem Mtimet, an Agricultural Economist in ILRI’s Policy, Trade and Value Chains program.

This work in Somalia has been supported by the Government of Denmark and the European Union.

Filed under: Agriculture, Animal Production, Capacity Strengthening, CRP2, Drylands, East Africa, ILRI, Integrated Sciences, Livestock, Markets, Project, PTVC, Research, Small Ruminants, Somalia Tagged: ISTVS, Nadhem Mtimet, Somaliland, Terra Nuova

Ethiopia livestock master plan presents roadmaps for growth and transformation

This poster, prepared for the ILRI@40 series of events, gives an overview of Ethiopia’s Livestock Master Plan (LMP) that is as part of the country’s wider growth and transformation plan II for 2015-2020.

The master plan, which the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) contributed to, is based on a qualitative and fact-based livestock sector model and analysis. The new plan will see improvement in Ethiopia’s poultry breeds and forages and the creation and maintenance of a livestock population database in the country.

Ethiopian Livestock Master Plan (LMP): Roadmaps for growth and transformation (2015-2020) from ILRI

Visit ilri.org/40 for more information.

Follow #ilri40 on Twitter.

Filed under: Agriculture, Animal Production, East Africa, Ethiopia, ILRI, ILRI40, Livelihoods, Livestock, Research Tagged: poster

Kenya, hotspot for aflatoxin poisoning, opens aflatoxin lab and ‘aflasafe’ facility for biocontrol of this fungal toxin

ILRI aflatoxin infographic

ILRI aflatoxin infographic, Nov 2013.

‘In an effort to address aflatoxin poisoning, which has killed more than 100 people in the country, the Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation (Kalro) has launched the first ever Aflatoxin lab in Kenya.

‘According to the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Kenya is one of the world’s hotspots for aflatoxins, with the highest incidence of acute toxicity ever documented being in 2004 and 2010.

‘In 2010, the government estimated that 10 per cent of the maize harvest was contaminated by aflatoxin, with losses valued at Sh89 billion, which cut across the value chain, hence affecting farmers, millers, traders and consumers.

‘This led to a mop up of about 155,000 bags (90kgs) of contaminated maize valued at Sh465 million.

‘The impact on health is alarming especially for small-scale farmers whose families consume their own production.

‘The aflatoxin laboratory was launched last week by Agriculture Cabinet Secretary Felix Koskei. It will help intercept maize with high toxin levels.

‘The minister also launched construction of a Sh14.62 million facility to produce a bio-pesticide known as aflasafe, which can suppress aflatoxin producing fungi in the soil.

The plant will be expected to produce 15 tons of the aflasafe in a week, with the initial target being to produce sufficient amounts to treat about 100, 000 hectares. The facility will also serve in making aflasafe for local and regional trials and serve as a demonstration facility for manufacturing and business plan development,” he said, adding that construction of the factory, the first of its kind in Africa, will be completed within 12 months.

‘Speaking during the ground breaking ceremony of the Aflasafe Modular manufacturing factory in Katumani, Machakos County, Koskei said there is need for a modern and well-equipped laboratory with highly trained scientists for constant surveillance and monitoring. . . .’

Read the whole article in The Star (Kenya): Why aflatoxin may soon be a thing of the past, 18 Nov 2014.

Read more about research on aflatoxins in East Africa

Aflatoxins in Kenya’s food chain: Overview of what researchers are doing to combat the threat to public health, 6 May 2014

‘Bio-control’=effective control of aflatoxins poisoning Kenya’s staple food crops, 13 Feb 2014

Dairy feed project to reduce aflatoxin contamination in Kenya’s milk, 11 Feb 2014

Australia-funded research fights aflatoxin contamination in East African foods, 6 Feb 2014

Aflatoxins: New briefs disclose the threat to people and livestock and what research is doing about it, 30 Mar 2014

Are aflatoxins contaminating the milk you’re drinking in Kenya? New research to find out, 27 Mar 2014

Kenya is hotspot for alfatoxin-related deaths–Report, 4 Apr 2014

Filed under: Agri-Health, Article, BecA, CRP4, Diagnostics, Disease Control, East Africa, Food Safety, FSZ, ILRI, Kenya Tagged: Aflasafe, aflatoxins, Felix Koskei, KALRO, The Star (Kenya_

FAO’s Modibo Traore and Uganda’s Bright Rwamirama at ILRI@40 Nairobi conference (1 Oct)

Bright Rwamirama, Honourable State Minister for Animal Industry, Uganda, and Modibo Traoré, of FAO

Bright Rwamirama, Honourable State Minister for Animal Industry, Uganda (left), and Modibo Traoré, FAO sub-regional coordinator for eastern Africa and representative to Ethiopia, the African Union and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, at the ILRI@40 conference in Nairobi, 1 Oct 2014 (photo credit: ILRI/Paul Karaimu).

Which matters most to Africa’s agricultural development? Research or infrastructure? We heard that both were vital at ILRI’s 40-year anniversary event in Nairobi, Kenya, on 1 Oct 2014. (No arguments from us!)

‘Research must precede Africa’s efforts to attain food security and reduce poverty through investments in smallholder agriculture, a livestock conference has heard. Livestock experts argue that without first conducting research, any investment increase in the smallholder system would be unsustainable, and could harm the environment.

‘Modibo Traoré, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) sub-regional coordinator for Eastern Africa, in a keynote address during a conference to mark the 40th anniversary of the International Livestock Research Institute last month (1 October), noted that the African scientific community must help produce evidence-based research.

Due to little investment in livestock research, predictions by various institutions show that Africa will be importing 15 per cent of its milk unless things change drastically.”. . .

‘Many governments in Africa are not adequately funding agricultural research and less money goes into livestock research . . . .

“Due to little investment in livestock research, predictions by various institutions show that Africa will be importing 15 per cent of its milk unless things change drastically,” Traore added.

‘Uganda’s minister for animal industry, said his government has prioritised investment in infrastructure including roads and electricity to facilitate smooth market access and to enable value additions to thrive. . . .

[Bright] Rwamirama acknowledged the success story of smallholder dairy sectors in Kenya and Uganda which are now able to meet domestic demand and export, proving that cash invested in research, disease control and productivity was money well spent.’

Read the whole article at SciDevNet: Research key to ‘sustainable smallholder agriculture’, 6 Nov 2014.

More information about ILRI@40

Plenary sessions of both days (6-7 Nov 2014) of the ILRI@40 conference in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia are available on our livestream site: http://www.ilri.org/livestream

Visit ilri.org/40 to find out about the other ILRI@40 events.

Follow #ilri40 on Twitter.

Read recent blog posts about ILRI@40:

High-profile ILRI conference discusses the future of livestock research for healthy animals and people, 12 Nov 2014

Animal agriculture research director envisions developing-world livestock sector in 2054, 7 Nov 2014

Help smallholders protect their environments and adapt to climate change—IFAD president challenges livestock researchers, 7 Nov 2014

African animal agriculture: Grasping opportunities as a great livestock transition gets under way, 4 Nov 2014

A major presentation on ‘the power of livestock’ to transform today’s resource-scarce agricultural lands, 27 Oct 2014

In Des Moines for the World Food Prize? Join the special BMGF-ILRI livestock roundtable this evening, 15 Oct 2014

ILRI turns 40: Nairobi headquarters marks the anniversary, 6 Oct 2014

This week ILRI hosts a major conference in Nairobi on livestock-based options for development, 29 Sep 2014

Livestock innovation systems: Research contributions from ILRI over the decades, 23 Sep 2014

Natural resources: Abundant or scarce? (That would depend on just how ‘natural’ we think human resources are), 18 Sep 2014

Livestock options to meet development goals: ILRI side event at Tropentag Conference in Prague, 17 Sep

ILRI@tropentag 2014: Livestock-based options for sustainable food and nutritional security and healthy lives, 16 Sep 2014

The International Livestock Research Institute turns 40–Join us at an ILRI@40 event!, 4 July 2014

Filed under: Agriculture, Article, Directorate, East Africa, ILRI, ILRI40, Kenya, Markets, Policy, Pro-Poor Livestock, Uganda Tagged: Bright Rwamirama, FAO, Modibo Traore, SciDevNet

ኢትዮጵያ ከቁም እንስሳት ሀብት ማግኘት ያለባትን ጥቅም አላገኘችም

This blog post is in Amharic, if you are seeing boxes download fonts here.

