Feed aggregator

A meta-analysis of the effects of communal livestock grazing on vegetation and soils in sub-Saharan Africa

Our latest outputs -

A meta-analysis of the effects of communal livestock grazing on vegetation and soils in sub-Saharan Africa Yayneshet, T.; Treydte, A.C. Extensive livestock grazing is one of the most common and widespread forms of land uses in sub Saharan Africa (SSA). Studies assessing the effects of extensive livestock grazing on vegetation and soils in SSA are inconsistent in the direction and magnitude of study outcomes. We applied meta-analysis to identify whether studies so far conducted in the rangeland systems of SSA have detected significant rangeland degradation as approximated by changes in vegetation attributes (reduction in species diversity and richness; decreased biomass and ground cover; increased woody species density and canopy cover) and soil properties (Decreased soil OC, N and P). We quantified results of the included studies using the response ratio, which is the log proportional change in the means of a treatment and a control group. Four moderator variables (elevation (<1500 and ≥1500 m above sea level); plant life form (herbaceous and woody), rainfall amount (<600 mm and ≥600 mm), rainfall modality (mono and bimodal), and soil texture (Loam, sandy, sandy loam)) appeared to affect the response of species diversity and richness patterns to different grazing regimes, i.e., communal grazing systems, exclosures, livestock ranches and game reserves. Species diversity and richness values were generally lower in the communal grazing systems compared to the other grazing regimes. Only three moderator variables (rainfall amount and modality, and soil texture) affected the herbaceous basal cover response. Differences in soil OC were highest between communal and exclosure areas, visible at high elevations and under high rainfall. Soil N was influenced by rainfall modality and soil texture. We conclude that the effects of grazing regimes onto the environment cannot be generalized but are specific across vegetation and soil variables and differ considerably with rainfall and elevation.

ILRI Vacancy: People & Organizational Development Officer – Compensation and Benefits (Closing date: 10 April 2015)

Jobs -

The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) seeks to recruit a People & Organizational Development Officer to assist with the implementation of compensation and benefits programs, policies, and interventions that result in competitive levels of pay, attracting new talents, reward to all employees consistently and in line with P&OD and ILRI Strategy.

ILRI works with partners worldwide to enhance the roles that livestock play in food security and poverty alleviation, principally in Africa and Asia. The outcomes of these research partnerships help people in developing countries keep their farm animals’ alive and productive, increase and sustain their livestock and farm productivity, find profitable markets for their animal products, and reduce the risk of livestock-related diseases. www.ilri.org

A member of the CGIAR Consortium working for a food-secure future, ILRI has its headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya, a principal campus in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and offices in other countries in East, West and Southern Africa and in South, Southeast and East Asia. www.cgiar.org

Key Responsibilities

  • Manage staff Compensation and Benefits schemes including Medical Care and Evacuation, Group Life and Accident Insurances and Pension/Retirement plans.
  • Participate in the various P&OD projects such as salary and benefits reviews and policy reviews.
  • Manage payroll administration in full compliance with statutory and Institute’s requirements.
  • Provide professional advice and guidance to Compensation and Benefits inquiries from Managers, Budget holders and staff.
  • Provide accurate and comprehensive C&B induction to new staff.
  • Generate accurate and timely Compensation and Benefits reports and analyses.
  • Proactively monitor and ensure statutory compliance of all applicable labour laws and other regulatory requirements.
  • Play a key role in handling staff welfare issues.
  • Oversee special events for staff by coordinating committees and schedules and staying within budget.
  • Coordinate Compensation and Benefits processes for hosted institutions.
  • Oversee separation processes for staff exiting the institution.

