CGIAR research program on dryland systems

CGIAR Research Program on Dryland SystemsThe CGIAR Research Program CRP1.1 Dryland Systems ("Integrated agricultural production systems for the poor and vulnerable in dry areas") is designed to pursue new knowledge about dryland agro-ecosystems of the developing world and to develop technologies and policies that will improve the livelihoods of poor agricultural communities in target regions of those. Key constraints to be overcome characterize dryland agricultural environments: water scarcity, frequent droughts, high climatic variability, poor soil resources, and land degradation, with all of these likely to be affected by climate change.

The overall goal is to identify and develop resilient diversified and more productive combinations of mixed crop/livestock, rangeland, aquatic and agroforestry systems that have the potential to be scaled-up, especially in dry areas where water is scarce.

CGIAR Research Program 1.1 targets the poor and highly vulnerable populations of the dry areas. It aims to develop technology, policy and institutional innovations to improve livelihoods, using an integrated agro-ecosystems approach to research -for- development. It is currently under consideration for funding by the CGIAR Consortium of Board and the CGIAR Fund Council.

Resilience research is inherently more important where shocks are most pervasive and our understanding of it should not be biased by ease of access. It is hence all the more critical that we tackle these obstacles so as to glean the insights we can, and inform policies to improve the resilience of vulnerable communities. Continue reading

Livestock system and environment , May/2015

As noted by previous authors in this series, resilience is the buzzword of the decade: it has overtaken sustainability as the goal of development. Resilience has come to mean stronger, deeper or longer-term sustainability. And as the other contributors to this series have also noted, the definition of resilience is contested. But does it matter if there is no common definition? It is important to remove the focus on achieving resilience, and instead apply resilience concepts to progress the goals of sustainable development. Continue reading http://pixel.wp.com/b.gif?host=livesto...

Livestock system and environment , May/2015

Of the multiple meanings of resilience, the only sensible way to give it focused meaning is by answering the question: resilience of what system to what kind of disturbance? As different cultures have different beliefs that affect their mental maps of the world, the question of 'resilience for whom?' is as important as 'resilience of what to what?'. Without focused meaning, resilience will remain a fuzzy idea that will defy attempts to define management objectives with technically sound indicators for projects intended to enhance the resilience of livelihood systems. Continue reading

Livestock system and environment , Apr/2015

Well-being should be front and center in the way we define, think about and measure development resilience. Development resilience really refers to the resilience of the development process and implies continued progress toward self-defined sustainable development outcomes for human well-being. Continue reading

Livestock system and environment , Apr/2015

A newly-published article based on sustainable intensification in drylands says agricultural intensity and vulnerability should be understood as distinct characteristics and that some forms of intensification can increase vulnerability and are unsustainable. Continue reading

Livestock system and environment , Apr/2015

Natural resources and environmental management significantly affects pastoralists and other livestock keepers who live in drylands that cut across ecosystems. In such systems, wildlife and livestock move in and out of parks and community-protected areas with upstream-downstream effects along watersheds. How to incorporate these realities in an ecosystem management approach at a large scale is complex and not well understood because it … Continue reading http://pixel.wp.com/b.gif?host=livestocksystems.ilri.org&blog=57362207&p..." width="1" hei...

Livestock system and environment , Mar/2015

One of the focus areas of the Livestock Systems and Environment (LSE) program at the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) through the CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems is on adaptation and resilience. Here, the objective is to build capacity for adaptation to environmental change and resilient development processes among farmers and livestock keepers. Over … Continue reading

Livestock system and environment , May/2015

A new research brief by ILRI shares lessons in extension and outreach from the Index-Based Livestock Insurance (IBLI) project in Wajir, Kenya. Continue reading

IBLI, Mar/2015

An Australian Aid-funded project seeks to generate a number of policy-relevant results on the feedbacks between migrant pastoralism and the environment, including addressing the impacts of new index insurance products. Continue reading

IBLI, Mar/2015

At this week's international conference on Integrated Systems Research for Sustainable Intensification in Smallholder Agriculture, Jeroen Groot presented a poster on behalf of IFPRI colleagues on Africa RISING work to characterize the adopters of sustainable intensification innovations in Malawi and Tanzania. Continue reading

Africa RISING, Mar/2015

Pages

Amare Haileslassie
Post Doctoral Scientist
Andrew Mude
Principal Economist
Augustine A. Ayantunde
Senior Animal Scientist
Beth Njoroge
Administrative Assistant
Brenda Wandera Gache
Market and Capacity Development Manager

Pages

Contact:
Polly Ericksen

Photos

ILRI people working on this research program

Amare Haileslassie
Post Doctoral Scientist
Andrew Mude
Principal Economist
Augustine A. Ayantunde
Senior Animal Scientist
Beth Njoroge
Administrative Assistant
Brenda Wandera Gache
Market and Capacity Development Manager
Enoch Mobisa Ontiri
Research Technician II
Fiona Flintan
Rangelands Governance Scientist and Technical Coordinator for International Land Coalition's Rangelands Initiative
Iddo Dror
Head of Capacity Development

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Subject categories:
drylands