ሰሃራ በታች ከሚገኙ አገሮች በተለይም ኢትዮጵያና ጎረቤት ኬንያ ስለ ቁም እንስሳት ሀብታቸው ብዙ ይባልላቸዋል፡፡ ይሁንና ተደጋግሞ እንደሚገለጸው አገሮቹ ካላቸው እምቅ አቅም አንፃር ተጠቃሚነታቸው ሲፈተሽ ከባህር ላይ በጭልፋ የመጥለቅ ያህል የሚጋነን ነው፡፡

ሌላው ቀርቶ «…ከከብቶቹ በፊት ነው የሞተው እርሱ!» የሚለውን አገርኛ ብሂል ነጥለን ስናይ፤ እንስሳት በኢትዮጵያ ከአርቢዎቻቸው ጋር ያላቸው ቅርበት የቤተሰብ አባላት ያህል ጥልቅ መሆኑን ለመረዳት ያስችለናል፡፡ ይሁንና በአርቢዎቻቸው ይሄን ያህል ትኩረት የሚያገኙት የቁም እንስሳት እንደ ግለሰብም ሆነ እንደ አገር የሚያስገኙት ጥቅም «ባለህበት እርገጥ» የሚባል አይነት ነው፡፡

ይሄን በአግባቡ የተረዳው መንግሥት ዘርፉ ላይ የሚታዩትን እንቅፋቶች በማስወገድ ተገቢውን ኢኮኖሚያዊ ጥቅም ለማስገኘት በርካታ ውጥኖችን ነድፎ ለከርሞ እየተንቀሳቀሰ ነው፡፡ ሰሞኑን የምስረታውን 40ኛ ዓመት በማክበር ላይ የሚገኘው ዓለም አቀፉ የቁም እንስሳት ምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት (ILRI) ዘርፉን ይበልጥ ለማጎልበት ከኢትዮጵያ ጋር በጋራ እንደሚሠራ ጠቁሟል፡፡

Panelist Livestock – economic well-being

በክብረ በዓሉ መክፈቻ ላይ የተገኙት የኢፌዴሪ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ደመቀ መኮንን «በበርካታ የልማት ማነቆዎች ምክንያት ኢትዮጵያ ከቁም እንስሳት ሀብት ማግኘት ያለባትን ጥቅም አላገኘችም» በማለት ዘርፉ በቀጣይ ቁልፍ የመንግሥት የትኩረት ማረፊያ እንደሚሆን ያነሳሉ፡፡

በቅርብ ዓመታት ውስጥ የዓለማችን ህዝብ ቁጥር ከሰባት ቢሊዮን በላይ መድረሱ ይታወሳል፡፡ የዜጎች ቁጥር በዚህ እድገት ከቀጠለ እ.አ.አ በ2050 ዓለም ከዘጠኝ እስከ አስር ቢሊዮን ልጆች ይኖሯታል ተብሎ ይገመታል፡፡ በመሆኑም ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ እንደሚሉት ይሄ የሰዎች ቁጥር ፈጣን እድገት አሁን ያለውን የዓለማችን የምግብ ምርት እስከ 70 በመቶ ማሳደግ እንደሚገባ የሚያስገድድ ይሆናል፡፡ ለእዚህ ደግሞ ሰፊ የግብርና ምርት ውጤት ባለቤቷ አፍሪካ ከመቼውም ጊዜ የበለጠ በነቃ መልኩ ተጠቃሚነቷን ማስጠበቅ ይቻላታል፡፡ ምክንያቱም የዓለማችን ሰፊ የምግብ ግብዓት በመሆን የሚታወቀው የእንስሳት ተዋፅኦ በአፍሪካ በመኖሩ ነው፡፡

የተጠቃሚነት እድሉን መፃዒነት ወደ ኢትዮጵያ አምጥተን ስንመለከትም ሁኔታው ተቀራራቢ ነው፡፡ ሀብቱ የሌሎች አህጉራትን ምግብ ፍላጎት ከመሙላቱ በተጓዳኝ በቀጥታም ይሁን በተዘዋዋሪ ለምጣኔ ሀብት እድገት፣ ድህነት ቅነሳ እና የምግብ ዋስትና በዘላቂነት መረጋገጥ ቀጥተኛ ሚና ይኖረዋል፡፡ «የቁም እንስሳት ለምግብ ዋስትና መረጋገጥ አይነተኛ ሚና ይጫወታሉ» የሚሉት ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ፤ ዘርፉን ማሳደግ በተለይም ከእንስሳት ተዋፅኦ የሚገኙ ከፍተኛ ጥራት ያላቸውን ፕሮቲንና ካሎሪስ በተመጣጣኝ ዋጋ ለማግኘት እንደሚያስችል ይናገራሉ፡፡ ከእንስሳት ተዋፅኦ 26በመቶ ፕሮቲን እንዲሁም 13 በመቶ ካሎሪስ እንደሚገኝም እንዲሁ፡፡

በቀጣይ ዓለማችን ላይ ከሚጠበቀው የነዋሪዎች መብዛት በተጨማሪ ቀጥተኛ የእንስሳት ውጤቶች ፍላጎት ማደጉ የማይቀር ነው፡፡ ለአብነትም ሌላውን ዓለም ትተን ከሰሃራ በታች በሚገኙ አገሮች ብቻ ብንመለከት የወተት ፍጆታ በጥቂት አሰርት ዓመታት ውስጥ አሁን ካለው ሦስት እጥፍ እንደሚያድግ ይተነበያል፡፡ በመሆኑም ባለሙያዎች እንደሚሉት እንስሳትን ከተለያዩ በሽታዎች በመጠበቅ ዘርፉን ቁልፍ የኢኮኖሚ መሰረት ማድረግ ይቻላል፡፡

አቶ ደመቀ እንደሚሉት ታዲያ በተለይም የአነስተኛ አርሶ አደሮች ምርታማነት ሥርዓት ላይ ትኩረት ሰጥቶ መሥራት በማደግ ላይ ለሚገኙ አገራት ወሳኝ ነው፡፡ ለዚህ ደግሞ እንደ «ኢልሪ» ያሉ ምርምር አድራጊዎች በአነስተኛ አርሶ አደሮች ላይ ማተኮራቸው ዘላቂነት ላለው የግብርና ልማት መሰረት ይሆናል፡፡

የኢትዮጵያ ተጠቃሚነት አሁንም ትኩረት ተሰጥቶት ሊሰራ ይገባል፡፡ ምክንያቱም ባለፉት ዓመታት እንደታየው አገሪቱ ከቁም እንስሳት እና ስጋ ሽያጭ ቀጥተኛ የወጪ ንግድ ገቢዋ 262 ሚሊዮን የአሜሪካን ዶላር ብቻ ነው፡፡ ጉዳዩን ይበልጥ አንገብጋቢ የሚያደርገው ደግሞ ዘርፉ ሊሰጥ የሚችለው ጥቅም ከተጠቀሰው ገቢ በአራት እጥፍ ማስገኘት የሚችል መሆኑ ነው፡፡ በመሆኑም እንደ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ገለጻ በመሰረተ ልማት፣ በቀልጣፋ የገበያ ሥርዓት፣ በእንስሳት ጤና እና በእንስሳት ጊዜያዊ ማቆያ ላይ የሚታዩ ችግሮች መፈታት አለባቸው፡፡

