Whole genome sequencing reveals genetic diversity and heatstress adaptation in Nigerian indigenous chickens
Poultry is a crucial sector for the livelihoods and food security of millions of people in Nigeria. Here we present the first large scale whole-genome sequencing analysis on Nigerian indigenous chickens from different agro-climatic conditions, investigating their genetic diversity and adaptation to tropical hotclimates. We observe a large genetic diversity but low levels of population differentiation. Selection signature analyses were performed to identify candidate genes in relation to heat-stress adaptation including those specific to extreme hot-humid or hot-arid conditions. These results have important implications for the conservation of genetic diversity and breeding improvement of chickens for thermo-tolerance.
Gheyas, A.A., Rachman, M., Bamidele, O., Dessie, T., Smith, J., and Hanotte, O.H. 2023. Whole genome sequencing reveals genetic diversity and heatstress adaptation in Nigerian indigenous chickens. IN: Veerkamp, R.F. and Y. de Haas. 2023. Proceedings of the World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production (WCGALP), Rotterdam, the Netherlands, 3-8 July 2022. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers: 1757-1760