South Asia

South Asia

In South Asia, ILRI has offices in India and Pakistan with the Delhi office in India serving as the regional hub. For this region, ILRI’s activities are clustered in two main areas:

Sustainable intensification of crop-livestock systems

  • Crop livestock system integration and productivity enhancement program with a focus on forages and crop residues, promotion of locally relevant feeds and forage system, dual-purpose crops, biofortification of feeds and forage, formulation of low-cost feed and promotion of flood and drought-resistant forages.
  • Genomic studies to assist in framing breeding policies for the region/country/state and work with local partners for promotion/conservation of indigenous livestock breeds and genetic resources.
  • Participatory action research for transformation of smallholder dairy, pig and goat value chains for increased productivity, economic efficiency and market access. Also exploring innovative options for institutional transformation to comply with changing production environment and market demand.
  • Livestock value chain assessment and economic impact assessment of livestock diseases.
  • Contributing to improvement of extension and livestock service delivery systems that is extremely poor in the region.
  • Effort on gender mainstreaming and integration in livestock value chain. Adoption of participatory approaches for increasing peoples participation, especially of women, in decision-making process.
  • Customized capacity strengthening of all the relevant actors involved in livestock system development including farmers, market actors, researchers, development professionals and policymakers.
  • Increasing collaboration and communication with key local, national and international partners to strengthen coordination among different relevant departments/ organizations/institutions for collective action to address complex problems.
  • Contributing to policy strategy framing and policy dialogue.

Mitigating risks in rapidly changing agricultural systems

  • The main theme that emerges in the region relates to the range of risks that are seen to be associated with agricultural system changes, including industrialization of production and supply chains, increased specialization of production, and risk related to both contributing and adapting to climate change threats. The main elements of this theme will include:
  • Studying the prioritizing zoonotic diseases including emerging infectious disease that are locally relevant and are posing challenge to human and animal health. In doing so, effort would be made to follow the multidisciplinary integrated One Health/Ecohealth approach. Also, efforts are made to address disease risks both in production systems and through product supply chains.
  • Risk assessment in livestock product value chains, especially in informal value chains which are predominant in the region. This approach would include risk prioritization, risk communication and risk mitigation in the livestock value chain. Emphasis will be on multi-stakeholder engagement for improving food quality and food safety and influencing policy for regulating informal markets. Priorities will be both on biological risks and chemical hazards (including drug residues).
  • Risk to human and animal health, productivity, ecosystem and environment from climate change, system intensification, over exploitation of common property resources and industrialization. These will include modelling of expected climate change and livestock hotspots, options for mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and for livestock-crop systems adaptation to climate change and managing environmental impacts of large-scale livestock production.
  • Carrying out epidemiological studies on transboundary animal diseases for assessing effects and economic losses.


Habibar Rahman

Habibar Rahman

ILRI regional representative, South Asia

Mohamed Nawaz Mohamed Ibrahim

Mohamed Nawaz Mohamed Ibrahim

ILRI country representative, Pakistan

Nicoline de Haan

Nicoline de Haan

Director, CGIAR GENDER Platform

You may also like

Bangladesh fish market

New science

Experts call for One Health approach to study bacterial hazards and antimicrobial risks in marketed food in Bangladesh

Participants in the markets group synthesise findings (Roopa Gogineni/PASTRES)


Joint PASTRES-ILRI policy workshop offers a vision for the future of pastoral development

Participants at the pastoralism photo exhibition. (Roopa Gogineni/PASTRES)


How can a new narrative on pastoralism influence development policy and practice?

A flock of Kadaknath native chicken reared under deep litter system


Indian Council of Agricultural Research reviews collaborative livestock development projects undertaken by ILRI

Julie Ojango (left), animal breeding scientist, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) with Poline Achieng (right), farmer.

Using digital technology to integrate gender into genetics in small ruminant and dairy systems


Available now: Issue 10 of ILRI South Asia Newsletter


Buffalo fertility boosted in Nepal through training by Guru Angad Dev University and ILRI

Related Publications

Manual for addressing major reproductive problems and mastitis in dairy animals in Nepal zones

  • Deka, Ram Pratim
  • Das, Naba Kumar
  • Ghimire, Laxman Prasad
  • Pathak, Mamta

Process for developing the herd health management (HHM) packages under the CGIAR Initiative on Sustainable Animal Productivity

  • Dione, Michel M.
  • Doyle, Rebecca
  • Temesgen, Wudu
  • Oba, Peter
  • Hu Suk Lee
  • Okoth, Edward A.
  • Deka, Ram Pratim
  • Unger, Fred
  • Omore, Amos O.
  • Hasahya, Emmanuel
  • Knight-Jones, Theodore J.D.

Workshop and field visit for dairy improvement under smallholder farming systems by partners from Nepal in collaboration with the Africa Asia Dairy Genetic Gains (AADGG) program

  • Ojango, Julie M.K.
  • Gorkhali, N.A.
  • Jha, P.K.
  • Sapkota, Suraj
  • Dahal, M.
  • Bibek G.C.
  • Kirui, Peter
  • Kipkosgei, Gideon
  • Gebreyohanes, Gebregziabher

Modelling the effects of climate change on livestock: Towards Identifying the priorities

  • Thornton, Philip K.
  • Mensah, Charles
  • Enahoro, Dolapo K.

SAPLING protocol for obtaining baseline data on value-chain performance and inclusion, as well as innovation use by service providers, applicable to the 15 SAPLING livestock value-chains

  • Marshall, Karen
  • Poole, Elizabeth J.
  • Teufel, Nils
  • Njehu, Alice
  • Baltenweck, Isabelle

Can systems thinking assist policymakers navigate the complexity of the livestock sector in developing countries?

  • Mugo, Cynthia
  • Bahta, Sirak T.
  • Aboah, Joshua
  • Chan, Derek
  • Baltenweck, Isabelle
  • Kimani, Judy