ለእዚህ ደግሞ ሁለተኛው የእድገትና ትራንስፎርሜሽን ዕቅድ ትግበራ ጊዜ ወሳኝ ሆኗል፡፡ በተባለው ወቅት በዘርፉ እሴት በመጨመር ለድህነት ቅነሳ ተግባር አዎንታዊ ሚና ይኖረዋል፡፡ 40ኛ ዓመቱን የሚያከብረው «ኢልሪ» በአቅም ግንባታ እና ፕሮግራም ማስተባበር ዙሪያ ያደረገው አስተዋፅኦ ከፍተኛ መሆኑን ይጠቅሳሉ፡፡ በተለይም ለቀጣዮቹ አስር ዓመታት ተግባራዊ የሚደረግ የቁም እንስሳት ልማት መሪ ዕቅድ በተያዘው ዓመት እንደሚተገበር አቶ ደመቀ አስታውቀዋል፡፡ መሪ ዕቅዱም በዋናነት ብሔራዊ የቁም እንስሳት ልማትን ወደተሻለ ደረጃ ማሳደግ የሚያስችል መመሪያዎችን ያቀፈ ነው፡፡ ተግባራዊነቱም ከተያዘው ዓመት ጀምሮ ይሆናል፡፡

ኢትዮጵያ ከእንስሳት ሀብቷ የምትጠቀምበት ጊዜ የተቃረበ ይመስላል፡፡ ምክንያቱም ከአጠቃላዩ የግብርና ንዑሱ ዘርፍ በዚህ ላይ ትልቅ ድርሻ አለውና፡፡ የግብርና ሚኒስቴር ሚኒስትር አቶ ተፈራ ደርበው የሚሉትም ይሄንኑ ነው፡፡ «ከግብርና ውጤት ገሚሱን የሚሸፍነው የቁም እንስሳት ንዑስ ዘርፍ ያሉበትን ማነቆዎች በመቅረፍ በቀጣይ እንደሚያድግ የሚጠበቀውን የአገር ውስጥ የወተት እና ሥጋ ፍላጎት ለማሟላት አቅሙን ማጎልበት ይገባል» ይላሉ፡፡ ከአጠቃላይ የአገሪቱ ውጭ ምንዛሪ ገቢ ከ16 እስከ 19 በመቶ ከእንስሳት ሽያጭ የሚገኝ መሆኑን ያነሱት ሚኒስትሩ፤ ለተገቢው እድገት እንቅፋት የሆኑ ተግዳሮቶች መኖራቸውን አንስተዋል፡፡

ፈጣን የዜጎች ቁጥር መጨመር፣ የከተሞች መስፋፋት እንዲሁም የአገር ውስጥ የስጋ፣ የወተትና እንቁላል ፍላጎት ማደግ ከተፅዕኖዎቹ መካከል እንደሚጠቀስ አንስተዋል፡፡ አቶ ተፈራ እንደሚሉት እነዚህ ሁሉ ችግሮች ተዳምረው በሁለት እጥፍ ሊያድግ የሚችለውን የውጭ ምንዛሪ ግኝት ባለበት እንዲቀር አድርጎታል፡፡ በተጨማሪም አገሪቱ የምትገኝበት ጂኦግራፊያዊ አቀማመጥ የቁም እንስሳትን ለጥቂት የገልፍ እና አፍሪካ አገሮች ገበያ ብቻ ተደራሽ እንዲሆን አስገድዷል፡፡

በመሆኑም መንግሥት በቀጣይ ዕቅድ ትኩረት ሰጥቶ የሚንቀሳቀሰው የእንስሳት ሀብት ልማትን የግብርናው መሪ ለማድረግ መሥራት ላይ ነው፡፡ ለእዚህም በ«ኢልሪ» የተቀረፀው የቁም እንስሳት መሪ ዕቅድን መተግበር ወሳኝ ነው፡፡ ከአገር አቀፍ እንቅስቃሴው በተጨማሪ ኢትዮጵያ በአፍሪካ ሁሉን አቀፍ የግብርና ልማት ፕሮግራም (ካዳፕ) በኩል ዘርፉን ለማሳደግ እየሠራች ነው ብለዋል፡፡

Sheep at the Livestock and Fish annual review and planning meeting

እ.አ.አ ከ1974 ጀምሮ ሥራውን የጀመረው ኢልሪ ባለፉት ዓመታት በእንስሳት አመጋገብ እና ጤና አጠባበቅ፣ በአርብቶ አደሩ፣ በእሴት ሰንሰለት፣ በመሬት አጠቃቀምና ሌሎች ቁልፍ ተግባራት ዙሪያ የተለያዩ ጥናቶች ሲያከናውን መቆየቱንም ጠቅሰዋል፡፡ ከእንስሳት ምርምር በተጨማሪ በአረንጓዴ ኢኮኖሚ ግንባታ ውስጥ ኢልሪ የራሱን አስተዋፅኦ ሲያደርግ ቆይቷል፡፡

ኢትዮጵያ እየተገበረች የምትገኘው ለአየር ንብረት ለውጥ የማይበገር የአረንጓዴ ልማት ስትራቴጂ ለእዚህ ተጠቃሽ ነው፡፡ በተጨማሪም የካርበን ልቀትን ለመቀነስና የተፈጥሮ ሀብት ጥበቃ ላይ በየክልሉ በርካታ ሥራዎች በመከናወን ላይ ይገኛሉ፡፡ እስካሁን በተሠሩት ብቻ አሳሳቢ ደረጃ ላይ ደርሶ የነበረውን በረሃማነት በመቀነስ የደን ሽፋኑን ከሦስት በመቶ ወደ 11 በመቶ ማሳደግ መቻሉን መረጃዎች ያመላክታሉ፡፡

የግብርና ሚኒስትሩ እንደሚሉት ታዲያ በተካሄዱ ምርምሮች ከኢልሪ የዘር ባንክ በሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ የዘር ምርምሮች እውቅና ሊያገኙ ችለዋል፡፡ ለደን ከሚሰጡት ግብዓት በተጨማሪ ለእንስሳት መኖ ተመራጭ የሆኑ ዝርያዎች ተገኝተዋል፡፡ የአገሪቱ የቁም እንስሳት ኤክስፖርቱ በሕገወጥ ግብይት እየተፈተነ ይገኛል፡፡ የግብርና ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ አቶ ወንድይራድ ማንደፍሮ ይሄ እውነት መሆኑን ጠቅሰው፤ ችግሩን ለመቅረፍ በርካታ ሥራዎች በመከናወን ላይ ይገኛሉ፡፡ የእንስሳት ጤና፣ አገልግሎት አሰጣጥ፣ የትራንስፖርት ሎጂስቲክስ ችግር እንዲሁም የጊዜያዊ ማቆያዎች አለመሟላት መሰረታዊ ማነቆዎች ናቸው፡፡ በመሆኑም ይሄን በመቅረፍ ገቢን ለማሳደግ ይሠራል ብለዋል፡፡

በጎረቤት አገራት ሚዛናዊ የሆነ የእንስሳት አቅርቦት አለመኖርም ሌላው ችግር ተብሏል፡፡ ሕገወጥ ግብይቱም የሕግ ማዕቀፍ እየተዘጋጀለት ይገኛል፡፡ የግብርና ልማት ዓለም አቀፍ ድጋፍ ፕሬዚዳንት ካናዮ ንዋንዜ እንደሚሉት በቀጣዮቹ ሁለት አሰርት ዓመታት የዓለም የምግብ ፍላጎት በእጥፍ እንደሚያድግ ይጠበቃል፡፡ በመሆኑም የቁም እንስሳት ሀብት ያላቸው አገራት ኢንዱስትሪው የሚፈጥርላቸውን መልካም እድል መጠቀም ይገባቸዋል፡፡

ከእነዚህ መካከል ደግሞ አንዷ ኢትዮጵያ በመሆኗ ትኩረት ልትሰጠው ግድ ነው፡፡ ኢልሪ በበርካታ ጉዳዮች ዙሪያ ለሁለት ቀን የሚወያዩ ባለሙያዎች ጋብዟል፡፡ ባለፉት አራት አሰርት ዓመታትም በተለያዩ አፍሪካ አገራት በፖሊሲ፣ በገበያ፣ በቁም እንስሳት እና ዓሣ፣ በምግብ ዋስትና እና በአየር ንብረት ለውጥና ተያያዥ ዘርፎች ምርምር ሲያደርግ ቆይቷል፡፡

ከአዲስ ዘመን የተወሰደ

ሌላ የዜና ጥንቅሮች:

Filed under: East Africa, Ethiopia, Event, ILRI40, Livestock Tagged: ilri40

ኢልሪ (ILRI) 40ኛ ዓመቱን እያከበረ ነው: የቁም እንስሳት ዘርፍን ኢኮኖሚያዊ ድርሻ ለማሳደግ እየተሠራ ነው

This blog post is in Amharic, if you are seeing boxes download fonts here.

