Due to demographic pressure, drought, but also human activity (deforestation, agriculture, bush fires, etc.), several species of endemic ruminant livestock breeds are threatened with extinction or dilution of their specific genetic traits. Their natural habitats are also increasingly being invaded by exotic livestock and converted into agricultural land with widespread deforestation due to strong demand for wood energy. Therefore, PROGEBE aims at preserving and even strengthening sustainably the genetic characteristics of endemic livestock, increasing its productivity and marketing in a enabling physical and institutional environment. The 10-year program is funded by the UNDP, GEF, and the African Development Bank.