Agriculture is an important sector in Ethiopia as it accounted for 47 percent of Ethiopia’s real gross domestic product (GDP) on average over the last decade and is estimated to employ more than three-quarters of all workers in the country. CGIAR has partnered with Ethiopia in its agricultural growth and transformation for over 40 years. During this journey, it has contributed to Ethiopia’s vision of agricultural transformation through knowledge, technological (crops, livestock, natural resources management, trees, and forests), and policy interventions.
The CGIAR SPIA Synthesis report Shining a brighter light: Comprehensive evidence on adoption and diffusion of CGIAR-related innovations in Ethiopia is timely, exhaustive, and enlightening about agricultural research efforts carried out in Ethiopia in recent decades. The exercise of documenting adoption starts with a stocktake of CGIAR-related innovations which documents 52 agricultural innovations and 26 claims of policy influence.
This stocktake was used to obtain data on the adoption of 18 innovations at the national level, measured in the Ethiopian Socioeconomic Survey (ESS). The report provides evidence that many different CGIAR-related innovations are being adopted by millions of households across the different regions of Ethiopia. The report was developed in partnership with several key institutions, reflecting the approach CGIAR uses in a country where it works in close collaboration with others.
Interestingly, the report demonstrates that a combination of policy influences and technical innovations are common characteristics of the three most adopted innovations, poultry being one of them. One of the flagship projects in this sector is the African Chicken Genetic Gains (ACGG) whose main objective is to identify farmer-preferred breeds of chicken that are well adapted to low input production systems. Not all of these households, of course, would necessarily have benefited from research on improved chicken breeds and these figures should be interpreted as the ’potential reach’ of past related efforts on poultry production.
For the small and large ruminants, figures suggest there is a potential for much larger adoption. These key livestock value chains—poultry, crossbred dairy cows, and red meat—are part of the priorities identified for livestock transformation roadmaps in the Livestock Master Plan (LMP), which also helped form the basis of the livestock pillar in the Second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP II) (2015-2020). Research should continue to play its part to contribute to increased livestock productivity, increased incomes, and to lead to the achievement of the GTP II development objectives.
SPIA is publishing this report during a global pandemic whose impacts on human health and the global economy are unprecedented. ILRI is committed to working with Ethiopia in building back a stronger and better livestock sector through the development of livestock solutions and scaling up interventions that help improve food and nutrition security, raise incomes, generate employment and contribute to sustainable management of the natural resources.
Finally, I would like to take this opportunity to thank the Government of Ethiopia for its support and hosting CGIAR for over 40 years. We continue to work in close collaboration with many Government Ministries and Departments at Federal and Regional levels. Other partners include research institutes, civil society, academia, the private sector, development organizations and funders.
We look forward to build on this foundation as One CGIAR reignites its mission where it aims for – science and innovation that advance transformation of food, land and water systems in a climate crisis. www.cgiar.org
With such a long history of partnership in Ethiopia and 11 centres already working closely together, One CGIAR is well placed to quickly mobilize and support agriculture transformation in the country and beyond. The country can also act as a model for how CGIAR might work and coordinate its efforts in other countries.
For more information visit: https://cas.cgiar.org/spia/news/shining-brighter-light-adoption-and-diff...