በሁለተኛው የዕድገትና ትራንስፎ ርሜሽን ዕቅድ ኢትዮጵያ ከቁም እንስሳት ሃብቷ ተገቢውን ጥቅም ለማግኘት ትኩረት ሰጥታ ትሰራለች፡፡

ዓለም አቀፉ የቁም እንስሳት ምርምር ኢንስቲት ዩት (ILRI) የተመሰረተበትን አርባኛ ዓመት በአዲስ አበባ በማክበር ላይ ይገኛል፡፡

ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ደመቀ መኮንን በሥነ ስርዓቱ መክፈቻ ላይ ባደረጉት ንግግር እንደገለጹት፤ ለዘርፉ ከፍተኛ ትኩረት በመስጠት ከቁም እንስሳት የሚገኘውን ገቢ ከማሳደግ በተጨማሪ ለአገሪቱ የምግብ ዋስትና መረጋገጥ የሚጫወተውን ሚና ማሳደግ ይገባል፡፡ የቁም እንስሳት ሃብት ለአጠቃላይ የአገሪቱ ኢኮኖሚ እድገት፣ ድህነት ቅነሳ እንዲሁም ለምግብ ዋስትና መረጋገጥ ወሳኝ ሚና ይኖረዋል፡፡ ለዚህም በቀጣዮቹ ዓመታት የተጠናከረ ስራ ማከናወን ይገባል፡፡

«በበርካታ የልማት ማነቆዎች ምክንያት ኢትዮጵያ ከዘርፉ ማግኘት ያለባትን ጥቅም አላገኘችም» ያሉት ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ፤ በቁም እንስሳት እና ስጋ ሽያጭ ከቀጥተኛ የወጪ ንግድ ገቢ ታገኝ የነበረው 262 ሚሊዮን ዶላር ብቻ ሲሆን ሃብቱ ግን ከዚህ የላቀ ገቢ ማስገኘት እንደሚገባው አመልክተዋል፡፡ በመሆኑም በመሰረተ ልማት፣ በገበያ ስርዓት፣ በእንስሳት ጤና፣ በእንስሳት ጊዚያዊ ማቆያ ላይ የሚታዩ ችግሮችን ለመፍታት ትኩረት ይሰጣል፡፡ በሁለተኛው የእድገትና ትራንስፎርሜሽን ዕቅድ ወቅት በዘርፉ እሴት በመጨመር ለድህነት ቅነሳ ተግባር ሚና ይኖረዋል፡፡

አርባኛ ዓመቱን የሚያከብረው ዓለም አቀፉ የቁም እንስሳት ምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት (ኢልሪ) በአቅም ግንባታ እና ፕሮግራም ማስተባበር ያደረገው አስተዋጽኦ ከፍተኛ ነው፡፡ ለቀጣዩ አስር ዓመታት ተግባራዊ የሚደረግ የቁም እንስሳት ልማት መሪ ዕቅድ በተያዘው ዓመት እንደሚተገበር አቶ ደመቀ አስታውቀዋል፡፡

HE Teferra Derebew, Minister of Agriculture, Ethiopia

የግብርና ሚኒስትሩ አቶ ተፈራ ደርበው በበኩላቸው ከግብርና ውጤት ገሚሱን የሚሸፍነው የቁም እንስሳት ንዑስ ዘርፍ ያሉበትን ማነቆዎች በማቃለል በቀጣይ እንደሚያድግ የሚጠበቀውን የአገር ውስጥ የወተት እና ሥጋ ፍላጎት ለማሟላት አቅሙን ማጎልበት ያስፈልጋል፡፡ እ.አ.አ ከ1974 ጀምሮ በኢትዮጵያ ስራውን የጀመረው ኢልሪ ባለፉት ዓመታት በእንስሳት አመጋገብ እና ጤና አጠባበቅ፣ በአርብቶ አደሩ፣ በእሴት ሰንሰለት፣ በመሬት አጠቃቀምና ሌሎች ቁልፍ ተግባራት ዙሪያ የተለያዩ ጥናቶች ሲያከናውን መቆየቱን ጠቅሰዋል፡፡

ለግብርና ልማት ዓለም አቀፍ ድጋፍ ፕሬዚዳንት ካናዮ ንዋንዜ እንዳሉት፤ በቀጣዮቹ ሁለት አሰርት ዓመታት የዓለም የምግብ ፍላጎት በእጥፍ እንደሚያድግ ይጠበቃል፡፡ በመሆኑም የቁም እንስሳት ሃብት ያላቸው አገራት ኢንዱስትሪው የሚፈጥርላ ቸውን መልካም እድል መጠቀም ይገባቸዋል፡፡

ለሁለት ቀናት በሚካሄድ ኮንፈረንስ አርባኛ ዓመቱን የሚያከብረው ኢልሪ በበርካታ ጉዳዮች ዙሪያ ውይይት የሚያደርጉ ባለሙያዎችን ጋብዟል፡፡

ባለፉት አራት አሰርት ዓመታት በተለያዩ አፍሪካ አገራት በፖሊሲ፣ በገበያ፣ በቁም እንስሳት እና ዓሣ፣ በምግብ ዋስትና እና በዓየር ንብረት ለውጥና ተያያዥ ዘርፎች ምርምር ሲያደርግ ቆይቷል፡፡

ከአዲስ ዘመን የተወሰደ

ሌላ የዜና ጥንቅሮች:

Filed under: East Africa, Ethiopia, Event, ILRI40, Livestock Tagged: ilri40

Livestock production crucial to improve smallholder farmers livelihood

Ethiopian Herald. Last week, Deputy Prime Minister of Ethiopia HE Demeke Mekonnen lauded the critical role that livestock production and processing could play in improving smallholder farmers livelihood as well as reducing rural poverty in Ethiopia. The Deputy Prime Minister said so while making keynote speech at the 40th anniversary of International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) with a theme: ‘Livestock-based options for sustainable food and nutritional security, economic well being and healthy lives.’

ILRI DG Jimmy Smith with HE Demeke Mekonnen, Deputy Minister of Ethiopia

The Deputy Premier said though Ethiopia has the largest livestock population in Africa, it has not benefited from the sector due to various developmental challenges. According to him, direct export revenue of live animals and meat was only 262 million USD while potentially, it could easy be quadrupled.

Therefore, he added that research is critical to sustainably increase productivity through combining improved technologies, enabling policies, organizational and institutional arrangements. As to him, improved productivity coupled with lower prices can improve both availability and accessibility of nutrition from animal source foods for poor consumers.

For the coming decades,he said,smallholder production systems will remain crucial for the development of agriculture in Africa and the developing world. The Deputy Premier went on saying that the critical role of research is to identify pathways for sustainable intensification of small farms-most of which are integrated crop livestock farms.

