Karen Marshall

Since January 2007 I have been working at the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) as a research scientist within the 'utilisation of animal genetic resources' group. I lead the project 'Senegal Dairy Genetics' which aims to identify which breed / cross-breed of dairy animals is most appropriate for smallholder farmers in Senegal to keep. I am also involved in other projects implemented in countries including Uganda, Somalia, The Gambia, Mali, Guinea, Senegal and Vietnam. I also have a special interest in the genetics underpinning disease resistance. Prior to this position (2002-2007) I was employed as a senior lecturer within the School of Rural Science and Agriculture at the University of New England in Armidale, Australia. I was involved in teaching a range of under-graduate and post-graduate courses including ‘applied animal and plant breeding’, ‘genetic evaluation and breeding program design’ and ‘evolutionary and conservation genetics’. I also managed a large collaborative project to detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) underpinning disease resistance. I was awarded a PhD in quantitative genetics in January 2002, by the University of New England, Australia. My thesis was titled “The use of Marker Assisted Selection within the Australian sheepmeat industry” In my earlier life I was a molecular biologist, working for the department of Biochemistry, as well as the department of Physiology & Pharmacology, at the University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia.OPERATING PROJECT Improving utilization of animal genetic resources. RESEARCH INTERESTS Animal breeding within a developing country context: • Matching genotypes to production systems / environment • Breeding program design in small-hold systems Systems approaches to improving livelihoods through livestock, including the strengthening of links between animal breeders and those from other disciplines Understanding the genetics of disease resistance Capacity building and training within the field of quantitative genetics / animal breeding RECENT PUBLICATIONS Marshall, K., Okeyo, A.M., Johnson, N. 2009. Translating animal breeding research into the real world – use of the sustainable livelihoods framework. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) monograph - in print. Marshall, K., Maddox J.F., Lee, S.H., Zhang, Y., Kahn, L., Graser H-U., Gondro, C., Walkden-Brown S.W. & J.H.H. van der Werf. 2009 Genetic mapping of quantitative trait loci for resistance to Haemonchus contortus in sheep. Animal Genetics, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2052.2008.01836.x Marshall, K., Quiros-Campos, C., van der Werf, J.H.J., Kinghorn, B. 2009. Marker-based selection within small-holder production systems in developing countries. Livestock Science – accepted. Rege, J.E.O., Marshall, K., Ojango, J., Mwai, A.A. 2009. Pro-poor animal breeding – what can science do? Livestock Science – submitted. Bolormaa, S., van der Werf, J.H.J., Walkden-Brown, S.W., Marshall, K., and Ruvinsky, A. 2009. Microsatellite markers associated with QTL for eosinophil concentration in Australian fibre goats. Asian – Australasian Journal of Animal Science – accepted. Dominik, S., Henshall, J., O’Grady, J., Marshall, K., 2007. Factors influencing the efficiency of a marker-assisted introgression programme in Merino sheep. Genet. Sel. Evol. 39: 495-511. van der Werf J.H.J., Marshall, K., Lee, S. 2007. Methods and experimental designs for detection of QTL in sheep and goats. Small Ruminant Research , 70, 21-31. N. Moghaddar, K. Marshall and J.H.J. van der Werf, 2006. Quantitative trait loci mapping for growth and wool traits in Australian merino sheep, Proceedings of the 8th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production Belo Horizonte, Brazil (2006), pp. 05–10. Marshall, K., van der Werf, J. H. J., Maddox, J. F., Graser, U., Zhang, Y., Walkden-Brown, S. W., Kahn, L. 2005. A genome scan for quantitative trait loci for resistance to the gastrointestingal parasite Haemonchus contortus in sheep. Proceedings of the Association for the Advancement of Animal Breeding and Genetics 16: 115-118. PAPERPotential research projects in animal breeding - endemic ruminant livestock in West AfricaPRESENTATIONSTranslating animal breeding research into the real worldAnimal breeding for poverty impact: achieving more with available technologies