A livestock master plan is produced for India's Odisha State

The following is a foreword by Jimmy Smith, director general of the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), to a new ILRI report, Odisha Livestock Master Plan 2022/23–2026/27.

'The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and its partners have, since 2013, provided technical support to interested countries in Africa and Asia to develop livestock master plans. A livestock master plan is an investment plan prepared to help governments identify, verbalize and prioritize their livestock development strategy objectives.

The plan is designed as an evidence-based quantitative analysis of the livestock sector, including a baseline livestock sector analysis, a 15-year livestock sector strategy, and a five-year sector investment plan. This includes financial and human resource analysis and a budget that guides the development of a country’s sustainable livestock sector.

'The Odisha livestock master plan initiative began with an aim to provide an investment plan which would complement the livestock sector development budget in a bid to help further modernize the livestock sector, enabling it to make an even more substantial contribution to the state’s development goals. I am delighted to note that we now have a comprehensive document to facilitate the development progress of the livestock sector.

'In Odisha, livestock is an important economic activity only next to crop farming, with over 80% of the rural population owning livestock, which generates up to 30% of their income. Although crop production is the principal activity, livestock is an essential secondary income source for many small-scale, marginal and landless farmers, who may own only a few animals.

This initiative is intended to help increase appropriate investments in the livestock sector and boost livestock contributions while streamlining and regulating the sector.

'The livestock master plan will also inform the development planning of the government of Odisha and other agencies within its livestock sector, development partners/donors, non-governmental organizations, civil society organizations, private sector actors and development banks. It offers alternative investment technologies and innovations that, when combined with effective policy changes, will spur the state’s comprehensive and sustainable development by attending to the recommended interventions, investments, policies and institutions needed to develop the livestock sector further.

'The choice of livestock value chains is informed by their significance in contributing to the state’s development objectives.

The priority livestock value chains within the Odisha livestock master plan are dairy, poultry, sheep and goats.

'The livestock master plan is expected to provide a more detailed and complete set of value chain investment and development plans, which will, in return, help to achieve the broad targets of the livestock road map.

'This work has been generously funded and supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation through Samagra Governance, and was undertaken by a joint team of experts from the Odisha government institutions—the Fisheries and Animal Resources Department, veterinary college, district officers—in collaboration with ILRI livestock and planning experts.

'Four nations, namely Ethiopia, Tanzania, Rwanda and Uzbekistan, as well as the Indian states of Bihar and Odisha have, over the years, benefitted from ILRI’s expertise in developing livestock master plans, some in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development. The Gambia and Kenya are among those that are currently developing livestock master plans.

'ILRI will continue to partner with governments and related livestock stakeholders to establish and build strategic partnerships that unlock catalytic investments, critical for the successful implementation of livestock master plans. This work responds to the growing demand from governments, donors, and the private sector for empirical guidance on where best to invest in the livestock sector. Now it is upon public and private livestock sector actors in Odisha State to take up the plan and invest in sustainable livestock solutions.'

Foreword by Enock Chikava, agriculture development interim director, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Close to 83% of the people in Odisha live in rural areas, and about 61.8% i.e., 17.5 million, are employed in agriculture—solely depending on agriculture and livestock sector for their livelihoods and incomes.

'Working together with the Government of Odisha, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation supports the goal of a smallholder-led, inclusive agricultural transformation. The foundation focuses on diversification and market access, the two primary factors that drive agricultural and income growth in the State.

Over the past 10 years, Odisha’s agricultural growth has outpaced that of India as a whole—(GDP) annual growth of 4.5% versus 3.1% national average. The livestock sector’s contribution to the state’s GDP has been rising year-on-year. In India, Odisha has the highest level of agriculture sector diversity. Livestock production accounts for 21% of the nation’s GDP (agricultural and related sectors).

'I am pleased to note that, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, in partnership with the Government of Odisha’s Fisheries and Animal Resources Department (FARD) and Samagra Governance, have engaged the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), to support Odisha’s livestock sector analysis and lvestock master plan (Odisha livestock master plan). A high-level Technical Advisory Committee, comprised of representatives from the government, private sector, and civil society, provided insights for the creation of the Odisha livestock master plan by identifying key problems facing the sector and help crafting the overarching framework.

'I would like to deeply congratulate the Government of Odisha, Odisha’s Fisheries and Animal Resources Department, Samagra Governance, the Odisha livestock master plan team and ILRI experts for completion of Odisha’s livestock master plan and presenting it to the government.'

This master plan will help the Odisha government further modernize the sector so that it can improve the objectives and outcomes of the livestock farmers and make sustainable contributions to the government’s development goals.

Foreword by Shri R Raghu Prasad, IFS principal secretary, Odisha Fisheries & Animal Resources Development Department

'Livestock plays a vital role in the rural economy of Odisha. The Odisha livestock master plan developed with the support of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) provides long-term outlook and investment options for the development of livestock and animal husbandry sectors in Odisha. The livestock master plan will be helpful for various stakeholders in strategizing and planning livestock development in the state.'

I compliment the efforts of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and ILRI in bringing out the Odisha livestock master plan.