“The livestock production sector creates employment not only in production but also in trading, processing, and marketing. Employment in the sector is high specially in the informal sector of Africa and Asia which constitute as much as 70 per cent of the market,” he added.

With respect to the challenges that are holding the sector growth back in Africa,Demeke said that climate change is causing serious risks on lives and livelihood of poor farmers and their animals.

He noted that the impact of climate change is of three fold on agriculture. The agriculture itself that is contributing to global warming, the increased temperatures changing the biophysical environment and the push for ‘climate smart’ agriculture creating new set of incentives and constraints for farmers to consider when adopting agricultural technologies and strategies.

“Under Ethiopia’s Climate Green Economic Strategies, it was made possible to successfully curve deforestation from 3 per cent of vegetation cover to 11 per cent with only 15 years time,” he said.

Demeke also noted that a key issue is to develop and implement appropriate strategies and support systems that allow smallholder farmers-specialized livestock keepers and crop-livestock mix to adopt technologies at a scale necessary to make a major difference.

“Capacity development and women participation are key components particularly in job creation for key actors in the current and future agriculture development,”Demeke said.

With regard to the country’s future prospect in the livestock sector Minister of Agriculture Tefera Deribew also said Livestock Development Master Plan has been prepared which will be serving as guiding document of livestock investment for the coming ten years that will be implemented through continued government interventions.

Responding to questions from the press over the illegal trade of livestock across the border, Agriculture State Minister Wend-Yerad Mandefro said, “Due to the market and infrastructural problems most of our cattle are traded informally to neighbouring countries with out generating foreign currency. So animal health, traceability and quarantine service are the key components that need to be put in place to address the challenges.”

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) President Kanayo Nwanze on his part said as Africa is a continent with 200 million youths, the livestock sector should be taken as an important enabling economic sector to create jobs and businesses.

Story from Ethiopian Herald

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Filed under: East Africa, Ethiopia, Event, ILRI40, Livestock Tagged: ilri40

New livestock master plan for Ethiopia to help secure more revenue from sector

Daily Monitor. Aiming to increase the contribution of livestock sub-sector through generating more revenue, the government designed new Livestock Development Master Plan (LMP) covering the period 2014–2020.

The upcoming LMP which is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has three key sector analysis areas, dairy cows, red meat and milk from cattle and camels and poultry.

The master plan has a result of contribution from International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) towards national livestock development through capacity building and implementation of joint programs. Deputy Prime Minister Demeke Mekonnen said while making ILRI’s 40 years of establishment in Addis Ababa on Thursday.

Having the largest livestock population in Africa, Ethiopia has not yet benefitted from the sector due to various challenges.

Due to lack of modern infrastructural facilities and market system problems most of the animals are traded informally to neighboring countries failing to generate the expected foreign currency from the specific sector.

Lack of knowledge and problems related to health and infrastructural facilities are other challenges to the development of the sector mentioned at the occasion by Wondirad Mandefro, State Minister of Agriculture.

Despite all these challenges, Demeke stressed that, direct export revenue of live animal and meat was only 262 million US$ while potentially it could easily be quadrupled.

“Animal health, traceability and quarantine services are the key components that need to be put in place in order to change the scenario,” he says.

The ILRI strategy states that livestock often represent as much as 40 percent of agricultural GDP in many developing countries, but frequently receives much smaller proportions of funding and barley features in key policies.

The government also plans to make a value add on livestock products in an integrated intervention approach, according to the State Minister.

The key value chain includes live animals and meat; dairy; hides, skins and leather.

It was also recommended in the consultation that developing and implementing appropriate strategies and support system that allow small farmers – specialized livestock keepers and crop livestock mix to adopt technologies at the scale necessary to make a major difference.

Story from Daily Monitor

See a poster about the plan

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Filed under: East Africa, Ethiopia, Event, ILRI40, Livestock Tagged: ilri40

መካከለኛ ገቢ ያላቸው ዜጎች መጨመርን ተከትሎ የሚያድገውን የምግብ ፍላጎት ለማሟላት የቁም እንስሳት ምርታማነት ማረጋገጥ ያስፈልጋል

This blog post is in Amharic, if you are seeing boxes download fonts here.

አዲስ አበባ ፤ ጥቅምት 28/2007 (ዋኢማ) – መካካለኛ ገቢ ያላቸው ዜጎች ቁጥር መጨመርን ተከትሎ የዜጎችን የምግብ ፍላጎት ለማርካት የእንስሳት ሃብት ምርታማነትን ማረጋገጥ እንደሚያስፈለገ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ደመቀ መኮንን ገለጹ።

ዓለም ዓቀፉ የእንስሳት ሃብት የምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት በኢትዮጵያ 40ኛ ዓመት በዓሉን ዛሬ በአዲስ አበባ አክብሯል።

በዓሉ ”የእንስሳት ሃብት ልማት ለዘላቂ የተመጣጠነ የምግብ ደህንነት፣ ለምጣኔ ሃብት እድገትና ለጤናማ ኑሮ”‘ በሚል ነው የተከበረው።

ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ደመቀ መኮንን በበዓሉ ላይ እንዳሉት እንደ ኢትዮጵያ ባሉ አገራት መካከለኛ ገቢ ያላቸው ዜጎች ቁጥር መጨመር ተከትሎ ከሰሃራ በታች ባሉ የአፍሪካ አገራት የወተት ፍላጎት በቀጣይ ጥቂት ዓመታት በሶስት እጥፍ ያድጋል፡፡

የሌሎች የእንስሳት ተዋጽኦዎች ፍላጎትም በቀጣይ ጥቂት ዓመታት በከፍተኛ መጠን እንደሚያድግ ይጠበቃል።

በ2050 ዓ.ም ከ9 እስከ 10 ቢሊዮን የሚደርሰውን የህዝብ ቁጥር የምግብ ፍላጎት ለማሟላት የምግብ ምርት በየዓመቱ 70 በመቶ ማደግ እንደሚጠበቅበት ጠቅሰው ይህንን ፍላጎት ለማሟላት አፍሪካ ዘላቂ ምርታማነት ላይ ማተኮር እንዳለባት አስረድተዋል።

ለዚህም የተፈጥሮ ሃብት ይዞታና የአየር ንብረት ለውጥን ባገናዘቡ የግብርና ስልቶች፣ በተሻሻሉ ቴክኖሎጂዎችና በምርት ማሳደግ ላይ የምርምር ስራዎች ተጠናክረው መቀጠል እንደሚገባቸውና ለዚሁም አመቺ ፖሊሲና አሰራር ሊዘጋጅ እንደሚገባ  ነው የተናገሩት።

ግብርናው ለድህነት ቅነሳ፣ ለምጣኔ ሃብት እድገት፣ ለተመጣጠነ ምግብ ደህንነትና ለአካባቢ ጥበቃ ከፍተኛ አስተዋጽኦ ያበረክታል።

የእንሰሳት ሃብት ልማቱም ምርት፣ ማቀነባበርና ግብይትን ጨምሮ በተለያዩ የእሴት ሰንሰለቶች ውስጥ ሰፊ የስራ እድል በመፍጠር የዜጎችን ተጠቃሚነት የሚያረጋግጥ ዘርፍ መሆኑንም ነው ያስረዱት።Shirley Tarawali makes process welcome

የዓለም አቀፉ የግብርና ልማት ፈንድ ዋና ፕሬዚዳንት ካናዮ ንዋንዜ በእስያና አፍሪካ የመካከለኛው ገቢ ያላቸው ዜጎች ቁጥር መስፋፋት ማሳየቱ የእንሰሳት ተዋጽኦ ምግቦች ፍላጎትን ያሳድገዋል ብለዋል።