 Requirements

  • A University degree in Human Resources Management or equivalent.
  • A Post-Graduate/Higher diploma in Human Resources Management.
  • 5 years’ experience in Compensation & Benefits administration, of which two years in supervisory position. Experience in an International Organizational/multi-cultural set-up will be an added advantage.
  • In-depth understanding of local labour laws and compensation and benefits practices.
  • Ability to work well with and within diverse teams.
  • Ability to effectively communicate in English both orally and in writing.
  • Ability to work in a systematic and organized manner with high level of accuracy and attention to detail in composing, typing, and proof reading materials.
  • Must be able to handle confidential Institute data and employee information with complete discretion.
  • Excellent computer skills.
  • Creativity and proven skills in developing and implementing new models and approaches.
  • Ability to work under pressure and be able to meet tight deadlines with minimum supervision.

Terms of Appointment

This is a Nationally Recruited Staff (NRS) position based at ILRI’s Nairobi campus. It is open to Kenyan nationals only. The position is on a 3-year contract, renewable subject to satisfactory performance and availability of funding.

Job level and salary

This position is job level 3A. ILRI offers a competitive salary and benefits package which includes; pension, medical and other insurances for ILRI’s Nationally Recruited Staff.

How to apply: Applicants should send a cover letter and CV explaining their interest in the position, what they can bring to the job and the names and addresses (including telephone and email) of three referees who are knowledgeable about the candidate’s professional qualifications and work experience to the Director, People and Organizational Development through our recruitment portal: http://ilri.simplicant.com/ before 10 April 2015. The position title and reference number CB/ P&OD/03/2015 should be clearly marked on the subject line of the online application.

To find out more about ILRI, visit our websites at http://www.ilri.org/

To find out more about working at ILRI visit our website at http://www.ilri.org/ilricrowd/

ILRI is an equal opportunity employer

More ILRI jobs

Subscribe by email to ILRI jobs alert


ILRI Vacancy: Information Systems Coordinator (Closing date: 10 April 2015)

Jobs -

The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) seeks to recruit an Information Systems Coordinator in People and Organizational Development Directorate (P&OD) to support and develop ILRI’s Human Resources (HR) systems. The jobholder will play a key role in the transition of the various HR systems into the fully integrated Enterprise Resource Planning system – Agresso Business World. Once the ERP is implemented, the jobholder shall be expected to continuously scan for improvements and learning that enhance the usage of the system and use this to build internal capacity of users on a continuous basis, offering solutions to present and emerging user needs.

ILRI works with partners worldwide to enhance the roles that livestock play in food security and poverty alleviation, principally in Africa and Asia. The outcomes of these research partnerships help people in developing countries to keep their animals alive and productive, to increase and sustain overall productivity, find profitable markets for their products, and reduce the risk of livestock-related diseases. www.ilri.org

 A member of the CGIAR Consortium working for a food-secure future, ILRI has its headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya, a principal campus in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and offices in other countries in East, West and Southern Africa and in South, Southeast and East Asia. www.cgiar.org

 Responsibilities

a) Systems administration

  • Manage business systems such as the e-learning, recruitment, and performance management systems.
  • In liaison with the users, lead in ensuring accuracy of the information coming out of the P&OD business systems.
  • Provide training to P&OD directorate staff in the use of the business systems to ensure a continuous presence of a skilled user base.
  • Work with the ICT Department to ensure all regional, country and project offices have access to the P&OD business systems and are able to use them.
  • Ensure all required P&OD systems documentation; including training materials, are available and up-to-date.
  • Manage the P&OD pages on website/intranet to ensure this is up to date.

b) System development and upgrades

  • In charge of providing guidance regarding existing and new P&OD technical system requirements.
  • Lead development of desired extensions to existing P&OD business systems to make them more effective for use at ILRI.
  • Develop customized reports for the P&OD business systems to aid management decision making.
  • Provide technical advice and assistance to P&OD staff on developing and making the best use of the business systems.
  • Implement appropriate local solutions where necessary and ensure that they can be used to update central business systems.
  • Research into finding more effective ways of using and configuring systems that can then be rolled out across the campuses or posted to the intranet and communicated to staff for their use.
  • Keeping up-to-date with changes and advancements in ICT and upgrades to Agresso Business World and recommending improvements to the deployed business systems to take advantage of the advancements.
  • Continuous study of P&OD and related business processes and recommending ways of using ICT to improve them.
  • Work directly with the system vendors/providers as needed for troubleshooting and evaluation of P&OD technology solutions.

c) Disaster recovery and support

  • Support in the implementation and management of the ILRI Agresso Business World client and other P&OD business systems user roles, security and system backups.
  • Ensure that disaster recovery and business continuity plans are developed and implemented for all the business systems being managed.
  • Carry out regular risk assessments and implement mechanisms to mitigate the identified risks. This will include regular reviews with Business Managers and ICT supervisors of access rights and critical systems definitions.

 Requirements

  • Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science or equivalent.
  • A minimum of 5 years’ experience in an ICT database, Management Information Systems (MIS) and business systems environment with at least 3 years supporting ERP and other MIS and
  • Relevant training in ERP and other business systems.
  • Training in Agresso, MS SQL database preferably MSDBA certification, Object oriented programming in environments such as MS Visual studio, Web development (ASP, JSP, JavaScript, CSS and (X) HTML5) and standard report Writers.
  • Additional advantage for those with Agresso and Excellerator reporting skills.

Other competencies

  • Well organized to manage projects in several locations.
  • Good communication and interpersonal skills with the ability to pass on information clearly to users and to grasp difficulties perceived by users.
  • Strong customer service orientation that establishes a good working relationship with customers, with the attitude of wanting to assist people and pass-on their knowledge and experience to others.
  • Excellent technical knowledge of computer applications and systems, including Agresso, MS SQL, and languages and environments such as Visual Studio, asp, JSP, net, Java.
  • Good logical diagnostic skills and ability to exercise good judgment in the resolution of problems.
  • Ability to multi-task in dealing with several different problems at a time.
  • Ability to work under high pressure, meet deadlines, monitor and follow-up on pending matters under minimum supervision.
  • Ability to communicate fluently in written and verbal English.
  • Ability to engage in collaborative relationships with all team members, internal customers and external customers.
  • Must be able to handle confidential information.

Terms of Appointment

This is a Nationally Recruited Staff (NRS) position based at ILRI’s Nairobi campus. It is open to Kenyan nationals only. The position is on a 3-year contract renewable subject to satisfactory performance and availability of funding.

Job level and salary

This position is job level 2D. ILRI offers a competitive salary and benefits package which includes; pension, medical and other insurances for ILRI’s Nationally Recruited Staff.

How to apply: Applicants should send a cover letter and CV explaining their interest in the position, what they can bring to the job and the names and addresses (including telephone and email) of three referees who are knowledgeable about the candidate’s professional qualifications and work experience to the Director, People and Organizational Development through our recruitment portal: http://ilri.simplicant.com  before 10 April 2015. The position title and reference number: ISC/P&OD/03/2015 should be clearly marked on the subject line of the online application.

To find out more about ILRI, visit our websites at http://www.ilri.org

To find out more about working at ILRI visit our website at http://www.ilri.org/ilricrowd

ILRI is an equal opportunity employer

More ILRI jobs

Subscribe by email to ILRI jobs alert


Seminar presentation: The journey of pathogen discovery – hatching to flying

Latest ILRI announcements -

The seminar will take place on Monday 30th March, 2015 from 0230hrs through to 0300hrs.
George Michuki is a Post Doc Scientist – Pathogen Discovery, in the Animal Biosciences Program.

For those based outside Nairobi campus, please use the WebEx details below to participate in the seminar.

Monday, 30 March 2015 2:30 | Nairobi Time (Nairobi, GMT+03:00) | 1 hr 30 mins Join WebEx meeting Meeting number: 840 286 729 Meeting password: 4123 Join by phone +44-203-478-5289 Call-in toll number (UK) Access code: 840 286 729 Global call-in numbers

To join the online meeting

Pages

Subscribe to International Livestock Research Institute aggregator