በዓለም ላይ 1 ቢሊየን ሰዎች በቀጥታም ይሁን በተዘዋዋሪ ኑሯቸው ከእንስሳት ሃብት ጋር እንደሚዛመድ ገልጸው ሀብቱን በሚገባ በመጠቀም የምግብ ፍላጎትን  አነስተኛ  አርሶ አደሮችን ማእከል አድርጎ መስራት ያስፈልጋል ነው ያሉት።

”በምግብ አቅርቦት ሰንሰለት ውስጥ የአነስተኛ አርሶ አደሮችን ሚና የምንዘነጋ ከሆነ ድህነትን ማስወገድ አንችልም።” ያሉት ፕሬዚዳንቱ የሴቶች ተጠቃሚነት ሊጎለብት እንደሚገባም ነው ያብራሩት በተለይም በገጠር ያሉ ሴቶች።

”በገጠር አካባቢ ያሉ ሴቶች ምጣኔ ሃብታዊ ተጠቃሚነታቸው ሲረጋገጥ ገንዘቡን ለቤተሰባቸው የኑሮ ደረጃ መሻሻል የማበርከታቸው እድል ከወንዶች ጋር ሲነጻጻር የተሻለ ነው” ብለዋል።

የግብርና ሚኒስትር አቶ ተፈራ ደርበው እያደገ የመጣው መካካለኛ ገቢ ያላቸው ዜጎች ቁጥር ማደግ ለዘርፉ መልካም እድል መሆኑን፣ የእንስሳት ሀብት ልማት ከአገሪቱ አጠቃላይ የአገር ውስጥ ምርት 42 በመቶ ከሚሸፍነው ግብርና ግማሽ ያህሉን ድርሻ እንደሚይይዝ አስረድተዋል።

የምርምር ኢንስቲትዩቱ በእንስሳት አመጋገብ፣ በዝርያ ማሻሻል፣ በእሴት ሰንሰለትና በተለያዩ መስኮች ውጤታማ የምርምር ስራዎችን በኢትዮጵያ ሲያከናውን መቆየቱንም አስረድተዋል።

በተለይም በአቅም ግንባታ ስራዎች ላይ ለተለያዩ የአገሪቱ ባለሙያዎች የአቅም ማሻሻያ ስልጠና ሲሰጥ መቆየቱን በመግለጽ።

አገሪቱ በነደፈችው የአምስት ዓመት የእንስሳት ሃብት ልማት መሪ አቅድ ላይም የጎላ ድርሻ እንደነበረው ጠቁመዋል።

የዓለም አቀፉ የእንስሳት ሃብት የምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት ዋና ዳይሬክተር ጂሚ ስሚዝ በአገሪቱ ውስጥ ለነበራቸው የተመቻቸ ሁኔታና የቆይታ ጊዜ መንግስትና ህዝብን አመስግነዋል።

ተቋሙ ለፖሊሲዎች ግብዓት የሚሆኑ ምርምሮችን በተለያዩ መስኮች አጠናክሮ እንደሚቀጥልም ገልጸዋል።

በበዓሉ ላይ በነገው እለት የእንስሳት ሃብትን ከአካባቢ፣ ከዘላቂ የተመጣጠነ ምግብ ዋስትና፣ ከምጣኔ ሃብትና ከጤናማ ኑሮ አንጻር የሚቃኙ ጥናታዊ ጽሁፎች ይቀርባሉ፡፡ (ኢዜአ)

ከዋልታ ኢንፎ የተወሰደ

ሌላ የዜና ጥንቅሮች:

Filed under: East Africa, Ethiopia, Event, ILRI40, Livestock Tagged: ilri40

አለምአቀፍ የእንሰሳት ምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት 40ኛ አመቱን በማክበር ላይ ነው

This blog post is in Amharic, if you are seeing boxes download fonts here.

አለምአቀፍ የእንሰሳት ምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት ያሳለፋቸውን 40 የምርምር ዓመታት በተለያዩ መርሃ ግብሮች አለምአቀፋዊ ይዘት ባለዉ መልኩ በማክበር ላይ ይገኛል

ከመርሃ ግብሮች አንዱን የILRI ዋና ቢሮ በሚገኝበት አዲስ አበባ ዉስጥ አለምአቀፍ ተመራማሪዎች እና ከፍተኛ የመንግሥት ባለሥልጣኖች በተገኙበት ጥቅምት 27–28 አክብሮአል

የከብት ሀብት ምርምር ለአለምአቀፍ ምግብ እና አልሚ ምግብ እንዲሁም የኢኮኖሚ እና የጤና ጠቀሜታ እንዲያስገኝ የተዘጋጀውን ሴሚናር ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስቴር ደመቀ መኮንን በሸራተን ሆቴል አዳራሽ በመገኘት ከፍተዉታል

HE Teferra Derebew, Demeke Mekonnen Deputy Prime Minister, Jimmy Smith, Director General,  Kanayo Nwanze

ቪዲዬዉን ለመመልከት እዚህ ይጫኑ  (Link to a video report from Ethiopian TV on the ILRI@40 event on 6 November 2014)

ሌላ የዜና ጥንቅሮች:

Filed under: East Africa, Ethiopia, ILRI40, Livestock Tagged: ilri40

Leveraging the informal dairy sector for health and wealth: An impact narrative from Kenya and Assam

The Kenyan economy benefited by an estimated USD 33.5 million annually since 2008 from research to inform policy change in Kenya’s dairy industry.

The research resulted in licensing for small-scale milk vendors who previously were not officially recognized and were frequently harassed.

The benefits of policy change include improved safety of milk, increased profit margins for small-scale vendors, greater access to milk for poor consumers, and employment for many others in the sector, with knock-on benefits for the wider economy.

Building on the Kenyan approach, an initiative to improve milk handling among traders in Assam in India resulted in a new governance institution, increased risk mitigation, improvements in milk quality, higher sales and increased customer satisfaction. The economic impact in the capital district has been estimated at USD 5.6 million annually.

Download the research brief

Filed under: Africa, Asia, Dairying, East Africa, ILRI, Impact Assessment, India, Kenya, South Asia

Fighting African swine fever in Uganda

Tethered sow in Uganda

Tethered sow in Uganda (photo credit: ILRI/Kristina Rösel).

‘African swine fever (ASF) is one of the major constraints to the productivity of the pig enterprise in [Uganda].

‘For the average smallholder pig farmer in Uganda, rumours about a fever afflicting their animals often stirs worry and anxiety, according to the . . . . CGIAR Research Programme on Livestock and Fish.

‘Any form of fever in pigs has for long been associated with African swine fever (ASF), or ‘omusujja gwe’mbizzi’ as it is locally known. With its high infection and mortality rates, ASF can wipe out entire pig herds within a few days causing loss of income and threatening household food security.

I had nine pigs, one of the sows had just littered but when swine fever broke out, I was left with just two piglets,” says Prossy Nayiga, a pig farmer in Masaka, Uganda.

‘Much of the research efforts to understand the dynamics of how ASF spreads in pigs has focused on producers, even though there is evidence that actions by other actors in the pig value chain especially traders, transporters and butchers also play a role in spreading the disease.

The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) recently brought together pig value chain actors in Masaka District to review and identify measures of preventing the spread of ASF.

‘As part of this week-long (from 29 September to 3 October 2014) exercise, the ILRI Uganda team, led by Michel Dione, held key informant interviews with local government officials, the veterinary department, local councils and executive committee members of pig cooperatives in Masaka. . . .

‘Among the major ASF control constraints identified by the stakeholders were: limited knowledge about the disease and its epidemiology, weak policies on disease surveillance and regulation and the lack of a centralised slaughter areas at both parish and district levels.

‘Participants recommended the adoption of proper housing structures and farm fencing, use of disinfectants (in footbaths) for farm visitors and establishment of centralised slaughter areas with proper waste disposal facilities as part of the feasible protective measures to be implemented in the short and medium terms.

‘The ILRI pig value chain team in Uganda will conduct a similar exercise with stakeholders in Lira District in the north of the country.

‘Final results from these studies will be used to update a training module on African swine fever control in Uganda and will also contribute to a communication strategy for ASF management training for farmers and other value chain actors. Eventually, this information will feed into control trial studies planned for end of 2014 to test the effectiveness of training of farmers and other value chain actors.’

Read the whole article at the The Pig Site: Uganda fights African swine fever, 4 Nov 2014.

Filed under: Animal Health, Article, ASF, CRP37, Disease Control, East Africa, Emerging Diseases, FSZ, ILRI, Pigs, Uganda, Value Chains Tagged: Michel Dione, The Pig Site

Disease-resistant Napier grass for East African dairy farmers

ILRI Napier display at KARI event

ILRI-KALRO display of disease-resistant varieties of Napier grass at the 13th Biennial Scientific Conference and Exhibition of the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), now named the Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO), in Oct 2012 (photo credit: ILRI/Alexandra Jorge).

‘Scientists in East Africa are currently conducting research in order to select a disease resistant Napier grass variety, a Kenyan researcher revealed on Tuesday.

‘Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO) Senior Researcher Robert Irungu said the aim of the research is to identify a variety of Napier grass that is resistant to stunting disease and headsmuts in the next three years.

We are going to grow all the types of Napier grass in a greenhouse and then subject them to a dose of fungus,’ Irungu said on the sidelines of an agricultural forum in Nairobi [the 6th All Africa Conference on Animal Agriculture].

‘Irungu said the two fungal diseases account for 90 percent of Napier grass losses in the region. The experts have noted that average milk yields remain low as a result of poor animal feeds.

The research is a joint collaboration between International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), KALRO and the national research institutes of Uganda, Tanzania and Rwanda under the East African Productivity project.

‘Napier grass is the most common feed for dairy cattle in the region. He said that there over 50 varieties of Napier grass and most are susceptible to the fungal infections.

‘“The variety that will withstand the fungus over a period of four planting seasons will be commercialized so that it is accessible to dairy farmers,” he said.

‘Headsmut is common in central Kenya and stunting is widespread in western Kenya. The fungi spread by insects. Napier normally grows in high rainfall areas in the East Africa region.

‘Irungu added that most dairy farmers in the region have less than two hectares of land. And they have to depend on zero grazing and prefer to feed their dairy cattle, Napier grass, because it is one of the most high yielding fodder crops. . . .’

Read the whole article at Coastweek/Xinhua: E. African scientists conduct research on disease resistant Napier, 1 Nov 2014.

Read more about ILRI’s Feed and Forages Biosciences research.

Filed under: Animal Feeding, Article, BioSciences, Dairying, Disease Control, East Africa, FBS, Fodder, Forages, ILRI, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda Tagged: 2014AACAA, Coastweek, KALRO, KARI, Napier grass, Xinhua

Agricultural students East Africa conference in Kenya: November 27–29, 2014

The International Association of Students in Agricultural and Related Sciences (IAAS) holds an East Africa Conference in November 2014.

It provides a unique opportunity for you to get in touch with IAAS, the International Association of Students in Agricultural and related sciences. By actively joining IAAS you can engage yourself on international level, attend local or international events organised by other IAAS members and you can meet many (international) students who study all in the same field and thus share the same interest.

Are you ready to exchange experiences and work together to improve the agriculture of tomorrow ?!

Only with the input of the engagement of you, a motivated student, IAAS can keep offering all the great opportunities we’re offering now to the more than 10.000 members all across the globe.

During this professional conference you will be able to learn from the knowledge of innovative speakers, to learn more about IAAS and finally also to improve your own skills.
We are looking forward to a great conference and hope on your active participation!

Click here to find application form

Facebook event


For coordination and consultation please contact:

  • iaas.kenya@gmail.com
  • iaasegerton@gmail.com
  • info@appsakenya.org

For more information visit: www.iaasworld.org

Filed under: Capacity Strengthening, East Africa, Event Tagged: IAAS

New World Bank funds target Ethiopian pastoralists in IGAD project

A women pastoralist milks her goat

A Borana pastoralist milks her goat in Ethiopia (photo credit: ILRI/Zerihun Sewunet).

‘The World Bank has proved an additional credit of 75 million U.S. dollars to improve the livelihoods and resilience of pastoralists in the Horn of Africa.

‘The . . . funds will . . . help to strengthen the organizational capacity of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) . . . .

‘According to the WB, the latest financing for the Regional Pastoral Livelihoods Resilience Project will benefit Ethiopia which will join Kenya and Uganda in the ongoing project.

‘”The additional financing will directly help 132,000 Ethiopian households, which mainly rely on pastoral activities, including livestock activities,” the WB said in the statement.

‘”This number will add to the 135,000 households (93,000 in Kenya, 42,000 in Uganda) included in the first phase, to make a total of 267,000 households in the three countries.”

According to researchers from International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), pastoral systems are critical for the survival of livelihoods and offer the most efficient way of managing the region’s large arid and semi-arid lands.

They say a strong African response to increasing demand for livestock foods will require long-term investment in sustainable intensification of African livestock systems, including year-round access to high-quality animal feeds, careful land-use planning and increased support for applied research.

‘. . . Stephane Forman, World Bank Co-Task Team Leader for the project, said access to natural resources is critical to the livelihoods of pastoralists in the Horn of Africa.

‘”Given the nature of the ecosystem, pastoralists need to move their livestock across wide areas and depend on intermittent access to water and grazing in areas where they do not have established settlements and this often happens across national borders,” said Forman.’

Read the whole article at GlobalPost/Xinhua News Agency: Africa Economy: World Bank approves 75 mln USD to help pastoralists in Horn of Africa, 26 Oct 2014.

Filed under: Article, CRP11, Drought, Drylands, East Africa, Ethiopia, ILRI, Kenya, Pastoralism, PLE, Resilience, Uganda, Vulnerability Tagged: GlobalPost, Horn of Africa, IGAD, World Bank, Xinhua News Agency

Organizations join forces to fight African swine fever

Inspecting a pig in western Kenya

Inspecting a pig’s health in Busia, western Kenya (photo credit: ILRI/Charlie Pye-Smith).

‘Occurrence of African swine fever (ASF) was reported in almost half of the countries that make up the African continent in 2012. This transboundary animal disease (TAD) can have a powerful negative impact on a nation’s economy and social structures. It causes major economic losses from its effects on pig production and economically hinders people who depend on pig farming and who risk, as a result of ASF, to lose their livelihoods. It also reduces poor communities’ access to high-quality and cheap animal proteins.

For these reasons, ASF is considered the most serious infectious disease in pigs in Africa.

‘In recent years, the international community, national authorities, the pig production sector and researchers are trying to solve the problem in a sustainable way in order to eliminate constraints on pig production and enhance rural development. The African Union’s Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) have been collaborating since March 2013 to implement a regional strategy to control ASF in infected countries and to prevent its spread to non-infected countries.

‘The strategy is based on collaboration and partnerships among farmers, traders, veterinary and animal production services, researchers, governments, civil society and development partners. With the growing pig trade throughout Africa, the regional strategy will promote viable pig production and improve the livelihoods of all actors in the pig and pork value chains, especially poor people. . . .

‘Together, AU-IBAR, FAO and ILRI are currently articulating the action plan into short-, medium- and long-term streams of activities and identifying the stakeholders and institutions responsible for each activity. They are seeking to bring them together to collectively participate in finding solutions that address the main hindrances faced in pig production and marketing in order to create an enabling environment and ensure the sustainable development of the pig sector in Africa.’

What’s new about this project for Africa is that it combines social and economic research with biological surveillance of viral prevalence and diversity to understand better how the virus spreads. Household surveys of pig keepers and information from other people in the market chain (e.g. pig butchers and traders) is enabling the project team to learn about the impacts of the disease and, conversely, how pig keeping and trading practices impact ASF infection and transmission dynamics.

The project is furthering understanding of farmer capacity to adopt simple biosecurity measures – such as restricting access to pigs to all but essential workers, changing or disinfecting footwear on entry and exit to pig production facilities and reducing risks from feed sources – that could reduce the impacts of the disease, and is providing this essential information to smallholder pig farmers in eastern Uganda and western Kenya

Read the whole article at the FAO website: FAO joins with AU-IBAR and ILRI on regional strategy for the control of African swine fever in Africa, 26 Sep 2014.

Read more on ILRI’s website about the project, which is part of the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish, is led by the BecA-ILRI Hub in collaboration with Australia’s Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial and Research Organisation (CSIRO) and is funded by the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT, formerly AusAID).

For further information, contact ILRI scientist Richard Bishop at r.bishop [at] cgiar.org

Filed under: Animal Diseases, Animal Health, ASF, BecA, BioSciences, CRP37, Disease Control, East Africa, ILRI, Kenya, Pigs, Project, Uganda Tagged: AU-IBAR, DFAT, FAO

Satellite imagery protects cattle keepers from drought


Domesticated cattle are depicted in this rock art made 8,000 to 5,000 years ago in the Sahel, when this part of the Sahara was still green and before it began to be hit by drought.

Using data from satellite imagery, insurers can assess the impact of drought on the vegetation that livestock need to survive. Could this be a lifeline for Kenyan farmers?

Article by ILRI’s Bryn Davies and Andrew Mude

‘The arid and semi-arid lands (ASAL) of Kenya are among the poorest and most vulnerable regions of the world. . . . More than three million pastoralist households are regularly hit by increasingly severe droughts, costing the economy an estimated $12.1bn between 2008 and 2011. For livelihoods that rely mainly on livestock, the high livestock mortality rate caused by drought has devastating effects, rendering these pastoralists among the most vulnerable populations in Kenya. As the impacts of climate change unfold, the link between drought risk, vulnerability and poverty becomes significantly stronger.

‘Over the past several years, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), in collaboration with Cornell University and technical partners, has pursued a research program aimed at designing, developing and implementing insurance products to protect livestock keepers from drought-related asset losses. Using satellite imagery to assess the amount of forage available, Index-Based Livestock Insurance (IBLI) provides insured pastoralists with a pay-out in times of drought based on predicted rather than actual livestock deaths.

‘In order to launch IBLI as a commercial product, ILRI and Takaful Insurance of Africa came together in August 2013 to offer a sharia-compliant version of IBLI in Wajir County with plans of expansion into other areas of northern Kenya later this year. As a sharia compliant product, Takaful does not go against the teachings of Islam and is guided by the principles of improved welfare for all. For example, it offers mutual or “community insurance”, whereby the insurer charges a set fee, rather than applying interest, which in sharia-law can be seen as a form of gambling.

‘The CEO of Takaful Insurance of Africa, Hassan Bashir, was born into a cattle-herding Somali family, and as Kenya’s first sharia-compliant insurance company, he wanted to solve his community’s biggest problem – the loss of livestock due to drought.

‘Takaful requires that those who need protection participate in a risk pooling scheme. Fund participants are grouped into geographically defined areas that have a set contribution based on local pasture conditions and they receive an indemnity when predicted livestock mortality from drought rises above the trigger level.

. . . [T]he scheme has had its successes. In March 2014, all 101 policyholders received a payout for a low level of drought in the area and sales between August/September 2013 and January/February 2014 grew by 138% with the expense ratio to Takaful Insurance decreasing by 100%. . . .

So far, the Index-Based Livestock Insurance program has been linked to a 50% drop in ‘distress’ sales of livestock to raise cash in times of drought, a 33% reduced likelihood of having to eat significantly smaller meals and a 33% reduction in dependence on food aid.

‘. . . [E]ven though IBLI does not offer complete protection against herd loss, it is a promising option for addressing poverty traps that arise from catastrophic drought risk. Uptake has had a range of benefits for those insured, including improved wellbeing and a reduction in drastic coping strategies when drought strikes.’

Read the whole article in the Guardian Professional: Livestock insurance could protect cattle-herders in Africa from drought, 30 Sep 2014.

Andrew Mude is a principal economist at ILRI, where he leads the IBLI project; Bryn Davies is IBLI’s market and capacity development manager.

Filed under: Award, CRP11, Drought, Drylands, East Africa, Geodata, ILRI, Insurance, Kenya, LSE, Pastoralism, Vulnerability Tagged: Andrew Mude, Bryn Davies, Cornell University, Guardian Professional, Hassan Bashir, IBLI, Takaful Insurance

New Scientist reports on Nairobi study mapping out role of urbanization in zoonotic pathogen transmission

 Dairy cow

A cow in Kenya. An on-going study in Nairobi, Kenya is investigating how zoonotic pathogens are introduced to urban populations through livestock commodity value-chains (photo credit: ILRI/Paul Karaimu).

A study by 12 Kenyan and UK institutions, including the University of Liverpool, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and the University of Nairobi, is investigating the role of urbanization in the origin and spread of zoonotic pathogens (those that spread between humans and animals) in Nairobi, Kenya.

According to an article published online and in print in the New Scientist in August 2014, the Nairobi study is investigating the effects of ‘close interactions between people and animals’ in urban settings on the spread of pathogens such as Escherichia coli, Campylobacter and Salmonella, which can infect both humans and animals.

The ‘Epidemiology, ecology and social-economics of disease emergence in Nairobi’ project is expected to reveal how pathogens are introduced into urban populations through ‘livestock commodity value chains’. Livestock are a key part of the study because zoonotic pathogens are likely to come from livestock and the close interaction between livestock, their products and people. The often cramped and unsanitary conditions found in informal settlements in African cities like Nairobi raise the risk of these pathogens crossing the species barrier.

According to the article, there have been cases of these pathogens getting into food chains in Africa. ‘In Swaziland in 1992, infected cattle passed a strain of E. coli to humans that caused bloody diarrhoea – the first such outbreak in the developing world – and the number of people visiting their doctor for diarrhoea jumped sevenfold in a month. Across Africa, diarrhoea is the single biggest killer of children.’

Researchers in the project are visiting livestock owners in Nairobi’s informal settlements such as Dandora and Korogocho and collecting blood and faecal samples from their animals for microbial DNA analysis. ‘By identifying where pathogens originate and concentrate along the food chains, the team hopes to make such outbreaks less likely.’

‘“The way you design your city and the way you structure your food system can play into a policy to prevent disease emergence,” says epidemiologist Eric Fèvre of the University of Liverpool, UK, who is based at ILRI in Nairobi.”

Fevre says the project is “‘redrawing the map of Nairobi, not based on geography but on the connectedness of animal and human populations, in terms of the bacteria that they share.”‘

Partners in this project, which is funded by the UK Research Council Environmental and Social Ecology of Human Infectious Diseases (ESEI) initiative, include the University of Liverpool, the Development Planning Unit at University College London, the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) in London, the University of Edinburgh, the University of Nairobi, the Kenya Medical Research Institute, the African Population and Health Research Center, the Royal Veterinary College, London and ILRI.

The article says that ‘so far, the effort has revealed that Nairobi’s food system is massively diverse, with meat and dairy products produced, sold and consumed across socio-economic boundaries. Pathogens that are widespread in poverty-stricken neighborhoods are also present in high-income areas.’ Researcher have also ‘found high concentrations of E. coli and alarming levels of antibiotic resistance linked to unregulated sales of veterinary drugs.’

Read the whole story: Mapping the web of disease in Nairobi’s invisible city

Find out more about the Epidemiology, ecology and socio-economics of disease emergence in Nairobi project

Filed under: Agri-Health, Animal Health, Article, CRP4, East Africa, Emerging Diseases, Environment, Epidemiology, FSZ, Health (human), Kenya, Research Tagged: Eric Fevre, Kenya, New Scientist, zoonoses